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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Ephesians 6



Other Authors
Verse 1

Children. App-108. Compare Colossians 3:20.

Lord. App-98.

right. App-191.

Verse 2

Honour, &c. From Exodus 20:12.

Verse 3

That = In order that. Greek. hina.

earth. App-129.

Verse 4

ye = the.

provoke . . . to wrath. See Romans 10:19.

bring . . . up = nurture. As in Ephesians 5:29. Compare 2 Timothy 3:15.

in the nurture = with (Greek. en) discipline. Greek. paideia. Only here; 2 Timothy 3:16. Hebrews 12:5, Hebrews 12:7, Hebrews 12:8, Hebrews 12:11.

admonition. Greek. nouthesia. Only here; 1 Corinthians 10:11. Titus 3:10.

Verse 5

Servants. App-190.

masters. Greek. kurios. See App-98.

according to. App-104.

fear and trembling. Compare 1 Corinthians 2:3, the same phrase.

singleness. Greek. haplotes. See Romans 12:8.

unto = to.

Christ. App-98.

Verse 6

with = according to. App-104.

eyeservice. Only here and. Colossians 3:22.

menpleasers. Only here and Colossians 3:22.

the. Omit.

will. App-102.

God. App-98.

from. App-104.

heart = soul. App-110. Ephesians 6:2.

Verse 7

good will. Greek. eunoia. See 1 Corinthians 7:3, the only other occurance.

doing service. App-190.

Lord. App-98.

men. App-123.

Verse 8

This verse contains an example of Figure of speech Tmesis. App-6.

Knowing. App-132.

any man = each one.

receive. Compare 2 Corinthians 5:10.

of. App-104.

bond. App-190.

Verse 9

And, ye masters = The masters also.

forbearing = refraining from. See Acts 16:26 (loosed).

your Master. The texts read, "both their Master and yours".

Master. App-98.

heaven = heavens. See Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

neither is there = and there is not (Greek. ou).

respect of persons. As in Romans 2:11.

Verse 10

Finally = From henceforth. The texts read tou loipou, as Galatians 1:6, Galatians 1:17.

my brethren. The texts omit.

be strong = be empowered; pass, of Greek. endunamoo. Compare Acts 9:22.

power. App-172.

might. App-172.

Verse 11

Put on. See Ephesians 4:24. whole armour = panoply. Greek. panoplia; only here, Ephesians 6:13, and Luke 11:22. Frequently in Apocrypha.

that, against. The same Greek. word, pros. App-104.

wiles. See Ephesians 4:14.

Verse 12

we wrestle = to us the wrestling (Greek. pale; only here) is.

against. Greek. pros, Ephesians 6:11.

flesh and blood = blood and flesh; i.e. human beings, contrasted with the wicked spirits mentioned below.

principalities. App-172.

powers. App-172.

rulers = world-rulers. Greek. kosmokrator; only here.

the = this.

darkness. The present order of things.

of . . . world. The texts omit.

spiritual wickedness. Literally spiritual (hosts) of the wickedness (Greek. poneria. App-128.) These are the wicked spirits of the evil one (Greek. poneros, see 1 John 2:13, and App-128.

high places = the heavenlies. See Ephesians 1:3.

Verse 13

Wherefore = On account of (Greek. dia) this.

take unto you = take up.

withstand. Greek. anthistemi. See Romans 9:19.

the evil day. Perpetually, because the days are evil; Ephesians 5:16. Compare Galatians 1:1, Galatians 1:4.

done. Greek. katergazomai. See Romans 1:27.

stand = stand (fast). Greek. histemi. Compare 2 Thessalonians 2:15.

Verse 14

Stand, &c. Here are defined the panoplia of God. These are seven (App-10); three for enduement, girdle, breastplate, shoes; two are weapons of defense, shield and helmet; two for offence, sword and spear.

having your loins girt about = having girded your loins.

truth. Greek. aletheia. See App-175.

having on = having put on, as in Ephesians 6:11.

breastplate of righteousness. Compare Messiah"s panoply, Isaiah 11:5; Isaiah 59:17.

righteousness. App-191.

Verse 15

shod = having shod. Occurs: Mark 6:9, Acts 12:8.

preparation. Greek. hetoimasia; only here. The verb occurs first in Matthew 3:3.

gospel. App-140. peaces the peace.

Verse 16

Above. Greek. en. App-104.

shield. Greek. thureos. The shield is Christ Himself. Compare Genesis 15:1.

faith = the faith. App-150.

wherewith. Greek. en (App-104.) ho.

quench. Compare 1 Thessalonians 5:19.

darts. Greek. belos, anything thrown. Occurs only here. Satanic temptations.

wicked = wicked one. See Ephesians 6:12.

Verse 17

take = receive. Greek. dechomai. Occurs fifty-nine times (fifty-two "receive"). We receive, we do not take, salvation.

helmet. Only here, and 1 Thessalonians 5:8. Compare Isaiah 59:17.

salvation. Greek. soterion. See Luke 2:30; Luke 3:6. Acts 28:28.

Spirit. App-101.; App-17.

word = utterance. Greek. rhema. The written word. See Mark 9:32, and compare Isaiah 8:20. Matthew 4:4, Matthew 4:6, Matthew 4:7.

Verse 18

Praying. App-134.

always = on (Greek. en) every occasion.

prayer. App-134.

supplication. App-134.

watching. Literally lying sleepless. See Mark 13:33. Luke 21:36. Hebrews 13:17.

thereunto = unto (Greek. eis) this.

perseverance. Only here; the verb in Romans 12:12.

for = concerning. App-104.

saints = the saints. See Acts 9:13.

Verse 19

for. App-104.

utterance. App-121.

I . . . mouth. Literally in (Greek. en) opening (Greek. anoixis, only here) of my mouth.

boldly = with (Greek. en) boldness.

make known. As Philippians 1:1, Philippians 1:22.

mystery. App-193.

Verse 20

I am an ambassador. Greek. presbeuo; only here and 2 Corinthians 5:20. Ancient inscriptions show that presbeuo and presbutes (ambassador) were the terms employed in the Greek East to indicate the Emperor"s Legate.

bonds = a chain. See Acts 28:20. 2 Timothy 1:16. Compare Mark 5:3. An ambassador in a chain!

therein = in (Greek. en) it; i.e. the mystery.

speak boldly = speak freely, as in Acts 26:26.

Verse 21

my affairs = the things concerning (App-104.) me.

do = fare. Greek. prasso. Compare Acts 15:20.

Tychicus. See Acts 20:4. Colossians 4:7. 2 Timothy 4:12. Titus 3:12. Named in association with Trophimus (Acts 20:4), he also was probably an Ephesian. Compare Acts 21:29.

a = the.

beloved. App-135.

faithful. App-150.

minister. App-190.

shall = will.

Verse 22

have sent = sent. App-174.

the same = this very.

might = may.

know. App-132.

our affairs = the things concerning (App-104.) us.

comfort. Greek. parakaleo. App-134.

Verse 23

Peace. See Ephesians 1:2. The seventh and last occurance in the Ep. of grace and peace.

love. App-135. Tenth and last OCC in Eph.

faith. As Ephesians 6:16, but without article.

from. App-104.

Father. App-98.

the Lord Jesus Christ. See Ephesians 1:3.

Verse 24

Grace = The grace. App-184.

love. App-135.

sincerity. Literally uncorruptness. Greek. aphtharsia. See Romans 2:7. 1 Corinthians 15:42.

Amen. Omit, with all the texts.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ephesians 6:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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