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Bible Commentaries
Ephesians 6

Bullinger's Companion Bible NotesBullinger's Companion Notes

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Verse 1

Children . App-108 . Compare Colossians 3:20 .

Lord . App-98 .

right . App-191 .

Verse 2

Honour, &c . From Exodus 20:12 .

Verse 3

That = In order that. Greek. hina.

earth . App-129 .

Verse 4

ye = the.

provoke . . . to wrath. See Romans 10:19 .

bring . . . up = nurture. As in Ephesians 5:29 . Compare 2 Timothy 3:15 .

in the nurture = with (Greek. en) discipline. Greek. paideia. Only here; 2 Timothy 3:16 . Hebrews 12:5 , Hebrews 12:7 , Hebrews 12:8 , Hebrews 12:11 .

admonition . Greek. nouthesia. Only here; 1 Timothy 3:10; 1 Timothy 3:10 .

Verse 5

Servants. App-190 .

masters . Greek. kurios. See App-98 .

according to . App-104 .

fear and trembling . Compare 1 Corinthians 2:3 , the same phrase.

singleness . Greek. haplotes. See Romans 12:8 .

unto = to.

Christ . App-98 .

Verse 6

with = according to. App-104 .

eyeservice . Only here and. Colossians 3:22 .

menpleasers . Only here and Colossians 3:22 .

the . Omit.

will . App-102 .

God . App-98 .

from . App-104 .

heart = soul. App-110 . Ephesians 6:2 .

Verse 7

good will. Greek. eunoia. See 1 Corinthians 7:3 , the only other occurance.

doing service . App-190 .

Lord . App-98 .

men . App-123 .

Verse 8

This verse contains an example of Figure of speech Tmesis. App-6 .

Knowing . App-132 .

any man = each one.

receive . Compare 2 Corinthians 5:10 .

of . App-104 .

bond . App-190 .

Verse 9

And, ye masters = The masters also.

forbearing = refraining from. See Acts 16:26 (loosed).

your Master . The texts read, "both their Master and yours".

Master . App-98 .

heaven = heavens. See Matthew 6:9 , Matthew 6:10 .

neither is there = and there is not (Greek. ou) .

respect of persons . As in Romans 2:11 .

Verse 10

Finally = From henceforth. The texts read tou loipou, as Galatians 1:6 , Galatians 1:17 .

my brethren . The texts omit.

be strong = be empowered; pass, of Greek. endunamoo. Compare Acts 9:22 .

power . App-172 .

might . App-172 .

Verse 11

Put on . See Ephesians 4:24 . whole armour = panoply. Greek. panoplia ; only here, Ephesians 6:13 , and Luke 11:22 . Frequently in Apocrypha.

that, against. The same Greek. word, pros. App-104 .

wiles . See Ephesians 4:14 .

Verse 12

we wrestle = to us the wrestling (Greek. pale ; only here) is.

against . Greek. pros, Ephesians 6:11 .

flesh and blood = blood and flesh; i.e. human beings, contrasted with the wicked spirits mentioned below.

principalities . App-172 .

powers . App-172 .

rulers = world-rulers. Greek. kosmokrator ; only here.

the = this.

darkness . The present order of things.

of . . . world . The texts omit.

spiritual wickedness . Literally spiritual (hosts) of the wickedness (Greek. poneria. App-128 .) These are the wicked spirits of the evil one (Greek. poneros, see 1 John 2:13 , and App-128 .

high places = the heavenlies. See Ephesians 1:3 .

Verse 13

Wherefore = On account of (Greek. dia) this.

take unto you = take up.

withstand . Greek. anthistemi. See Romans 9:19 .

the evil day . Perpetually, because the days are evil; Ephesians 5:16 . Compare Galatians 1:1 , Galatians 1:4 .

done . Greek. katergazomai. See Romans 1:27 .

stand = stand (fast). Greek. histemi. Compare 2 Thessalonians 2:15 .

Verse 14

Stand, &c . Here are defined the panoplia of God. These are seven ( App-10 ); three for enduement, girdle, breastplate, shoes; two are weapons of defense, shield and helmet; two for offence, sword and spear.

having your loins girt about = having girded your loins.

truth . Greek. aletheia. See App-175 .

having on = having put on, as in Ephesians 6:11 .

breastplate of righteousness. Compare Messiah's panoply, Isaiah 11:5 ; Isaiah 59:17 .

righteousness . App-191 .

Verse 15

shod = having shod. Occurs: Mark 6:9 , Acts 12:8 .

preparation . Greek. hetoimasia ; only here. The verb occurs first in Matthew 3:3 .

gospel . App-140 . peaces the peace.

Verse 16

Above . Greek. e n . App-104 .

shield . Greek. thureos. The shield is Christ Himself. Compare Genesis 15:1 .

faith = the faith. App-150 .

wherewith . Greek. en ( App-104 .) ho .

quench . Compare 1 Thessalonians 5:19 .

darts . Greek. belos, anything thrown. Occurs only here. Satanic temptations.

wicked = wicked one. See Ephesians 6:12 .

Verse 17

take = receive. Greek. dechomai. Occurs fifty-nine times (fifty-two "receive"). We receive, we do not take , salvation.

helmet . Only here, and 1 Thessalonians 5:8 . Compare Isaiah 59:17 .

salvation . Greek. soterion. See Luke 2:30 ; Luke 3:6 . Acts 28:28 .

Spirit . App-101 .; App-17 .

word = utterance. Greek. rhema. The written word. See Mark 9:32 , and compare Isaiah 8:20 . Matthew 4:4 , Matthew 4:6 , Matthew 4:7 .

Verse 18

Praying . App-134 .

always = on (Greek. en) every occasion.

prayer . App-134 .

supplication . App-134 .

watching . Literally lying sleepless. See Mark 13:33 .Luke 21:36 . Hebrews 13:17 .

thereunto = unto (Greek. eis) this.

perseverance . Only here; the verb in Romans 12:12 .

for = concerning. App-104 .

saints = the saints. See Acts 9:13 .

Verse 19

for . App-104 .

utterance . App-121 .

I . . . mouth . Literally in (Greek. en) opening (Greek. anoixis, only here) of my mouth.

boldly = with (Greek. en) boldness.

make known . As Philippians 1:1 , Philippians 1:22 .

mystery . App-193 .

Verse 20

I am an ambassador . Greek. presbeuo ; only here and 2 Corinthians 5:20 . Ancient inscriptions show that presbeuo and presbutes (ambassador) were the terms employed in the Greek East to indicate the Emperor's Legate.

bonds = a chain. See Act 28:20 . 2 Timothy 1:16 . Compare Mark 5:3 . An ambassador in a chain!

therein = in (Greek. en) it; i.e. the mystery.

speak boldly = speak freely, as in Acts 26:26 .

Verse 21

my affairs = the things concerning ( App-104 .) me.

do = fare. Greek. prasso. Compare Acts 15:20 .

Tychicus . See Acts 20:4 . Col 4:7 . 2 Timothy 3:12; 2 Timothy 3:12 . Named in association with Trophimus (Acts 20:4 ), he also was probably an Ephesian. Compare Acts 21:29 .

a = the.

beloved . App-135 .

faithful . App-150 .

minister . App-190 .

shall = will.

Verse 22

have sent = sent. App-174 .

the sam e = this very.

might = may.

know . App-132 .

our affairs = the things concerning ( App-104 .) us.

comfort . Greek. parakaleo. App-134 .

Verse 23

Peace. See Ephesians 1:2 . The seventh and last occurance in the Ep. of grace and peace.

love . App-135 . Tenth and last OCC in Eph.

faith . As Ephesians 6:16 , but without article.

from . App-104 .

Father . App-98 .

the Lord Jesus Christ . See Ephesians 1:3 .

Verse 24

Grace = The grace. App-184 .

love . App-135 .

sincerity . Literally uncorruptness. Greek. aphtharsia. See Romans 2:7 . 1 Corinthians 15:42 .

Amen . Omit, with all the texts.

Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ephesians 6". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/ephesians-6.html. 1909-1922.
 
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