Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #7650 - שָׁבַע
1) to swear, adjure
1a) (Qal) sworn (participle)
1b1) to swear, take an oath
1b2) to swear (of Jehovah by Himself)
1b3) to curse
1c1) to cause to take an oath
1c2) to adjure
2808) obs (סהבאה ShBAh) AC: Swear CO: Oath AB: ?: Literally to seven oneself. A common practice was to make seven declarations when making an oath. This declaration can be making the oath seven times or doing seven things to show the sincerity of the oath. (eng: seven, an exchange of the s and sh)
V) obs (סהבאה ShBAh) - Sw (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Participle) |kjv: swear, charge, oath, straitly - Strongs: H7650 (שָׁבַע)
Nm/f ) obs (סהבאה ShBAh) - Seven: KJV (394): seven, seventh, seven times, sevenfold - Strongs: H7651 (שִׁבְעָה)
dm) ofbs (סהבואה ShBWAh) - Week: As seven days. KJV (20): week - Strongs: H7620 (שְׁבֻעָה)
df1) eofbs (סהבואהה ShBWAhH) - Oath: KJV (30): oath, curse - Strongs: H7621 (שְׁבוּעָה)
em) obis (סהיבאה ShYBAh) - Seven: [Only used in the plural form meaning seventy - miobis] KJV (91): seventy - Strongs: H7657 (שִׁבְעִים)
ef1 ) eobis (סהיבאהה ShYBAhH) - Seven: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (6): seven - Strongs: H7655 (שְׁבַע)
ef2) tobis (סהיבאהת ShYBAhT) - Sevenfold: [Always written in the plural form mitobis] KJV (7): sevenfold, seven times - Strongs: H7659 (שִׁבְעָתַיִם)
bfm ) ioibs (סהביאהי ShBYAhY) - Seventh: KJV (98): seventh, seven - Strongs: H7637 (שְׁבִעִי)
emf1) enobis (סהיבאהנה ShYBAhNH) - Seven: KJV (1): seven - Strongs: H7658 (שִׁבְעָנָה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal (according to Thes Rob Ges) Passive participle שְׁבֻעֵי שְׁבֻעוֺת Ezekiel 21:28 those sworn with (= who have sworn) oaths; both from שְׁבוּעָה, according to Krae, oaths of oaths (the most sacred); ᵐ5ᵑ6 Co omitted; both from שָׁבוּעַ, Ew Sm ׳שָׁ׳שׁ weeks on weeks (plenty of time).
Niph`al Perfect, 3 masculine singularנִשְׁבַּע Genesis 24:7, + etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singularיִשָּׁבַע Leviticus 5:24 +, וַיִּשָּׁ֫בַע Genesis 24:9 +; 2 masculine singular תִּשֶּׁבֵ֑עַ Deuteronomy 6:13; Deuteronomy 10:20; 1 singular אִשָּׁב֑עַ Genesis 21:24, וָאֶשָּׁ֫בַע 1 Kings 2:8; Ezekiel 16:8, etc.; Imperative masculine singular הַשָּֽׁבְעָה Genesis 21:23 +, etc.; Infinitive abs הִשָּׁבֵע Numbers 30:3, הִשָּׁבֵעַ Jeremiah 7:9; construct הִשָּׁבֵעַ Jeremiah 12:16 (twice in verse) + 1 Samuel 20:17 see infra; Participle נִשְׁבָּע Zechariah 5:3 +, etc.; — swear, take an oath:
1 subj man : a. in asseveration, absolute Genesis 21:24,31 (E), Judges 21:1,18; 2 Samuel 21:2 +; also followed byוַיּאֹמֶר 1 Samuel 20:3; 1 Kings 1:29, followed by לֵאמֹר 2 Samuel 3:35; Joshua 14:9 (D); with accusative of congnate meaning with verb Numbers 30:3 (P; "" נָדַר); + לַשֶּׁקֶר Jeremiah 5:2; Jeremiah 7:9; Leviticus 5:24 (P; + עַל of thing), Malachi 3:5 + ׳עלשֿׁ Leviticus 5:22 (P); + לְמִרְמָה Psalm 24:4; followed by infinitive Leviticus 5:4 (P), Psalm 15:4; Psalm 119:106; + ל person take an oath to, Joshua 6:22 (JE), Joshua 9:20 (P; accusative of congnate meaning with verb) Genesis 24:9 (+ עַלהַֿדָּבָר הַזֶּה +, so also 1 Samuel 20:17 (read לְהִשָּׁבֵעַאֶלֿ for לְהַשְׁבְּיעַ אֶתֿ, ᵐ5ᵑ9 Th We Dr and others); oath allegiance (׳לי ) Isaiah 19:18; Isaiah 45:23; Zephaniah 1:5; 2 Chronicles 5:14, compare(absolute) 2 Chronicles 5:15 ( Joshua 23:7 see
Hiph`il); also sq וַיּאֹמֶר 2 Kings 25:24, followed by לֵאמֹר 2 Samuel 21:17; 1 Kings 1:13; Jeremiah 40:9; followed byמֶּן = that not Judges 15:12, followed by אִם = id. 1 Kings 1:51; + אֶל person followed by לֵאמֹר Jeremiah 38:16; + ׳בי by ׳י, followed by infinitive Judges 21:7; + ׳בְּשֵׁם י 1 Samuel 20:42; Isaiah 48:1, compare Genesis 31:53 (E), Deuteronomy 6:13; Deuteronomy 10:20; Jeremiah 12:16 (+ ׳חַייֿ), Isaiah 65:16; Zechariah 5:4 (לַשָּׁ֑קֶר), Leviticus 19:12 ( id.), Psalm 63:12; Daniel 12:7; ׳בי followed by אִם 2 Samuel 19:8; + ל person with ׳בי Joshua 9:18,19 (P; pledge faith), followed byלֵאמֹר 1 Samuel 28:10; 1 Kings 11:30; 1 Kings 2:8,23, followed by כִּי of object clause Joshua 2:12 (JE), 1 Kings 1:17; + ל person with ׳בא, followed by אִם Genesis 21:23 (E), 1 Samuel 30:15; as verb of quotation + object ׳חַייֿ Hosea 4:15; Jeremiah 4:2; 1 Samuel 19:6 (+ אִם), + אִם in oratio recta [direct speech] Psalm 132:2 ("" נָדַר); also כְּלֹא אֱלֹהִים Jeremiah 5:7, בַּבָּ֑עַל Jeremiah 12:16, בְּמַלְכָּם Zephaniah 1:3, compare Amos 8:14 (+ וְאָמַר).
b. imprecate, curse, בִּי by me Psalm; Psalm 102:9 (compare שְׁבוּעָה 1.bקְלָלָה).
2 subject ׳י: swear, with בִּי by myself Genesis 22:16 (JE), Jeremiah 22:5 (clause כִּי), Jeremiah 49:13 ( id.), Isaiah 45:23 ( id.), with בְּקָדְשׁוֺ Amos 4:2 ( id.), compare Psalm 89:36 ("" אִם אֲכַזֵּב), compare also Amos 6:8; Amos 8:17; Jeremiah 44:26; Jeremiah 51:14; Isaiah 62:8; swear, followed by infinitive Deuteronomy 1:35; Deuteronomy 4:21; Joshua 21:41 (van d. H. Baer; Joshua 21:43 Gi), followed by מִן infinitive= not to Isaiah 54:9 (twice in verse) followed by אִם Psalm 90:10, followed by לֵאמֹר Deuteronomy 1:34; Isaiah 14:24; Numbers 32:10(P); followed by oratio recta [direct speech] Psalm 110:4; with ל person take an oath to, Genesis 24:7(J), Exodus 13:11 (J), Deuteronomy 2:14 7t. Deuteronomy (accusative of congnate meaning with verbDeuteronomy 7:8; verbDeuteronomy 9:5), Ezekiel 16:8 ("" בּוֺאבִבְרִית, Psalm 89:4 ("" כָּרַת בְּרִית), Psalm 89:50 (בֶּאֱמוּנָתֶ֑ךָ), +; ל person + infinitive (usually to give land Exodus 13:5 (J), Deuteronomy 1:8 9t. Deuteronomy; Joshua 1:6; Joshua 5:6 (twice in verse) (all R D), Jeremiah 11:5 (+ accusative of congnate meaning with verb), Jeremiah 32:22; ל person + accusative of thing (usually land) = promise by oath to Genesis 50:24; Exodus 33:1; Numbers 11:12 (all J), Numbers 14:16,23 (JE), Numbers 32:11 (P), Judges 2:1; Micah 7:20; Deuteronomy 6:18+ 8t. Deuteronomy (object covenant Deuteronomy 4:31; Deuteronomy 8:18); ל person omitted Deuteronomy 31:21.
Hiph`il Perf. 3 masculine singular הִשְׁבִּיעַ Exodus 13:19 +, 1 singular הִשְׁבַּעְתִּי Song of Solomon 2:7 +, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיַּשְׁבַּע Genesis 50:25 +, suffix וַיַּשְׁבִּעֵנִי Genesis 24:37, etc.; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁבֵּעַ Exodus 13:19; 1 Samuel 14:28; construct הַשְׁבִּיעַ 1 Samuel 14:27 ( 1 Samuel 20:17 see
Niph`al); Participle suffix מַשְׁבִּיעֶ֑ךָ 1 Kings 22:16; 2 Chronicles 18:15; —
1 cause to take an oath, subject always man: with accusative of person Genesis 50:6 (J), + 1 Samuel 14:27; 1 Kings 18:10; 2 Kings 11:4, + accusative of cognate meaning Joshua 2:17,20 (J), לֵאמֹר Genesis 24:37; Genesis 50:5 (both J), Genesis 50:25 (E), Joshua 6:26 (J; accusative of person omitted), so (Infinitive absolute + Perfect) Exodus 13:19 (JE), 1 Samuel 14:28, + וְאָמַר Numbers 5:19 and (with accusative of congnate meaning with verb) Numbers 5:21 (both P), + infinitive clause Nehemiah 5:12; Ezra 10:5; + ׳בי by ׳י Genesis 24:3 (J; clause אֲשֶׁר), 1 Kings 2:42 ("" וָאָעִדבְּךָ, + לֵאמֹר, compare Joshua 23:7 (R D; but read perhaps
Niph`alתִּשָּֽׁבְעוּ Gr and others; ᵐ5 strike out), Nehemiah 13:25 (clause אִם, oratio recta), 2 Chronicles 36:13.
2 adjure, with accusative of person 1 Kings 22:16; 2 Chronicles 18:15 (both + clause אֲשֶׁר); elsewhere only Canticles: Song of Solomon 5:9, with clause מַהֿ interrogative Song of Solomon 5:8, with clause אִם that not Song of Solomon 2:7; Song of Solomon 3:5 (both + ב of oath), = clause מַהֿ Song of Solomon 8:4 (see מָה
2 a (b)). — 1 Samuel 20:17 see
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שָׁבַע to swear (denom. from שֶׁבַע seven; inasmuch as the septenary number was sacred, and oaths were confirmed either by seven sacrifices, Genesis 21:28, seqq.; or by seven witnesses and pledges. See Herodot., iii. 8; Il. xix. 243. In the Ethiopic language, መሳብዕያን፡ are enchanters, Hen. MS., c. 8; as this number was also reckoned sacred in magical rites): In Kal only found in part. pass. Ezekiel 21:28, שְׁבֻעֵי שְׁבֻעוֹת “those who have sworn oaths.”
Niphal נִשְׁבַּע to swear, constr.
(a) absol., Genesis 21:24; Psalms 24:4.
(b) followed by בְּ of the person by whom one swears, Genesis 21:23, 22:16. To swear, by God, by idols, is sometimes the same as to worship God, or idols, Deuteronomy 6:13, 10:20 Isaiah 19:18; Amos 8:14 but he who swears by one in misfortune, says this, “May I bear the like if I break my faith.” Psalms 102:9 compare Isaiah 65:16.
(c) followed by ל of person, to swear to any one, Genesis 24:7, 21:23 and also with an acc. of the thing, to promise any thing by an oath to any one (einem etwas zufchwören), Genesis 50:24; Exodus 13:5, 33:1. הִשָּׁבֵעַ לֵאלֹהִים is, to swear allegiance to God, 2 Chronicles 15:14 compare Isaiah 19:18; Zephaniah 1:5 (where once it is constr. followed by בְּ).
(1) to cause to swear, to bind by an oath, Numbers 5:19; Genesis 50:5.
(2) to adjure, to charge solemnly, Song of Solomon 2:7, 3:5 5:9 1 Kings 22:16.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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