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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Job 3

 

 

Verse 1

After this: i.e. after this long restraint.

cursed. Here we have the Hebrew kalal, which was in the primitive text. See note on Job 1:5.

his day: i.e. his birthday. Compare Job 3:3.


Verse 2

spake = answered, i.e. began, or lamented. Hebrew idiom. See note on Deuteronomy 1:41.


Verse 3

and = or. He knew not which it was. Compare Judges 11:31.

man. Hebrew. geber. App-14.


Verse 4

darkness. Hebrew. hashak. GOD. Hebrew Eloah. See App-4.


Verse 5

the shadow of death. Hebrew. zalmaveth = the darkness of death.

stain it = pollute it. Hebrew. ga"al, to pollute; not ga"al, to redeem.


Verse 6

darkness = intense or thick darkness. Hebrew. "ophel. Not hashak (verses: Job 3:4, Job 3:5, Job 3:9) which is less intense.


Verse 7

Lo. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.


Verse 8

their mourning = a dragon. Referring probably to what the constellation signified.


Verse 9

dark. Hebrew. hashak. See Job 3:4.

let it look. Figure of speech Prosopopoeia. App-6.


Verse 11

Why . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

from = in, or within.

give up the ghost = die. Hebrew. gava", to expire. Compare Job 10:18; Job 13:19; Job 14:10.


Verse 12

the knees [of the mother]. Figure of speech Ellipsis. App-6.

prevent = come before, so as to meet.


Verse 14

desolate places = ruins: i.e. places (tombs or monuments) already going to ruins.


Verse 17

wicked = lawless agitators. Hebrew. rasha". App-44.

weary = worn out [of strength].


Verse 18

oppressor = taskmaster.


Verse 19

master = masters. Hebrew, plural for emphasis.


Verse 20

Wherefore . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6.

soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13.


Verse 21

long = wait, or look for.


Verse 22

grave = sepulchre. Hebrew. keber. See App-35.


Verse 23

Why . . . ? Figure of speech Ellipsis. App-6. supplies the sentence from v- 20; but it may be repeated from Job 3:22, "the grave", regarding verses: Job 21:22 as a parenthesis.

GOD. Hebrew Eloah. App-4.


Verse 24

I eat = my food.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 3:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/job-3.html. 1909-1922.

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