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After this: i.e. after this long restraint.
cursed. Here we have the Hebrew kalal, which was in the primitive text. See note on Job 1:5 .
his day: i.e. his birthday. Compare Job 3:3 .
spake = answered, i.e. began, or lamented. Hebrew idiom. See note on Deuteronomy 1:41 .
and = or. He knew not which it was. Compare Judges 11:31 .
man. Hebrew. geber. App-14 .
darkness. Hebrew. hashak. GOD. Hebrew Eloah. See App-4 .
the shadow of death. Hebrew. zalmaveth = the darkness of death.
stain it = pollute it. Hebrew. ga'al, to pollute; not ga'al, to redeem.
darkness = intense or thick darkness. Hebrew. 'ophel. Not hashak (verses: Job 3:4 , Job 3:5 , Job 3:9 ) which is less intense.
Lo. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .
their mourning = a dragon. Referring probably to what the constellation signified.
dark. Hebrew. hashak. See Job 3:4 .
let it look. Figure of speech Prosopopoeia. App-6 .
Why . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .
from = in, or within.
give up the ghost = die. Hebrew. gava', to expire. Compare Job 10:18 ; Job 13:19 ; Job 14:10 .
the knees [of the mother]. Figure of speech Ellipsis. App-6 .
prevent = come before, so as to meet.
desolate places = ruins: i.e. places (tombs or monuments) already going to ruins.
wicked = lawless agitators. Hebrew. rasha'. App-44 .
weary = worn out [of strength].
oppressor = taskmaster.
master = masters. Hebrew, plural for emphasis.
Wherefore . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .
soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .
long = wait, or look for.
grave = sepulchre. Hebrew. keber. See App-35 .
Why . . . ? Figure of speech Ellipsis. App-6 . supplies the sentence from v- 20; but it may be repeated from Job 3:22 , "the grave", regarding verses: Job 21:22 as a parenthesis.
GOD. Hebrew Eloah. App-4 .
I eat = my food.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Job 3". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
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