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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #7650 - שָׁבַע
1) to swear, adjure
1a) (Qal) sworn (participle)
1b1) to swear, take an oath
1b2) to swear (of Jehovah by Himself)
1b3) to curse
1c1) to cause to take an oath
1c2) to adjure
2808) obs (סהבאה ShBAh) AC: Swear CO: Oath AB: ?: Literally to seven oneself. A common practice was to make seven declarations when making an oath. This declaration can be making the oath seven times or doing seven things to show the sincerity of the oath. (eng: seven, an exchange of the s and sh)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שָׁבַע to swear (denom. from שֶׁבַע seven; inasmuch as the septenary number was sacred, and oaths were confirmed either by seven sacrifices, Genesis 21:28, seqq.; or by seven witnesses and pledges. See Herodot., iii. 8; Il. xix. 243. In the Ethiopic language, መሳብዕያን፡ are enchanters, Hen. MS., c. 8; as this number was also reckoned sacred in magical rites): In Kal only found in part. pass. Ezekiel 21:28, שְׁבֻעֵי שְׁבֻעוֹת “those who have sworn oaths.”
Niphal נִשְׁבַּע to swear, constr.
(a) absol., Genesis 21:24; Psalms 24:4.
(b) followed by בְּ of the person by whom one swears, Genesis 21:23, 22:16. To swear, by God, by idols, is sometimes the same as to worship God, or idols, Deuteronomy 6:13, 10:20 Isaiah 19:18; Amos 8:14 but he who swears by one in misfortune, says this, “May I bear the like if I break my faith.” Psalms 102:9 compare Isaiah 65:16.
(c) followed by ל of person, to swear to any one, Genesis 24:7, 21:23 and also with an acc. of the thing, to promise any thing by an oath to any one (einem etwas zufchwören), Genesis 50:24; Exodus 13:5, 33:1. הִשָּׁבֵעַ לֵאלֹהִים is, to swear allegiance to God, 2 Chronicles 15:14 compare Isaiah 19:18; Zephaniah 1:5 (where once it is constr. followed by בְּ).
(1) to cause to swear, to bind by an oath, Numbers 5:19; Genesis 50:5.
(2) to adjure, to charge solemnly, Song of Solomon 2:7, 3:5 5:9 1 Kings 22:16.
the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13