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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Luke 14



Verse 1

it came to pass. A Hebraism. See on Luke 2:1.

as He went = in (Greek. en App-104.) His going. into. Greek. eis. App-104.

chief Pharisees = rulers of the Pharisees (App-120).

bread. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of the Part) for any kind of food.

the sabbath day = a certain Sabbath.

watched = were engaged in watching.

Verse 2

behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6.

man (App-123.1) . . . which had the dropsy = dropsical (a medical term). Occurs only here.

before Him. Not one of the guests.

Verse 3

Jesus. App-98.

unto. Greek. pros. App-104.

lawyers = doctors of the law.

Verse 4

took = took bold of. Compare Luke 20:20. 1 Timothy 6:12.

Verse 5

answered them = answering unto (Greek. pros; as in Luke 14:3) them.

an ass. All the texts read huios = a son, instead of onos = an ass, which latter has no MS. authority. In O.T. always ox and ass. Compare Exodus 23:12.

not. Greek. ou. App-105. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 8:12, Luke 8:28, Luke 8:29,

straightway = immediately.

pull . . . out = draw. . . up. The Greek word occurs only here and Acts 11:10.

Verse 6

answer again = reply.

to = as

to. Greek pros. App-101.

Verse 7

to. Greek. pros. App-104. Not the same word as in Luke 14:8.

bidden = invited or called. Greek. kaleo

chose out = were picking out. Going on before His eyes.

chief rooms = first couches. Greek protoklisia. Same as "highest room", Luke 14:8. Compare Luke 20:46. Matthew 23:6.

Verse 8

of = by. Greek hupo. App-104. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 14:28, Luke 14:33.

to. Greek. eis. App-104.

a wedding = wedding feast.

sit = recline.

not. Greek me. App-105. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 14:5, Luke 14:6, Luke 14:14, Luke 5:20, Luke 5:26, Luke 5:27, Luke 5:28, Luke 5:30.

in. Greek. eis. App-104.

Verse 9

place. Greek. topes.

begin. Compare Proverbs 25:6, Proverbs 25:7.

with. Greek. meta. App-104.

to take = to take (and keep in it).

lowest = last. Greek eschatosroom = place, as above. Compare Luke 14:22 with Luke 2:7.

Verse 10

Friend. Greek. philos, Noun of phileo. App-135.

go up = go up, forward.

Occurs only here.

worship = honour. Greek. doxa = glory.

at meat = at table.

Verse 11

For, &c. This is repeatedon two other occasions. Compare Luke 18:14 and Matthew 23:12.

abased = humbled.

Verse 12

also to him = to him also. The host.

dinner . . . supper. See note on Matthew 22:4.

call. Greek. phoneo. Compare 19. 15.

nor. Figure of speech Paradiastole (App-6), for emphasis.

neither . . . nor. Greek mede, compound of me. App-105.

bid . . . again. Greek. antikaleo. Occurs only here.

be made thee = take place, when such an one asks for gifts, not friends.

Verse 13

feast, or reception. Occurs only here and in Luke 5:29.

call. Same word as bid, Luke 14:7.

the poor. Note the Figure of speech Asyndeton (App-6), not emphasizing the particular classes, but hastening us on to the climax in Luke 14:14. Note the opposite Figure in Luke 14:21.

maimed = crippled. Only here, and Luke 14:21.

Verse 14

And thou shalt be blessed. This is the climax.

blessed = happy, Figure of speech Beatitudo, not Benedictio.

cannot = have not [wherewith to]. App-105.

at = in. Greek. en. App-104.

resurrection. App-178.

Verse 15

in. Greek. en. App-104.

the kingdom of God. See App-114.

Verse 16

made. T Tr. A Val and R read "was making". This parable is in Luke only. For the interpretation, see App-140.:17 sent. According to custom.

Verse 17

servant = bondman.

Verse 18

with one consent = from (Greek. apo. App-104. iv) one [mind],

make excuse . beg off.

a piece of ground = a field.

must needs = have need to.

go = go out (i.e. from the city). Greek. exerchomai, as in verses: Luke 14:21, Luke 14:23.

and see = to see. App-133.

I pray. App-134.

have = consider me.

Verse 19

another. App-124.

go = go forth.

prove = try.

have = hold.

Verse 20

therefore = on account of (Greek. dia) this.

cannot = am not (Greek. ou. App-105) able to.

Verse 21

shewed = reported to.

lord. App-98.

the master of the house. App-98. Note these different titles, appropriate to each case, and see App-140.

the city. Jerusalem. See App-140.

the poor. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6) in this verse, emphasizing each class (with no climax at the end). The opposite of the Figure of speech in verses: Luke 14:13, Luke 14:14.

and. This is the Figure.

halt = lame. The same word as "lame" in Luke 14:13.

Verse 22

Lord. App-98. B. Note the various titles throughout.

hast commanded = didst command,

yet = still.

Verse 23

compel = constrain. See all the nine occur here: Matthew 14:22. Mark 6:45. Acts 26:11; Acts 28:19. 2 Corinthians 12:11. Galatians 1:2, Galatians 1:3, Galatians 1:14; Galatians 6:12. Compulsion necessary, because the "will" is a fallen "will", and therefore no stronger than that of our first parents when unfallen. See Psalms 14:2, Psalms 14:3; Psalms 53:2, Psalms 53:3. John 5:40. Romans 3:10-18. Man"s fallen will has never been used for God, without the compulsion of Philippians 2:13.

may be filled. Used of loading a ship.

Verse 24

none = not (Greek. ou. App-105) one.

men. App-123. Not the same word as in verses: Luke 14:2, Luke 14:16, Luke 14:30.

Verse 26

If any. The case being assumed. App-118.

hate not. See Matthew 10:37.

life = soul. See App-110.

Verse 27

his = his own.

Verse 28

of = out of. Greek. ek. App-104. Not the same word as in Luke 14:8.

intending = desiring. See App-102.

not. App-105.

counteth = reckoneth, or calculateth. Greek psephizo. Occurs only here and in Revelation 13:18 in N.T. It is from psephos = a pebble, with which calculations were made, or votes given. Occurs only in Acts 26:10. Revelation 2:17

cost. Greek. dapane. Occurs only here.

whether. Same as "if" in Luke 14:26.

sufficient to finish it = the [means] for (Greek. pros. App-104., but the texts read eis) [its] completion. Greek. apartismos. Occurs only here.

Verse 29

the foundation = its foundation.

able = strong enough.

finish it finish it off. Greek. ekteleo. Only here and Luke 14:30.

behold. Greek. theoreo. App-133.

begin. As they see him nearing the end of his resources.

Verse 30

Saying, &c. = Saying that this man, &c. See note on Luke 4:21; Luke 19:9. Mark 14:30, &c.

Verse 31

to make war = to encounter for (Greek. eis. App-104.) war.

with = in [the midst of]. Greek en. App-104.

to meet. Greek. apantao, as in Matthew 28:9.

against. Greek. epi. App-104.

Verse 32

Greek.else = If not.

ambassage = embassy. Only here and Luke 19:14.

desireth = asketh, or seeketh. App-134.

conditions = the [terms].

of = for. Greek. pros. App-104.

Verse 33

forsaketh = taketh leave of.

he hath = himself possesses.

Verse 34

Salt, &c. See note on Matthew 5:13.

if, &c. A contingent assumption. App-118.

lost his savour = become tasteless. Compare Matthew 5:13.

wherewith = with (Greek. en App-104.) what.

seasoned. Only here, Mark 9:50. Colossians 4:6.

Verse 35

for. Greek. eis. App-104. land. App-129.

the dunghill = manure.

out = without

He that hath, &c. See App-142.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 14:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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