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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Luke 11

 

 

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Verse 1

it came to pass. A Hebraism. See Luke 2:1.

as He was praying = in(Greek. en. App-104.)

His praying. The sixth of seven such occasions.

praying. Greek. proseuchomai. App-134.

in. Greek. en. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 11:2, Luke 11:6, Luke 11:7, Luke 11:33 -.

when = as.

unto = to. Greek. pros. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 11:24, Luke 11:51.

Lord. Note the disciple"s form of address.

as = even as.


Verse 2

heaven = the

heavens. See note on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

Hallowed = Sanctified.

Thy name. See note on Psalms 20:1.

Thy kingdom. See App-111, 112, 113, 114.

come = Let . . . come.

be done = come to pass. heaven (singular) See note on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

in = upon. Greek. epi. App-104.

earth. Greek. ge. App-129.


Verse 3

day by day = according to (Greek. kata. App-104.)the day.

daily. Greek. epiousias. See note on Matthew 6:11.

bread. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche(of the Part), App-6, for food in general.


Verse 4

forgive. See note on Luke 3:3. James 5:15.

sins. Trespasses comes from Tyndale"s Version.

lead = bring.

not. Greek. me. App-105. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 11:7, Luke 11:8, Luke 11:38, Luke 11:40, Luke 11:44, Luke 11:46, Luke 11:52.

into. Greek. eis. App-104.

temptation = trial or testing. from = away

from. Greek. apo. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 11:16, Luke 11:31.

evil = the evil, or the evil one, denoting active harmfulness.


Verse 5

And He said, &c. Verses 5-10 are peculiar to Luke.

of = among. Greek. ek. App-104.

lend. Greek. chrao. Occurs only here.


Verse 6

For = Since.

in = off. Greek. ek. App-104.

to. Greek. pros. App-104. Not the same word as in Luke 11:37.

nothing to = not (Greek. ou. App-105) what I may.


Verse 7

now = already. The door would on no account be opened to a stranger at night.

children. Greek. paidion. App-108.

with. Greek. meta. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 11:20, Luke 11:37. A whole family will sleep in one room, in the garments worn by day, in one large bed.

in. Greek. eis. App-104.

cannot = am not (Greek. ou. App-105) able to.


Verse 8

not. Greek. ou. App-105.

because = on account of. Greek. dia. App-104. Luke 11:2.

importunity = shamelessness, impudence. Greek. anaideia. Occurs only here in N.T.


Verse 9

Ask. seek. knock. Note the Figure of speech Anabasis (App-6). Ask. Greek. aiteo. Always used of an inferior to a superior. Never used of the Lord to the Father.


Verse 11

If, &c. = Shall a son ask, &c.

any = which.

if, &c. App-118.

a fish = a fish also

for = instead. Greek. anti. App-104.


Verse 12

if. Greek. ean, App-118. b.

offer = give to.


Verse 13

know. Greek. oida. App-132.

children. App-108.

heavenly = out of (Greek. ek. App-104.) heaven.

the Holy Spirit = spiritual gifts. No articles. Greek. pneuma hagion. See App-101. Note the five contrasts. A loaf, a stone; a fish, a serpent; an egg, a scorpion; temporal gifts, spiritual gifts; earthly fathers, the heavenly Father.


Verse 14

devil = demon.

the dumb spake = the dumb [man] spake.


Verse 15

through = by. Greek en. App-104.

Beelzebub. Aramaean. See on Matthew 10:25. App-94.


Verse 16

others. Greek. Plural of heteros. App-124.

of = from. Greek. para. App-104.

from = out of. Greek. ek. App-104.

heaven. Singular, as in Luke 11:2.


Verse 17

thoughts = intents, purposes, or machinations. Greek. dianoema. Occurs only here in N.T.

against. Greek. epi. App-104.

brought to desolation. Greek. eremoo. Occurs only here, Matthew 12:25; and Revelation 17:16; Revelation 18:17, Revelation 18:19.


Verse 18

Beelzebub. Aramaean, as in Luke 11:15. See note on Matthew 10:25. This is the "unpardonable sin". See Mark 8:28-30.


Verse 19

by. Greek en. App-104.

therefore = on this account. Greek. dia. App-104. Luke 11:2.


Verse 20

with = by. Greek. en, as in Luke 11:19. Compare Matthew 3:11.

the finger of God. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6See Exodus 8:19. Finger, here, put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject), App-6, for the Holy Spirit Himself.

the kingdom of God. See App-114.

come upon you. With suddenness and surprise Greek. phthano. Occurances elsewhere: Matthew 12:28. Romans 9:31, 2 Corinthians 10:14. Philippians 1:3, Philippians 1:16. 1 Thessalonians 2:16; 1 Thessalonians 4:15.


Verse 21

a = the.

armed = fully armed: from head to foot. Compare Matthew 12:28. Greek. kathoplizomai. Occurs only here in N.T.

keepeth = guardeth.

his palace = his own court. Greek. aule. Matthew 26:3, Matthew 26:58, Matthew 26:69

goods = possessions.


Verse 22

when = as soon as.

taketh = taketh away. Same word as in Luke 8:12.

all his armour = his panoply. Occurs only here, any Ephesians 6:11, Ephesians 6:13.

wherein = on (Greek. epi. App-104.) which.

trusted = had trusted.

spoils. Compare Mark 5:5. Occurs only here.


Verse 24

unclean. See Luke 4:33.

spirit : i.e. demon. See App-101.

of = away from. Greek. apo. App-104.

man. Greek. anthropos. App-123. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 11:31, Luke 11:32.

through. Greek. dia. App-104.

dry = waterless. Compare Isaiah 13:21, Isaiah 13:22; Isaiah 34:14, &c.

none = not (Greek. me. App-105) [any].

unto. Greek. eis. App-104.


Verse 25

garnished = adorned.


Verse 26

taketh = taketh to. Compare Matthew 7:21.

other = different. Greek. heteros. App-124.

wicked. App-128.

dwell = settle down.

is = becomes.


Verse 27

as He spake = in (Greek. en. App-104.) His speaking.

company = crowd.

Blessed = Happy.

hast sucked = didst suck.


Verse 29

And when, &c. Luke 11:29-36 peculiar to Luke.

were gathered = were gathering. Occurs only here.

This, &c. See note on Matthew 11:18.

evil. Greek. poneros. App-128. Compare Matthew 12:34.

sign. Greek. semeion. App-176.

Jonas = Jonah. See notes on p. 1247.


Verse 30

as = even as.

was = became.

the Ninevites. They must therefore have known of the miracle connected with him.

also the Son of man = the Son of man also.

the Son of man. See App-98.

this generation. See note on Luke 11:29.


Verse 31

The queen of the south. See 1 Kings 10:1-13. 2 Chronicles 9:1-12.

rise up. From the dead.

men. Greek. Plural of aner. App-128.

condemn. Greek katakrino. App-122.

utmost parts = the ends.

behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

a greater = something more. Compare Matthew 12:6.


Verse 32

rise up = stand up as witnesses. Not the same word as "rise up "in Luke 11:31. App-178.

repented. See App-111.

at. Greek. eis. App-104.

preaching = proclamation. See App-121.


Verse 33

No man, &c. Repeated here from Matthew 5:15.

Greek. oudeis = no one, compound of ou. App-105.

candle = lamp. See App-130.

secret place = cellar, or vault. All the texts read krupte (crypt).

under. Greek. hupo. App-104.

a bushel = the corn measure. Compare Matthew 5:15. on. Greek. epi. App-104.

a candlestick = the lampstand. App-180.

see. App-133.

light. App-130.


Verse 34

light = lamp. Same word as "candle "in Luke 11:33. See App-130.

eye. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject), App-6, for the eyesight.

single = sound: referring to the eyesight as "good", Occ:. only here and Matthew 6:22.

full of light = illuminated.

evil. Greek. poneros. See App-128.

full of darkness = dark.


Verse 35

Take heed = Seq. Greek. skopeo. Occurs only here Romans 16:17. 2 Corinthians 4:18. Galatians 1:6, Galatians 1:1. Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:4; Philippians 3:17,

light. Greek phos. See App-130.


Verse 36

no. Greek. me. App-105.

the bright shining of a candle = the lamp with its brilliance.

doth give thee light = may light thee. Greek. photizo. Compare App-130.


Verse 37

as He spake = literal in (Greek. en. App-104.) His speaking.

besought = asked. App-134.

to dine = that he would dine,

dine = take breakfast. Greek. aristao, not deipneo. The morning meal after returning from the synagogue. Occurs (with the noun) only here; Luke 14:12. Matthew 22:4. John 21:12, John 21:15.

with = beside. Greek para. App-104.

sat down to meat = reclined Himself.


Verse 38

washed = performed His ablutions. App-115and App-136.

before. Greek. pro. App-104.

dinner. Greek. ariston. See note on "dine", Luke 11:37.


Verse 39

clean: i. a. ceremonially clean.

platter = dish. See note on Matthew 14:8.

ravening and wickedness = wicked greed. Figure of speech Hendiadys. App-6.

wickedness. App-128.


Verse 40

Ye fools. Fools = senseless ones. Greek. aphron. The first of eleven occurances.


Verse 41

But rather, &c. = Nevertheless [ye say] "give alms", &c. This was the great meritorious work. supposed to cleanse or make amends for everything.

such things as ye have = the things that are within. Greek. ta enonta. Occurs only here in N.T.


Verse 42

ye tithe = ye tithe, or pay or take tithes. Greek. epode katoo. Occurs only here; Luke 18:12. Matthew 23:23; and Hebrews 7:5.

all manner of herbs = every herb. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of the Genus), App-6, for all tithable herbs.

pass over = pass by, as in Mark 6:48.

judgment. A Hebraism = justice. App-177.

the love of God. Genitive of relation (App-17.), meaning the love required by God, as admitted by the lawyer (Luke 10:27).

ought ye to have done = it behoved you to do.

leave . . . undone = leave aside. But most of the texts read "pass by", as in the preceding clause.


Verse 43

love. App-135.

uppermost. Same as "chief" in Matthew 23:6.


Verse 44

hypocrites. Theodotion"s rendering of Job 34:30, and Job 36:13, and Aquila and Theod. in Job 15:34, and by Aquila, Syria., and Theod. in Proverbs 11:9, Isaiah 33:14, and Septuagint in Isaiah 32:6, show that the word had come to mean not merely "false pretence", but positive impiety or wickedness.

appear not = are unseen.

that walk over them = who walk about above them.

aware = know. Greek. oida. App-132.


Verse 45

lawyers = teachers of the law. Greek. nomikos. Not the same as in Luke 5:17.

Master = Teacher. App-98.

thus = these things.

reproachest = insultest.


Verse 46

lade. Compare "heavy laden", Matthew 11:28.

grievous. This refers to the innumerable precepts of the Oral Law, now embodied in the Talmud. Greek. dusbastaktos. Occurs only here and Matthew 23:4 in N.T.

touch. Greek. prospsauo = to touch gently. A medical word, used of feeling the pulse or a sore place on the body. Occurs only here.


Verse 47

ye build = ye are building.

sepulchres = tombs. See Matthew 23:29.


Verse 48

Truly = So then.

that ye allow = and give your full approval to.


Verse 49

the Wisdom of God. This is Christ Himself; for in Matthew 23:34 this is exactly what He did say. It is not a quotation from the O.T., or any apocryphal book. I will send, &c. This He did, in and during the dispensation of the Acts. Compare Matthew 22:1-7.

them = unto (Greek. eis. App-104.) them.

prophets and apostles. See note on Ephesians 2:20.


Verse 50

all the prophets. Compare Luke 6:23.

shed = poured out. Same word as in Luke 22:20.

foundation, &c. See note on Proverbs 8:22. Matthew 13:35.

world. Greek kosmos. See App-129.

required. Greek ekzeteo. Occurs also Acts 15:17. Romans 3:11. Hebrews 11:6; Hebrews 12:17. 1 Peter 1:10.

of. Greek. apo. App-104,

this generation. See note on Matthew 11:16.


Verse 51

Abel. Genesis 4:8. App-117.

Zacharias. See note on Matthew 23:35.

the altar. Of burnt offering,

the temple. Greek. the house: i.e. the naos, or Sanctuary. See note on Matthew 23:16,

verily. See note on Matthew 5:18.


Verse 52

key. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6, for entrance to and acquirement of knowledge. Compare Malachi 2:8.

hindered = forbade, as in Luke 9:49.


Verse 53

said = was saying.

to urge Him vehemently = to urgently press upon Him.

provoke Him to speak. Greek apostomatizo. Occurs only here. The Papyri show that from its original meaning (to dictate what was to be written) it had come to mean "to examine by questioning a pupil as to what he had been taught". Here, therefore, they were not questioning for information, but for grounds of accusation.

of = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104.

many = very many.


Verse 54

Laying wait for = watching. Only here and Acts 23:21.

catch. Both are hunting expressions.

out of. Greek ek. App-104. Not the same word as in Luke 11:24.

that, &c. T [Tr. ] WH R omit.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 11:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/luke-11.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, June 3rd, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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