Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Luke 11

Introduction

1Christ teaches us to pray, and that instantly;
11assuring us that God will give all good things to them that ask him.
14He, casting out a dumb devil, rebukes the blasphemous Pharisees;
27and shows who are blessed;
29preaches to the people;
37and reprehends the outward shew of holiness in the Pharisees, scribes, and lawyers.

Verse 1

And it came to pass, that, as he was praying in a certain place, when he ceased, one of his disciples said unto him, Lord, teach us to pray, as John also taught his disciples.
that
6:12; 9:18,28; 22:39-45; Hebrews 5:7
teach
Psalms 10:17; 19:14; Romans 8:26,27; James 4:2,3; Jude 1:20
Reciprocal: Exodus 4:12 - General1 Kings 8:54 - when Solomon;  Matthew 6:9 - this;  Luke 5:33 - and make

Verse 2

And he said unto them, When ye pray, say, Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in heaven, so in earth.
When
Ecclesiastes 5:2; Hosea 14:2; Matthew 6:6-8
Our
Isaiah 63:16; Matthew 6:9-15; Romans 1:7; 8:15; 1 Corinthians 1:3; 2 Corinthians 1:2; Galatians 1:4; Ephesians 1:2; Philippians 1:2; 4:20; Colossians 1:2; 1 Thessalonians 1:1,3; 3:11-13; 2 Thessalonians 1:1,2; 2:16
which
2 Chronicles 20:6; Psalms 11:4; Ecclesiastes 5:2; Daniel 2:28; Matthew 5:16; 10:32
Hallowed
Leviticus 10:3; 22:23; 1 Kings 8:43; 2 Kings 19:19; Psalms 57:11; 72:18,19; 108:5; Ezekiel 36:23; Habakkuk 2:14; Revelation 15:4
Thy kingdom
10:9-11; Isaiah 2:2-5; Daniel 2:44; 7:18,27; Revelation 11:15; 19:6; 20:4
Thy will
Psalms 103:20; Isaiah 6:2,3; Matthew 6:10
Reciprocal: Leviticus 22:32 - I will;  Psalm 33:14 - GeneralLuke 11:13 - heavenly;  Luke 15:18 - Father;  Acts 21:14 - The will;  Galatians 4:6 - crying;  Revelation 12:10 - the kingdom

Verses 2-4

And he said unto them, When ye pray, say, Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in heaven, so in earth.
When
Ecclesiastes 5:2; Hosea 14:2; Matthew 6:6-8
Our
Isaiah 63:16; Matthew 6:9-15; Romans 1:7; 8:15; 1 Corinthians 1:3; 2 Corinthians 1:2; Galatians 1:4; Ephesians 1:2; Philippians 1:2; 4:20; Colossians 1:2; 1 Thessalonians 1:1,3; 3:11-13; 2 Thessalonians 1:1,2; 2:16
which
2 Chronicles 20:6; Psalms 11:4; Ecclesiastes 5:2; Daniel 2:28; Matthew 5:16; 10:32
Hallowed
Leviticus 10:3; 22:23; 1 Kings 8:43; 2 Kings 19:19; Psalms 57:11; 72:18,19; 108:5; Ezekiel 36:23; Habakkuk 2:14; Revelation 15:4
Thy kingdom
10:9-11; Isaiah 2:2-5; Daniel 2:44; 7:18,27; Revelation 11:15; 19:6; 20:4
Thy will
Psalms 103:20; Isaiah 6:2,3; Matthew 6:10

Verse 3

Give us day by day our daily bread.
Give
Exodus 16:15-22; Proverbs 30:8; Isaiah 33:16; Matthew 6:11,34; John 6:27-33
day by day
or, for the day.
Reciprocal: Exodus 16:4 - a certain rate every day;  1 Kings 8:59 - at all times;  2 Kings 25:30 - a daily rate;  1 Chronicles 29:10 - our father;  Jeremiah 52:34 - every day a portion;  Daniel 1:5 - a daily;  2 Corinthians 4:16 - day by;  2 Thessalonians 3:12 - eat

Verse 4

And forgive us our sins; for we also forgive every one that is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil.
forgive us
1 Kings 8:34,36; Psalms 25:11,18; 32:1-5; 51:1-3; 130:3,4; Isaiah 43:25,26; Daniel 9:19; Hosea 14:2; Matthew 6:12; 1 John 1:8-10
for
Matthew 6:14,15; 11:25,26; 18:35; Ephesians 4:31,32; Colossians 3:13; James 2:13
lead
8:13; 22:46; Matthew 6:13; 26:41; 1 Corinthians 10:13; 2 Corinthians 12:7,8; Revelation 2:10; 3:10
but
Genesis 48:16; Psalms 121:7; John 17:15; 2 Thessalonians 3:3; 2 Timothy 4:18
Reciprocal: Luke 7:41 - a certain;  Luke 13:4 - sinners;  Luke 22:40 - Pray

Verse 5

And he said unto them, Which of you shall have a friend, and shall go unto him at midnight, and say unto him, Friend, lend me three loaves;
18:1-8
Reciprocal: Genesis 32:25 - that he;  Isaiah 62:6 - keep;  Mark 10:48 - but;  Romans 12:12 - continuing;  Ephesians 6:18 - all perseverance

Verse 6

For a friend of mine in his journey is come to me, and I have nothing to set before him?
in his journey
or, out of his way.

Verse 7

And he from within shall answer and say, Trouble me not: the door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed; I cannot rise and give thee.
Trouble
7:6; Galatians 6:17
the door
13:25; Matthew 25:10
Reciprocal: Genesis 44:26 - GeneralDeuteronomy 9:14 - Let me;  Song of Solomon 5:3 - have put;  Luke 8:49 - trouble;  3 John 1:8 - to receive

Verse 8

I say unto you, Though he will not rise and give him, because he is his friend, yet because of his importunity he will rise and give him as many as he needeth.
because of
18:1-8; Genesis 32:26; Matthew 15:22-28; Romans 15:30; 2 Corinthians 12:8; Colossians 2:1; 4:12
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:31 - GeneralGenesis 19:3 - pressed;  Genesis 19:21 - I;  Judges 14:17 - she lay;  Judges 16:16 - she pressed;  1 Samuel 1:12 - continued praying;  1 Kings 18:37 - Hear me;  2 Kings 2:17 - they urged;  Psalm 86:3 - for I;  Daniel 9:19 - forgive;  Matthew 15:25 - came;  Matthew 20:31 - but they cried;  Matthew 21:22 - GeneralLuke 18:5 - because;  Luke 18:39 - but;  John 4:10 - thou wouldest

Verse 9

And I say unto you, Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you.
I say
13:24; Matthew 6:29; 21:31; Mark 13:37; Revelation 2:24
Ask
Psalms 50:15; 118:5; Jeremiah 33:3; Matthew 7:7,8; 21:22; Mark 11:24; John 4:10; 14:13; John 15:7,16; 16:23,24; 2 Corinthians 12:8,9; Hebrews 4:16; James 1:5; 5:15; 1 John 3:22; 1 John 5:14,15
seek
13:24; Psalms 27:4,8; 34:4,10; 105:3,4; Song of Solomon 3:1-4; 5:6; Isaiah 45:19; 55:6,7; Jeremiah 29:12; Daniel 9:3; Amos 5:4-6; John 1:45-49; Acts 10:4-6; Romans 2:7; Hebrews 11:6
knock
13:25; 2 Corinthians 6:2
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 2:20 - Ask on;  Psalm 65:2 - thou;  Psalm 86:5 - unto all;  Proverbs 2:5 - shalt;  Jeremiah 13:27 - wilt;  Jeremiah 29:13 - ye shall;  Acts 8:22 - pray;  Acts 9:11 - for;  James 4:2 - because

Verse 10

For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened.
18:1; Psalms 31:22; Lamentations 3:8,18,54-58; Jonah 2:2-8; James 4:3; 5:11
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 2:20 - Ask on;  Psalm 27:4 - seek;  Psalm 65:2 - thou;  Psalm 86:5 - unto all;  Psalm 105:3 - let the heart;  Jeremiah 29:13 - ye shall;  Jeremiah 33:3 - Call;  Matthew 7:7 - and it;  Acts 9:11 - for;  1 John 5:15 - we know

Verse 11

If a son shall ask bread of any of you that is a father, will he give him a stone? or if he ask a fish, will he for a fish give him a serpent?
a son
Isaiah 49:15; Matthew 7:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 25:6 - gifts;  Deuteronomy 28:54 - his children;  Psalm 103:13 - Like;  Lamentations 3:16 - gravel;  Matthew 6:32 - for your;  Matthew 7:11 - how;  1 Timothy 5:8 - and specially;  James 5:16 - The effectual

Verse 12

Or if he shall ask an egg, will he offer him a scorpion?
offer
Gr. give. a scorpion.
10:19; Ezekiel 2:6; Revelation 9:10
Reciprocal: Psalm 103:13 - Like

Verse 13

If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?
being
Genesis 6:5,6; 8:21; Job 15:14-16; Psalms 51:5; John 3:5,6; Romans 7:18; Titus 3:3
know
Isaiah 49:15; Matthew 7:11; Hebrews 12:9,10
how
Matthew 6:30; Romans 5:9,10,17; 8:32; 2 Corinthians 3:9-11
heavenly
2; 15:30-32; Matthew 5:16,45; 6:14,32
give the
Proverbs 1:23; Isaiah 44:3,4; Ezekiel 36:27; Joel 2:28; Matthew 7:11; John 4:10; 7:37-39
Reciprocal: Numbers 20:8 - speak;  1 Samuel 17:17 - Take now;  Psalm 25:8 - teach;  Psalm 51:11 - holy;  Psalm 73:24 - Thou;  Proverbs 2:3 - if;  Ezekiel 11:19 - I will put;  Hosea 14:2 - receive;  Matthew 7:7 - and it;  Matthew 10:20 - but;  Luke 18:7 - shall;  Luke 18:19 - GeneralJohn 14:26 - Holy Ghost;  Acts 1:4 - the promise;  Acts 1:14 - all;  Romans 8:9 - if so be;  Galatians 3:14 - might;  Galatians 4:6 - God;  Ephesians 1:13 - holy;  Ephesians 5:18 - but;  Philippians 3:15 - God;  James 1:17 - good

Verse 14

And he was casting out a devil, and it was dumb. And it came to pass, when the devil was gone out, the dumb spake; and the people wondered.
Matthew 9:32,33; 12:22,23; Mark 7:32-37
Reciprocal: Isaiah 35:6 - the tongue;  Mark 9:17 - a dumb;  Mark 9:25 - thou

Verse 15

But some of them said, He casteth out devils through Beelzebub the chief of the devils.
He
Matthew 9:34; 12:24-30; Mark 3:22-30; John 7:20; 8:48,52; 10:20
Beelzebub
Gr. Beelzebul. and so.
18,19
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 1:2 - Baalzebub;  Matthew 10:25 - If;  Hebrews 12:3 - contradiction

Verses 15-23

But some of them said, He casteth out devils through Beelzebub the chief of the devils.
He
Matthew 9:34; 12:24-30; Mark 3:22-30; John 7:20; 8:48,52; 10:20
Beelzebub
Gr. Beelzebul. and so.
18,19

Verse 16

And others, tempting him, sought of him a sign from heaven.
Matthew 12:38,39; 16:1-4; Mark 8:11,12; John 6:30; 1 Corinthians 1:22
Reciprocal: Luke 20:23 - Why;  Hebrews 12:3 - contradiction

Verse 17

But he, knowing their thoughts, said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and a house divided against a house falleth.
knowing
Matthew 9:4; 12:25; Mark 3:23-26; John 2:25; Revelation 2:23
Every
2 Chronicles 10:16-19; 13:16,17; Isaiah 9:20,21; 19:2,3
Reciprocal: Luke 11:20 - the kingdom;  Luke 20:23 - he

Verse 18

If Satan also be divided against himself, how shall his kingdom stand? because ye say that I cast out devils through Beelzebub.
Satan
Matthew 12:26
ye say
15; Matthew 12:31-34; James 3:5-8
Reciprocal: Matthew 12:25 - Every kingdom

Verse 19

And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your sons cast them out? therefore shall they be your judges.
by
9:49; Matthew 12:27,28
shall
31,32; 19:22; Job 15:6; Matthew 12:41,42; Romans 3:19
Reciprocal: Mark 9:38 - Master;  Luke 11:15 - Beelzebub;  Acts 19:13 - exorcists

Verse 20

But if I with the finger of God cast out devils, no doubt the kingdom of God is come upon you.
the finger
Exodus 8:19; Matthew 12:28
the kingdom
For the destruction of the kingdom of Satan plainly implies the setting up of the kingdom of God. The reasoning of the Pharisees (ver. 17, and Mt 12:24, 25,) was not expressed, and Jesus knowing their thoughts, gave ample proof of his omniscience. This, with our Lord's masterly confutation of their reasonings, by a conclusion drawn from their own premises, one would have supposed might have humbled and convinced those men; but the most conclusive reasoning, and the most astonishing miracles, were lost upon a people who were obstinately determined to disbelieve every thing that was good relative to Jesus of Nazareth.
10:9,11; Daniel 2:44; Acts 20:25; 28:23-28; 2 Thessalonians 1:5
Reciprocal: Exodus 31:18 - the finger;  Deuteronomy 9:10 - written with;  Psalm 8:3 - work;  Zechariah 13:2 - unclean;  Acts 2:22 - which;  1 Corinthians 1:22 - the Jews;  Philippians 3:8 - doubtless;  Revelation 20:2 - he laid

Verse 21

When a strong man armed keepeth his palace, his goods are in peace:
Matthew 12:29; Mark 3:27
Reciprocal: Proverbs 11:16 - and;  Isaiah 49:24 - prey;  Jeremiah 31:11 - stronger;  Matthew 12:44 - my;  Mark 5:9 - What;  Acts 14:4 - the multitude;  Acts 26:18 - and from;  Ephesians 2:2 - the spirit;  2 Timothy 2:26 - who are

Verse 22

But when a stronger than he shall come upon him, and overcome him, he taketh from him all his armour wherein he trusted, and divideth his spoils.
Genesis 3:15; Isaiah 27:1; 49:24,25; 53:12; 63:1-4; Colossians 2:15; 1 John 3:8; 4:4; Revelation 20:1-3
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:9 - I will pursue;  Proverbs 11:16 - and;  Isaiah 9:3 - and as men;  Jeremiah 31:11 - stronger;  Matthew 12:29 - GeneralMatthew 12:44 - my;  Mark 1:26 - torn;  Luke 4:35 - thrown;  Acts 26:18 - and from

Verse 23

He that is not with me is against me: and he that gathereth not with me scattereth.
9:50; Matthew 12:30; Revelation 3:15,16
Reciprocal: Daniel 11:17 - upright ones;  Mark 9:40 - GeneralLuke 16:13 - servant

Verse 24

When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he saith, I will return unto my house whence I came out.
the unclean
Matthew 12:43-45
he walketh
Job 1:7; 2:2; 1 Peter 5:8
dry
Judges 6:37-40; Psalms 63:1; Isaiah 35:1,2,7; 41:17-19; 44:3; Ezekiel 47:8-11; Ephesians 2:2
seeking
Proverbs 4:16; Isaiah 48:22; 57:20,21
I will
Mark 5:10; 9:25
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:5 - Why have we;  1 Samuel 16:23 - Saul;  1 Samuel 19:10 - sought;  Hosea 7:16 - return;  Luke 6:49 - the ruin;  Hebrews 6:4 - it is;  2 Peter 2:20 - after

Verses 24-26

When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he saith, I will return unto my house whence I came out.
the unclean
Matthew 12:43-45
he walketh
Job 1:7; 2:2; 1 Peter 5:8
dry
Judges 6:37-40; Psalms 63:1; Isaiah 35:1,2,7; 41:17-19; 44:3; Ezekiel 47:8-11; Ephesians 2:2
seeking
Proverbs 4:16; Isaiah 48:22; 57:20,21
I will
Mark 5:10; 9:25

Verse 25

And when he cometh, he findeth it swept and garnished.
he findeth
2 Chronicles 24:17-22; Psalms 36:3; 81:11,12; 125:5; Matthew 12:44,45; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12; 2 Peter 2:10-19; Jude 1:8-13

Verse 26

Then goeth he, and taketh to him seven other spirits more wicked than himself; and they enter in, and dwell there: and the last state of that man is worse than the first.
more
Matthew 23:15
and the
Zephaniah 1:6; Matthew 12:45; John 5:14; Hebrews 6:4-8; 10:26-31; 2 Peter 2:20-22; 1 John 5:16; Jude 1:12,13
Reciprocal: Mark 9:29 - This;  Hebrews 10:39 - we are

Verse 27

And it came to pass, as he spake these things, a certain woman of the company lifted up her voice, and said unto him, Blessed is the womb that bare thee, and the paps which thou hast sucked.
Blessed
1:28,42,48
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 1:23 - son suck;  Job 29:11 - the ear;  Proverbs 7:4 - Thou;  Proverbs 23:25 - and she;  Matthew 11:6 - blessed;  Matthew 12:50 - do;  Mark 3:34 - Behold;  Luke 1:45 - blessed;  Luke 8:21 - My mother

Verse 28

But he said, Yea rather, blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it.
6:47,48; 8:21; Psalms 1:1-3; 112:1; 119:1-6; 128:1; Isaiah 48:17,18; Matthew 7:21-25; 12:48-50; John 13:17; James 1:21-25; 1 John 3:21-24; Revelation 22:14
Reciprocal: Leviticus 18:26 - keep;  Deuteronomy 5:29 - keep all;  Deuteronomy 11:27 - GeneralDeuteronomy 27:1 - Keep all;  Deuteronomy 28:1 - If thou shalt;  Deuteronomy 29:9 - GeneralJoshua 1:8 - observe;  1 Kings 10:8 - happy are these;  2 Chronicles 9:7 - GeneralPsalm 32:1 - Blessed;  Psalm 106:3 - Blessed;  Proverbs 7:1 - keep;  Proverbs 7:4 - Thou;  Proverbs 8:32 - for;  Proverbs 8:34 - watching;  Proverbs 10:17 - the way;  Proverbs 19:16 - keepeth the;  Proverbs 23:25 - and she;  Proverbs 29:18 - but;  Isaiah 2:3 - he will teach;  Isaiah 56:2 - Blessed;  Ezekiel 18:11 - that;  Ezekiel 33:31 - and they;  Matthew 5:3 - Blessed;  Matthew 7:24 - whosoever;  Matthew 11:6 - blessed;  Matthew 12:50 - do;  Matthew 25:34 - Come;  Mark 3:34 - Behold;  Luke 1:28 - blessed;  Luke 1:45 - blessed;  Luke 8:15 - keep;  John 14:21 - that hath;  Romans 10:17 - and hearing;  1 Thessalonians 2:13 - the word of God;  2 Timothy 4:7 - I have kept;  James 1:22 - be;  James 1:25 - this;  1 John 2:5 - whoso;  Revelation 1:3 - Blessed

Verse 29

And when the people were gathered thick together, he began to say, This is an evil generation: they seek a sign; and there shall no sign be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet.
when
12:1; 14:25,26
This is
50; 9:41; Isaiah 57:3,4; Matthew 3:7; 23:34-36; Mark 8:38; John 8:44; Acts 7:51,52
they
Matthew 12:38,39; 16:1-4; Mark 8:11,12; John 2:18; 6:30; 1 Corinthians 1:22
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 20:9 - This sign;  Ezekiel 24:24 - Ezekiel;  Jonah 1:1 - Jonah;  Matthew 16:4 - but

Verse 30

For as Jonas was a sign unto the Ninevites, so shall also the Son of man be to this generation.
24:46,47; Jonah 1:17; 2:10; 3:2-10; Matthew 12:40-42
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 20:9 - This sign;  Ezekiel 3:6 - of a strange speech and of an hard language;  Ezekiel 24:24 - Ezekiel;  Matthew 12:39 - no sign;  Matthew 16:1 - a sign;  Matthew 16:4 - but;  Mark 8:12 - There;  John 6:30 - What

Verse 31

The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn them: for she came from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here.
queen
1 Kings 10:1,2-13; 2 Chronicles 9:1; Matthew 12:42
rise
Isaiah 54:17; Jeremiah 3:11; Romans 2:27; Hebrews 11:7
a greater
3:22; 9:35; Isaiah 9:6,7; Colossians 1:15-19
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 4:31 - wiser;  1 Kings 10:8 - happy are these;  Luke 11:19 - shall

Verse 32

The men of Nineve shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here.
men
Jonah 3:5-10
a greater
Jonah 1:2,3; 4:1-4,9; Hebrews 7:26
Reciprocal: Jonah 1:1 - Jonah;  Jonah 3:10 - God saw;  Matthew 12:41 - men;  Matthew 12:42 - queen;  Mark 6:12 - preached;  Luke 11:19 - shall;  Ephesians 1:5 - according;  Hebrews 11:7 - he condemned

Verse 33

No man, when he hath lighted a candle, putteth it in a secret place, neither under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that they which come in may see the light.
when
8:16,17; Matthew 5:15; Mark 4:21,22
a bushel
Matthew 5:15
may see
Matthew 5:16; 10:27; John 11:9; 12:46; Philippians 2:15,16
Reciprocal: 1 Timothy 5:25 - cannot;  Revelation 11:4 - two candlesticks

Verses 33-36

No man, when he hath lighted a candle, putteth it in a secret place, neither under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that they which come in may see the light.
when
8:16,17; Matthew 5:15; Mark 4:21,22
a bushel
Matthew 5:15
may see
Matthew 5:16; 10:27; John 11:9; 12:46; Philippians 2:15,16

Verse 34

The light of the body is the eye: therefore when thine eye is single, thy whole body also is full of light; but when thine eye is evil, thy body also is full of darkness.
light of
Psalms 119:18; Matthew 6:22,23; Mark 8:18; Acts 26:18; Ephesians 1:17
single
Acts 2:46; 2 Corinthians 1:12; 11:3; Ephesians 6:5; Colossians 3:22
but
Genesis 19:11; 2 Kings 6:15-20; Psalms 81:12; Proverbs 28:22; Isaiah 6:10; 29:10; 42:19; Isaiah 44:18; Jeremiah 5:21; Mark 4:12; 7:22; Acts 13:11; Romans 11:8-10; 2 Corinthians 4:4; 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12
Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 2:13 - light;  John 9:39 - might be

Verse 35

Take heed therefore that the light which is in thee be not darkness.
Proverbs 16:25; 26:12; Isaiah 5:20,21; Jeremiah 8:8,9; John 7:48,49; 9:39-41; Romans 1:22; 2:19-23; 1 Corinthians 1:19-21; 3:18-20; James 3:13-17; 2 Peter 1:9; 2:18; Revelation 3:17
Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 2:13 - light;  Matthew 6:1 - heed;  1 Corinthians 3:10 - But let every

Verse 36

If thy whole body therefore be full of light, having no part dark, the whole shall be full of light, as when the bright shining of a candle doth give thee light.
the whole
Psalms 119:97-105; Proverbs 1:5; 2:1-11; 4:18,19; 6:23; 20:27; Isaiah 8:20; 42:16; Hosea 6:3; Matthew 13:11,12,52; Mark 4:24,25; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Ephesians 4:14; Colossians 3:16; 2 Timothy 3:15-17; Hebrews 5:14; James 1:25; 2 Peter 3:18
the bright shining of a candle
Gr. a candle by its bright shining.
Reciprocal: 2 Timothy 1:10 - and hath

Verse 37

And as he spake, a certain Pharisee besought him to dine with him: and he went in, and sat down to meat.
7:36; 14:1; 1 Corinthians 9:19-23
Reciprocal: Proverbs 23:7 - Eat;  Malachi 3:2 - who may abide;  Luke 7:34 - eating

Verse 38

And when the Pharisee saw it, he marvelled that he had not first washed before dinner.
he marvelled
Matthew 15:2,3; Mark 7:2-5; John 3:25
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 23:11 - wash himself;  Ecclesiastes 10:13 - beginning;  Matthew 15:11 - that which goeth;  Matthew 15:20 - but;  Mark 7:4 - except;  Hebrews 6:2 - the doctrine

Verse 39

And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness.
Now
Matthew 23:25; Galatians 1:14; 2 Timothy 3:5; Titus 1:15
but
16:15; Genesis 6:5; 2 Chronicles 25:2; 31:20,21; Proverbs 26:25; 30:12; Jeremiah 4:14; Matthew 12:33-35; 15:19; John 12:6; 13:2; Acts 5:3; 8:21-23; James 4:8
ravening
Psalms 22:13; Ezekiel 22:25,27; Zephaniah 3:3; Matthew 7:15
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 23:11 - wash himself;  Psalm 5:9 - inward;  Psalm 49:11 - Their inward;  Psalm 51:6 - inward;  Psalm 62:4 - inwardly;  Isaiah 50:7 - I set;  Isaiah 55:7 - his thoughts;  Ezekiel 23:36 - declare;  Ezekiel 34:7 - GeneralMatthew 3:7 - the Pharisees;  Matthew 5:20 - exceed;  Mark 7:4 - except;  Mark 7:6 - hypocrites;  Mark 10:2 - the Pharisees;  John 1:24 - were of;  John 7:7 - because;  John 9:40 - Are;  Acts 13:10 - O full;  Romans 2:29 - which;  2 Corinthians 7:1 - let

Verse 40

Ye fools, did not he that made that which is without make that which is within also?
fools
12:20; 24:25; Psalms 14:1; 75:4,5; 94:8; Proverbs 1:22; 8:5; Jeremiah 5:21; Matthew 23:17; Matthew 23:26; 1 Corinthians 15:36
did
Genesis 1:26; 2:7; Numbers 16:22; Psalms 33:15; 94:9; Zechariah 12:1; Hebrews 12:9
Reciprocal: Psalm 45:13 - all glorious;  Proverbs 30:12 - that are;  Isaiah 26:21 - also;  Isaiah 55:7 - his thoughts;  Ezekiel 13:3 - foolish;  Zechariah 11:15 - a foolish;  Matthew 5:20 - exceed;  Matthew 12:33 - GeneralMatthew 23:25 - for;  2 Corinthians 7:1 - let;  James 4:8 - purify;  1 Peter 3:4 - the hidden

Verse 41

But rather give alms of such things as ye have; and, behold, all things are clean unto you.
rather
12:33; 14:12-14; 16:9; 18:22; 19:8; Deuteronomy 15:8-10; Job 13:16-20; Psalms 41:1; Psalms 112:9; Proverbs 14:31; 19:17; Ecclesiastes 11:1,2; Isaiah 58:7-11; Daniel 4:27; Matthew 5:42; Matthew 6:1-4; 25:34-40; 26:11; Acts 9:36-39; 10:31,32; 11:29; 24:17; 2 Corinthians 8:7-9,12; 9:6-15; Ephesians 4:28; Hebrews 6:10; 13:16; James 1:27; 2:14-16; 1 John 3:16,17
of such things as ye have
or, as you are able. all.
Acts 10:15; Romans 14:14-18; 1 Timothy 4:4,5; Titus 1:15
Reciprocal: Leviticus 7:19 - GeneralLeviticus 23:22 - GeneralDeuteronomy 14:29 - that the Lord;  1 Samuel 25:8 - a good day;  Nehemiah 8:10 - send;  Esther 9:19 - gladness;  Esther 9:22 - sending portions;  Job 31:17 - have;  Proverbs 16:6 - mercy;  Ecclesiastes 3:12 - but;  Ecclesiastes 9:7 - for;  Jeremiah 22:15 - eat;  Ezekiel 18:16 - but hath;  Zechariah 14:20 - shall there;  Matthew 6:2 - when;  Matthew 25:35 - I was an;  Luke 3:11 - He that hath two;  Luke 6:30 - Give;  Luke 12:17 - shall;  Luke 14:13 - call;  Acts 2:46 - did;  1 Corinthians 10:31 - ye eat

Verse 42

But woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye tithe mint and rue and all manner of herbs, and pass over judgment and the love of God: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone.
woe
Matthew 23:13,23,27
for
18:12
and pass
Deuteronomy 10:12,13; 1 Samuel 15:22; Proverbs 21:3; Isaiah 1:10-17; 58:2-6; Jeremiah 7:2-10; Jeremiah 7:21,22; Micah 6:8; Malachi 1:6; 2:17; John 5:42; Titus 2:11,12; 1 John 4:20
and not
Leviticus 27:30-33; 2 Chronicles 31:5-10; Nehemiah 10:37; Ecclesiastes 7:18; Malachi 3:8
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 12:6 - tithes;  Joshua 11:15 - he left nothing;  Psalm 106:3 - keep;  Isaiah 1:13 - vain;  Isaiah 10:1 - Woe;  Jeremiah 23:1 - Woe;  Ezekiel 13:3 - Woe;  Zechariah 7:9 - saying;  Zechariah 11:17 - Woe;  Malachi 2:9 - but;  Matthew 5:19 - these;  Matthew 11:21 - Woe;  Matthew 22:36 - GeneralMark 12:28 - Which

Verse 43

Woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye love the uppermost seats in the synagogues, and greetings in the markets.
for
14:7-11; 20:46; Proverbs 16:18; Matthew 23:6; Mark 12:38,39; Romans 12:10; Philippians 2:3; James 2:2-4; 3 John 1:9
Reciprocal: Matthew 6:2 - in the synagogues;  Matthew 6:5 - for;  Matthew 23:13 - woe

Verse 44

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are as graves which appear not, and the men that walk over them are not aware of them.
for
Numbers 19:16; Psalms 5:9; Hosea 9:8; Matthew 23:27,28; Acts 23:3
Reciprocal: Leviticus 5:2 - hidden;  Ezekiel 39:15 - set;  Matthew 5:20 - exceed;  Matthew 16:3 - O ye;  Matthew 23:13 - woe;  Luke 12:1 - which;  Luke 14:3 - the lawyers;  1 Peter 2:1 - hypocrisies

Verse 45

Then answered one of the lawyers, and said unto him, Master, thus saying thou reproachest us also.
thou
1 Kings 22:8; Jeremiah 6:10; 20:8; Amos 7:10-13; John 7:7,48; 9:40
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 22:18 - Did I not tell;  Nehemiah 13:25 - cursed;  Jeremiah 18:18 - for the;  Malachi 2:8 - ye have caused;  Matthew 21:45 - they;  Matthew 22:35 - a lawyer;  Luke 10:25 - a certain;  Luke 14:3 - the lawyers;  John 3:20 - every;  John 9:34 - and dost;  Titus 3:13 - the lawyer

Verse 46

And he said, Woe unto you also, ye lawyers! for ye lade men with burdens grievous to be borne, and ye yourselves touch not the burdens with one of your fingers.
Woe
Isaiah 10:1; Matthew 23:2-4; Galatians 6:13
ye yourselves
Isaiah 58:6
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 13:25 - cursed;  Malachi 2:8 - ye have caused;  Matthew 22:35 - a lawyer;  Matthew 23:4 - GeneralLuke 10:25 - a certain;  Romans 2:21 - therefore;  Galatians 6:2 - Bear

Verse 47

Woe unto you! for ye build the sepulchres of the prophets, and your fathers killed them.
for
Matthew 23:29-33; Acts 7:51; 1 Thessalonians 2:15
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 24:19 - Yet he sent;  Psalm 49:13 - approve their sayings;  Isaiah 10:1 - Woe;  Jeremiah 2:30 - your own sword;  Lamentations 4:13 - that;  Ezekiel 20:4 - cause;  Ezekiel 20:18 - the statutes;  Daniel 9:16 - for the;  Matthew 5:12 - for so;  Mark 12:3 - they;  Luke 20:10 - beat;  Acts 7:52 - Which of;  Revelation 18:24 - in her

Verse 48

Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the deeds of your fathers: for they indeed killed them, and ye build their sepulchres.
ye bear
Joshua 24:22; Job 15:6; Psalms 64:8; Ezekiel 18:19
for
2 Chronicles 36:16; Matthew 21:35-38; Hebrews 11:35-38; James 5:10
Reciprocal: Numbers 32:14 - an increase;  Psalm 49:13 - approve their sayings;  Ezekiel 20:18 - the statutes;  Malachi 3:7 - from the;  Matthew 23:29 - ye build;  Acts 22:20 - consenting;  Romans 7:15 - For that;  1 Thessalonians 2:15 - killed;  Hebrews 6:6 - they crucify

Verse 49

Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute:
the wisdom
Probably by the Wisdom of God we are to understand the [logos (lo/gov)] or Word of God, that is, our Lord himself; this being a dignified and oriental mode of expression for I say, as it is in the parallel passage.
Proverbs 1:2-6; 8:1-12; 9:1-3; 1 Corinthians 1:30; Colossians 2:3
I will
24:47; Matthew 23:34; Acts 1:8; Ephesians 4:11
and some
21:16,17; Matthew 22:6; John 16:2; Acts 7:57-60; 8:1,3; 9:1,2; 12:1,2; 22:4,5; Acts 22:20; 26:10,11; 2 Corinthians 11:24,25
Reciprocal: Proverbs 1:20 - Wisdom;  Proverbs 9:3 - sent;  Matthew 10:2 - apostles;  Matthew 12:45 - Even;  Matthew 13:52 - scribe;  Matthew 24:9 - shall they;  Luke 6:13 - apostles;  Luke 21:12 - before;  Acts 15:32 - being;  Romans 12:6 - whether;  Ephesians 3:5 - as it;  2 Peter 1:1 - an apostle;  Revelation 18:20 - God

Verse 50

That the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation;
the blood
Genesis 9:5,6; Numbers 35:33; 2 Kings 24:4; Psalms 9:12; Isaiah 26:21; Revelation 18:20-24
may
Exodus 20:5; Jeremiah 7:29; 51:56
Reciprocal: Genesis 42:22 - his blood;  Genesis 43:9 - of my hand;  Psalm 10:13 - Thou;  Psalm 109:12 - favour;  Jeremiah 19:4 - filled;  Ezekiel 3:18 - but;  Ezekiel 9:9 - and the land;  Ezekiel 22:2 - bloody city;  Matthew 24:34 - This;  Luke 11:29 - This is;  Luke 21:32 - GeneralActs 5:33 - they;  Acts 8:1 - there;  1 Thessalonians 2:16 - for

Verse 51

From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which perished between the altar and the temple: verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this generation.
the blood of Abel
Genesis 4:8-11; Hebrews 11:4; 12:24; 1 John 3:12
Zacharias
2 Chronicles 24:20-22; Zechariah 1:1; Matthew 23:35
It shall
Jeremiah 7:28
Reciprocal: Genesis 42:22 - his blood;  Numbers 35:33 - it defileth;  2 Kings 11:11 - by the altar;  2 Chronicles 24:22 - The Lord;  Psalm 9:12 - When;  Psalm 10:13 - Thou;  Psalm 109:12 - favour;  Ezekiel 3:18 - but;  Matthew 5:18 - verily;  Mark 14:18 - Verily;  Luke 21:32 - General1 Thessalonians 2:16 - for;  Hebrews 11:37 - were slain

Verse 52

Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered.
for
19:39,40; Malachi 2:7; Matthew 23:13; John 7:47-52; 9:24-34; Acts 4:17,18; 5:40
hindered
or, forbad.
Reciprocal: Isaiah 10:1 - Woe;  Jeremiah 2:8 - and they that;  Ezekiel 13:3 - Woe;  Ezekiel 34:18 - to have;  Malachi 3:2 - who may abide;  Matthew 22:35 - a lawyer;  Luke 5:17 - that there;  Luke 18:39 - rebuked;  John 11:48 - all;  Acts 13:10 - wilt;  1 Corinthians 9:12 - hinder;  1 Thessalonians 2:15 - contrary;  Titus 3:13 - the lawyer;  Revelation 22:19 - take

Verse 53

And as he said these things unto them, the scribes and the Pharisees began to urge him vehemently, and to provoke him to speak of many things:
to urge
Psalms 22:12,13; Isaiah 9:12
to speak
20:20,27; Jeremiah 18:18; 20:10; 1 Corinthians 13:5
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 21:1 - provoked David;  Psalm 22:16 - compassed;  Psalm 35:21 - Yea;  Psalm 41:6 - speaketh;  Psalm 140:5 - The proud;  Ecclesiastes 10:13 - beginning;  Isaiah 29:21 - make;  Matthew 16:1 - tempting;  Matthew 19:3 - tempting;  Matthew 22:15 - how;  Mark 3:2 - GeneralMark 7:1 - The Pharisees;  Mark 8:11 - Pharisees;  Mark 9:14 - the scribes;  Mark 10:2 - the Pharisees;  Luke 4:28 - were;  Luke 6:7 - that;  Luke 12:49 - and;  Luke 14:1 - they;  Luke 20:23 - Why;  Luke 23:5 - they;  Luke 23:10 - and vehemently;  John 1:24 - were of;  John 8:6 - tempting;  John 18:19 - asked;  Acts 17:18 - encountered;  1 Thessalonians 2:15 - contrary;  Hebrews 12:3 - contradiction

Verse 54

Laying wait for him, and seeking to catch something out of his mouth, that they might accuse him.
seeking
Psalms 37:32,33; 56:5,6; Matthew 22:15,18,35; Mark 12:13 Reciprocal: 2 Kings 5:7 - see how;  2 Kings 5:23 - Be content;  Psalm 22:16 - compassed;  Psalm 35:21 - Yea;  Psalm 41:6 - speaketh;  Psalm 140:5 - The proud;  Ecclesiastes 10:13 - beginning;  Isaiah 29:21 - make;  Jeremiah 20:10 - All my familiars;  Matthew 12:10 - that;  Matthew 16:1 - tempting;  Matthew 19:3 - tempting;  Mark 3:2 - GeneralMark 7:1 - The Pharisees;  Mark 8:11 - Pharisees;  Mark 9:14 - the scribes;  Mark 10:2 - the Pharisees;  Luke 4:28 - were;  Luke 6:7 - that;  Luke 12:49 - and;  Luke 14:1 - they;  Luke 20:23 - Why;  John 8:6 - tempting;  John 18:19 - asked;  Hebrews 12:3 - contradiction

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Luke 11". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/luke-11.html.