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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #8045 - שָׁמַד

Transliteration
shâmad
Phonetics
shaw-mad'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2406
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to destroy, exterminate, be destroyed, be exterminated

1a) (Niphal)

1a1) to be annihilated, be exterminated

1a2) to be destroyed, be devastated

1b) (Hiphil)

1b1) to annihilate, exterminate

1b2) to destroy

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 684 ‑ ἀπώλεια (ap‑o'‑li‑a);  854 ‑ ἀφανισμός (af‑an‑is‑mos');  1825 ‑ ἐξεγείρω (ex‑eg‑i'‑ro);  2049 ‑ ἐρημόω (er‑ay‑mo'‑o);  3583 ‑ ξηραίνω (xay‑rah'ee‑no);  3645 ‑ ὀλοθρεύω (ol‑oth‑ryoo'‑o);  853 ‑ ἀφανίζω (af‑an‑id'‑zo);  1842 ‑ ἐξολεθρεύω (ex‑ol‑oth‑ryoo'‑o);  622 ‑ ἀπόλλυμι (ap‑ol'‑loo‑mee);  1808 ‑ ἐξαίρω (ex‑ah'ee‑ro);  4937 ‑ συντρίβω (soon‑tree'‑bo);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (90) NAS (88) HCS (90)
Genesis 1
Leviticus 1
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 28
Joshua 6
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 5
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 3
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 3
Esther 5
Psalms 6
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 2
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 4
Daniel 1
Hosea 1
Amos 2
Micah 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 1
Leviticus 1
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 28
Joshua 6
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 5
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 3
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 3
Esther 5
Psalms 6
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 2
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 4
Daniel 1
Hosea 1
Amos 2
Micah 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 1
Genesis 1
Leviticus 1
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 29
Joshua 6
Judges 1
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 5
1 Kings 3
2 Kings 3
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 3
Esther 5
Psalms 6
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 2
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 4
Daniel 1
Hosea 1
Amos 5
Micah 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-ha 1
v-hc 16
v-hi1cp 1
v-hi1cs 4
v-hi2mp 2
v-hi2ms 1
v-hi3mp 1
v-hi3ms 3
v-hp1cs 3
v-hp3ms 5
v-hvms 1
v-hw1cs 2
v-hw3msXa 2
v-na 2
v-ni3ms 2
v-np1cs 1
v-np3cp 2
v-np3fs 1
v-np3ms 3
v-np3msX1cp 1
v-ha 1
v-hc 16
v-hi1cp 1
v-hi1cs 4
v-hi2mp 2
v-hi2ms 1
v-hi3mp 1
v-hi3ms 3
v-hp1cs 3
v-hp3cp 1
v-hp3ms 5
v-hvms 1
v-hw1cs 2
v-hw3msXa 2
v-na 2
v-ni3ms 2
v-np1cs 1
v-np3cp 3
v-np3fs 1
v-np3ms 3
v-np3msX1cp 1
v-ha 1
v-hc 16
v-hi1cp 1
v-hi1cs 4
v-hi2mp 2
v-hi2ms 1
v-hi3mp 1
v-hi3ms 3
v-hp1cs 3
v-hp3cp 1
v-hp3ms 5
v-hvms 1
v-hw1cs 2
v-hw3msXa 2
v-na 2
v-ni3ms 2
v-np1cs 1
v-np3cp 3
v-np3fs 1
v-np3ms 3
v-np3msX1cp 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2848) dms (סהמד ShMD) AC: Destroy CO: ? AB: ?: A complete annihilation or extermination. [from: ms- destruction]

V) dms (סהמד ShMD) - Destroy: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (91): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil) destroy, destruction, overthrow, perish, consume - Strongs: H8045 (שָׁמַד), H8046 (שְׁמַד)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [שָׁמַד]90 verb Niph`al be exterminated, destroyed (Late Hebrew derived species; Aramaic שְׁמַד Pa`el cause to apostatize (Jastr); Syriac seems disputed (in Lexicons); Nö Eut. Nab. 32 curse; Ba Esther 10 cites Assyrian ašmud, I destroyed; Gerber112 thinks verb denominative); — Perfect 3 masculine singular consecutive וְנִשְׁמַד Ezekiel 32:12 +, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִשָּׁמֵ Isaiah 48:19; Proverbs 14:11; 2 masculine plural תִּשָּׁמֵד֑וּן Deuteronomy 4:26; Infinitiveabsolute הִשָּׁמֵד Deuteronomy 4:26; construct suffix הִשָּׁמֶדְךָ Deuteronomy 28:20, etc.; —

1 of person be annihilated, exterminated, Genesis 34:30 (J), Judges 21:16; 2 Samuel 21:5 (+ מֵהִתְיַצֵּב בְּ; — but read לְהַשְׁמִידֵגוּᵐ5 Ew We Dr and others), Psalm 37:38 ("" נִכְדָת), Psalm 83:11; of people Deuteronomy 4:26 (׳הִשָּׁמֵד תּשּׁ), Deuteronomy 7:23; Deuteronomy 12:30(+ מִמָּנֶתךָ Deuteronomy 28:20 ("" אָבַד Deuteronomy 28:24; Deuteronomy 28:45; Deuteronomy 28:51; Deuteronomy 28:61, Jeremiah 48:42 (+מֵעִם. Ezekiel 33:12; Psalm 92:8 (+ עֲדֵיעַֿד, compare also וְלֹא יִשָּׁמֵד שְׁמוֺ מִלְּפָנָי֑ Isaiah 48:19 (+ יִכָרֵת; וַרְעֶ֑ךָ etc., in "" clause).

2 be destroyed, of bamoth, Hosea 10:8, compare (בֵּית רְשָׁעִים) Proverbs 14:11; be devastated, of land, Jeremiah 48:8 ("" אבר).

Hiph`il69 Perfect 3 masculine singular הִשְׁמִיד Deuteronomy 2:22 +, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַשְׁמִיד Isaiah 13:9 +, וַיַּשְׁמֵד 1 Kings 16:12; 2 Kings 10:28, etc.; Imperative masculine singular הַשְׁמֵד Deuteronomy 33:27; Infinitive absolute הַשְׁמֵד Isaiah 14:28, יֵ֯ד Amos 9:8; construct לְהַשְׁמִיר Joshua 9:24 +, also עַד הִשְׁמִידְךָ Deuteronomy 7:24, וֺ- Deuteronomy 28:48, ָ֯ ם - Joshua 11:14 (but read in all ׳הַשׁ, as Joshua 23:15, see Dr Deuteronomy 7:24), לַשְׁמִד Isaiah 23:11, etc.; —

1 annihilate, exterminate: accusative of person or a people, subject ׳י or human person, Deuteronomy 1:27; Deuteronomy 2:22 (+ מִמְּנֵי person), Deuteronomy 6:15 (+ מֵעַלמְּֿנֵי הָאֲרָמָה), Deuteronomy 9:20 16t. Deuteronomy; Joshua 7:12 (accusative הַחֵרֶם; + מִקִּרְבְּכֶם), Joshua 9:24 4t. Joshua (all R D), 2 Kings 14:16; 1 Kings 13:34; Amos 9:8; Isaiah 13:9; Isaiah 26:14; Esther 3:6,13 23t.; accusative מִּרְיוֺ וְשָׁרָשָׁיו (figurative) Amos 2:9, compare Ezekiel 34:16 (but Vrss Co Toy and others [not Hi Krae] אֶשְׁמֹר); אֶתשְֿׁמִי׳הִשׁ 1 Samuel 24:22 (Gi v. 1 Samuel 24:21), 2 Samuel 22:38; 1 Kings 16:12; Psalm 145:20; הַשְׁמֵד as substantive, Isaiah 14:23 besom of extermination; accusative אֶתהַֿבַּעַל 2 Kings 10:28, of extirpating Baal-worship מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל.

2 destroy, cities Micah 5:13, fortresses Isaiah 23:11, bamoth Leviticus 26:30 (H), Numbers 33:52 (P; "" אִבֵּד), חֹזֶק מַמְלְכוֺת הַגּוֺיִם Haggai 2:22.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁמַד not used in Kal (kindred to שָׁמַם).

Hiphil הִשְׁמִיד to destroy

(a) to lay waste cities, altars, Leviticus 26:30; Numbers 33:52. More frequently

(b) to destroy persons and peoples, Deuteronomy 1:27, 2:12, 21, 22, 23 Esther 3:6. Inf. הַשְׁמֵד subst. destruction, Isaiah 14:23.

Niphal, pass.

(1) to be laid waste, as a field, Jeremiah 48:8 hills, Hosea 10:8.

(2) to be destroyed, cut off, of peoples, Deuteronomy 4:26, 28:20 and of individuals, Genesis 34:30; Psalms 37:38.

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List of Word Forms
אַשְׁמִ֖יד אַשְׁמִ֛יד אַשְׁמִ֣ידְךָ֔ אשמיד אשמידך הִ֭שְׁמִידוּ הִשְׁמִ֖יד הִשְׁמִ֣יד הִשְׁמִ֤יד הִשְׁמִ֥יד הִשְׁמִֽדְךָ֖ הִשְׁמִד֑וֹ הִשְׁמִדָם֙ הִשְׁמִיד֑וֹ הִשְׁמִיד֖וֹ הִשְׁמִיד֛וֹ הִשְׁמִידֻ֖ם הִשְׁמִידֽוּם׃ הִשְׁמַ֤דְתִּי הִשָּֽׁמְדָ֑ךְ הִשָּֽׁמְדָךְ֒ הִשָּֽׁמֶדְךָ֤ הִשָּׁמְדָ֣ם הִשָּׁמְדָֽךְ׃ הִשָּׁמְדָֽם׃ הִשָּׁמֵ֖ד הַשְׁמִיד֣וֹ הַשְׁמִידָ֔ם הַשְׁמֵ֔ד הַשְׁמֵ֥יד הַשְׁמֵֽד׃ השמד השמד׃ השמדו השמדך השמדך׃ השמדם השמדם׃ השמדתי השמיד השמידו השמידום׃ השמידם וְאַשְׁמִידֵ֔ם וְהִ֨שְׁמַדְתִּ֔י וְהִ֨שְׁמַדְתִּ֔יו וְהִשְׁמִ֣ידְךָ֔ וְהִשְׁמִידְךָ֖ וְהִשְׁמַדְתִּ֖י וְהִשְׁמַדְתִּ֞י וְהִשְׁמַדְתִּ֣י וְנִשְׁמְד֞וּ וְנִשְׁמַ֖ד וְנִשְׁמַ֣ד וְנִשְׁמַ֥ד וְנִשְׁמַדְתִּ֖י וְנַשְׁמִ֖ידָה וְתַשְׁמִידֵ֔ם וַיַּשְׁמִידֵ֤ם וַיַּשְׁמִידוּם֙ וַיַּשְׁמֵ֣ד וַיַּשְׁמֵ֥ד וַתַּשְׁמִידֵ֔ם וָאַשְׁמִ֤יד וָאַשְׁמִידֵ֑ם וָאַשְׁמִידֵ֖ם וּלְהַשְׁמִ֑יד וּלְהַשְׁמִ֔יד וּלְהַשְׁמִ֛יד וּלְהַשְׁמִ֣יד ואשמיד ואשמידם והשמדתי והשמדתיו והשמידך וישמד וישמידום וישמידם ולהשמיד ונשמד ונשמדו ונשמדתי ונשמידה ותשמידם יִשָּׁמֵ֑ד יִשָּׁמֵ֛ד יַשְׁמִ֖ידוּ יַשְׁמִ֞יד יַשְׁמִ֥יד יַשְׁמִֽיד׃ יַשְׁמִידֵ֛ם ישמד ישמיד ישמיד׃ ישמידו ישמידם לְֽהַשְׁמִ֫ידָ֥ם לְהִשָּֽׁמְדָ֥ם לְהַשְׁמִ֖יד לְהַשְׁמִ֡יד לְהַשְׁמִ֣יד לְהַשְׁמִ֥יד לְהַשְׁמִ֧יד לְהַשְׁמִ֨יד לְהַשְׁמִיד֑וֹ לְהַשְׁמִיד֙ לְהַשְׁמִיד֩ לְהַשְׁמִידֵֽנוּ׃ לְהַשְׁמִידָם֙ לַשְׁמִ֖ד להשמדם להשמיד להשמידו להשמידם להשמידנו׃ לשמד נִשְׁמְד֣וּ נִשְׁמְד֥וּ נִשְׁמְדָ֥ה נִשְׁמַ֕דְנוּ נשמדה נשמדו נשמדנו תִּשָּׁמֵדֽוּן׃ תַּשְׁמִ֥יד תַּשְׁמִֽידוּ׃ תַשְׁמִ֛ידוּ תשמדון׃ תשמיד תשמידו תשמידו׃ ’aš·mî·ḏə·ḵā ’aš·mîḏ ’ašmîḏ ’ašmîḏəḵā ashMid ashMidecha haš·mêḏ haš·mî·ḏām haš·mî·ḏōw hashMed hashMeid hashmiDam hashmiDo hašmêḏ hašmîḏām hašmîḏōw hiš·maḏ·tî hiš·mi·ḏām hiš·mi·ḏōw hiš·mî·ḏōw hiš·mî·ḏū hiš·mî·ḏum hiš·mî·ḏūm hiš·mîḏ hiš·miḏ·ḵā hiš·šā·mə·ḏāḵ hiš·šā·mə·ḏām hiš·šā·mêḏ hiš·šā·meḏ·ḵā hishMadti hishMid hishmiDam hishmidCha hishmiDo Hishmidu hishmiDum hishshaMed hishshameDach hishshameDam hishshamedCha hishshamedoCh hišmaḏtî hišmîḏ hišmiḏām hišmiḏḵā hišmiḏōw hišmîḏōw hišmîḏū hišmîḏum hišmîḏūm hiššāmêḏ hiššāməḏāḵ hiššāməḏām hiššāmeḏḵā laš·miḏ lashMid lašmiḏ lə·haš·mî·ḏām lə·haš·mî·ḏê·nū lə·haš·mî·ḏōw lə·haš·mîḏ lə·hiš·šā·mə·ḏām lehashMid lehashmiDam lehashmiDenu lehashmiDo ləhašmîḏ ləhašmîḏām ləhašmîḏênū ləhašmîḏōw lehishshameDam ləhiššāməḏām niš·maḏ·nū niš·mə·ḏāh niš·mə·ḏū nishMadnu nishmeDah nishmeDu nišmaḏnū nišməḏāh nišməḏū taš·mî·ḏū ṯaš·mî·ḏū taš·mîḏ tashMid tashMidu tašmîḏ tašmîḏū ṯašmîḏū tiš·šā·mê·ḏūn tishshameDun tiššāmêḏūn ū·lə·haš·mîḏ ulehashMid ūləhašmîḏ vaashMid vaashmiDem vaiyashMed vaiyashmiDem vaiyashmiDum vattashmiDem veashmiDem vehishmadTi veHishmadTiv vehishMidecha venashMidah venishMad venishmadTi venishmeDu vetashmiDem wā’ašmîḏ wā’ašmîḏêm wā·’aš·mî·ḏêm wā·’aš·mîḏ wat·taš·mî·ḏêm wattašmîḏêm way·yaš·mêḏ way·yaš·mî·ḏêm way·yaš·mî·ḏūm wayyašmêḏ wayyašmîḏêm wayyašmîḏūm wə’ašmîḏêm wə·’aš·mî·ḏêm wə·hiš·maḏ·tî wə·hiš·maḏ·tîw wə·hiš·mî·ḏə·ḵā wə·naš·mî·ḏāh wə·niš·maḏ wə·niš·maḏ·tî wə·niš·mə·ḏū wə·ṯaš·mî·ḏêm wəhišmaḏtî wəhišmaḏtîw wəhišmîḏəḵā wənašmîḏāh wənišmaḏ wənišmaḏtî wənišməḏū wəṯašmîḏêm yaš·mî·ḏêm yaš·mî·ḏū yaš·mîḏ yashMid yashmiDem yashMidu yašmîḏ yašmîḏêm yašmîḏū yiš·šā·mêḏ yishshaMed yiššāmêḏ
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Monday, July 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
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