corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Revelation 3



Other Authors
Verse 1

unto = to.

angel . . . church. See Revelation 1:20.

Sardis. The ancient capital of Lydia. Its commercial activity attracted merchants from all parts of Asia. The remains of a vast temple to Cybele (the "mother of the gods") still exist.

seven Spirits. See Revelation 1:4.

God. App-98.

seven, &c. See Revelation 1:20.

stars. See Revelation 1:16.

a name, &c. Not suited for this dispensation of grace, for Christ"s people now live "in Him". We who were dead are now alive in Christ.

livest. See App-170.

dead. App-139.

Verse 2

Be = Become.

watchful. See Matthew 24:42.

the . . . remain = the remaining (things). App-124.

are = were, with the texts.

perfect. App-125.

Verse 3

hold fast. Greek. tereo. Same as "keep" in Revelation 1:3.

repent. See Revelation 2:5.

on thee. The texts omit.

as, &c. See Revelation 16:15. 1 Thessalonians 5:2. 2 Peter 3:10.

know. App-132. These words are not addressed to the members of the "church which is His body" (Ephesians 1:22, Ephesians 1:23). See 2 Thessalonians 2:1. 1 Timothy 3:16. We do not "watch" for the "thief", but "wait" for the Lord.

Verse 4

Thou. The texts read "But thou".

even. The texts omit.

have, &c. = defiled not.

defiled. Greek. moluno. Only here; Revelation 14:4. 1 Corinthians 8:7. The noun Occurs only in 2 Corinthians 7:1.

garments. Greek. himation. First of seven occurances: (see App-197) in Rev.

worthy. See App-197.

Verse 5

overcometh. See Revelation 2:7.

the same. The texts read "thus".

blot out. Occurances: Revelation 7:17; Revelation 21:4 (wipe away). Acts 3:19. Colossians 2:14.

book, &c. See Philippians 4:3.

life. App-170.

but = and.

confess, &c. See Matthew 10:32.

Father. App-98.

Verse 6

He, &c. See Revelation 2:7.

Verse 7

Philadelphia. About thirty miles south-east of Sardis. Very little known of it beyond a few references in Pliny, but the Greek name indicates a Macedonian population.

Holy = The Holy One. See Revelation 4:8. Compare Hosea 11:9, &c. The Greek hagios occurs twenty-six times in Rev. See App-197.

True. App-175.

key of David. See Isaiah 22:22.

no man = no one. Greek. oudeis.

Verse 8

behold. App-133.

set = given.

strength App-172.1; Revelation 176:1.

hast kept = didst keep. Same word as "hold fast", Revelation 3:3.

word App-121.

hast not denied = didst not deny.

My name. In opposition to confessing (See Revelation 2:13) the name of the beast, Revelation 13:17; Revelation 14:9, Revelation 14:11, Revelation 14:12.

Verse 9

will make = give.

synagogue, &c. See Revelation 2:9.

Satan. App-19, and See Revelation 2:9.

Jews. See Revelation 2:9.

make. i.e. compel.

worship. Greek. proskuneo. App-137. Occurs twenty-four times (App-10) in Rev. Twelve times connected with worship of God, eleven times with worship of Satan and the beast, and here.

have. Omit.

loved. App-135.

Verse 10

temptation = trial. Greek. peirasmos. Only occurrence in Rev.

shall = is about to.

world. App-129.

try = test. Greek. peirazo. Here, and Revelation 2:2, Revelation 2:10.

earth. App-129. Compare Zephaniah 1:14-18.

Verse 11

Behold. Omit.

hold . . . fast. Same Greek. word as Revelation 2:1, Revelation 2:13, Revelation 2:14, Revelation 2:15, Revelation 2:25, not as Revelation 3:3.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

no rnan = no one. Greek. medeis. These words do not relate to such as through grace are perfect "in Him". See Romans 8:38, Romans 8:39.

Verse 12

Temple = sanctuary. Greek. naos. See Matthew 23:16 and App-88.

upon. App-104.

new Jerusalem. See Revelation 21:2, Revelation 21:3, Revelation 21:10. Compare Psalms 48:1, Psalms 48:2, Psalms 48:8, Psalms 48:9. Ezekiel 48:35. See App-88and App-197.4.

new, new. Greek. kainos. See Matthew 9:17.

heaven. See Matthew 6:9. Occurs fifty-two times in Rev., always in sing, save Revelation 12:12.

new name. See Revelation 14:1; Revelation 22:4. Isaiah 62:2; Isaiah 65:15. Contrast the name branded on the worshippers of the beast, Revelation 13:16; Revelation 14:11; Revelation 19:20; Revelation 20:4.

Verse 14

of, &c. = in (Greek. en) Laodicea (an important city of Phrygia, a few miles west of Colosse. Rebuilt by Antiochus II, and named after his wife, Laodice).

the Amen. A Hebrew word transliterated. See 2 Corinthians 1:20 and p. 1511.

faithful. App-150.

Witness. See p. 1511.

beginning. App-172. Compare Proverbs 8:22-31. Colossians 1:15-19.

Verse 16

lukewarm. Greek. chliaros. Only here.

will = am about to.

spue. Greek. emeo. Only here. Occurs: Isaiah 19:14 (Septuagint)

Verse 17

nothing. Greek. oudeis.

knowest. App-132.

wretched = the wretched one. See Romans 7:24, and compare Hosea 2:11; Hosea 5:15.

poor. App-127.

Verse 18

buy. The members of the church of this dispensation have nothing to buy and nothing to pay with; our salvation is the free-grace gift of God.

the. Omit.

fire. Compare Haggai 2:8. Zechariah 13:9. Malachi 3:3.

be clothed = clothe thyself.

do not appear = be not (App-105) made manifest (App-106). Compare Revelation 16:15.

see. App-133.

Verse 19

love. App-135. This is preceded by Greek. ean (App-118. a). Compare Isaiah 43:4; &c.

rebuke = convict. Greek. elencho. See John 16:8.

Verse 20

stand. Literally have taken my station.

knock. The call to the wedding feast (Revelation 19:9), to which the parables pointed, e.g. Luke 12:35-38 "when He cometh and knocketh". The popular belief that the Lord is ever knocking at the hearts of sinners is a distortion of Scripture akin to blasphemy.

any man. App-123.

sup, &c. A gracious promise to His servants (See Revelation 1:1). See Luke 12:37.

Verse 21

am set down = sat down. See Acts 2:33, Acts 2:34. Ephesians 1:20, Ephesians 1:21. Hebrews 1:8; Hebrews 8:1. The Lord now stands (Rev 1), and is about to come down in judgment.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Revelation 3:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, December 3rd, 2020
the First Week of Advent
Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology