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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Titus 1



Verse 1

servant of God. Nowhere else does Paul so designate himself

servant. App-190.,

God. App-98.

apostle. App-189.

Jesus Christ. App-98.

according to. App-104.

faith. App-150.

acknowledging = full knowledge. App-132.

truth. Greek. aletheia. Compare App-175.

after. Same as according to.

godliness. Greek. eusebeia. Compare App-137.

Verse 2

In. Greek. epi, App-101.

hope. See Titus 3:7. Compare Co Titus 1:3, Titus 1:4. 1 Timothy 1:1.

eternal. App-151.

life. App-170, I.

that cannot lie. Literally, the unlying. Greek. apseudes. Only here.

promised. Greek. epangellomai. Compare App-121Titus 5:8.

before . . . began. App-151.

Verse 3

hath. Omit.

in. No preposition.

times. Gr. kairos, the fit

season. Figure of speech Heterosis of number. App-6. See App-195.

manifested. App-106.

word. App-121.

through. Greek. en. App-104.

preaching. App-121.

is = was.

committed. App-150.

commandment. Greek. epitage. Occurs: Titus 2:16. Romans 16:26, 1 Corinthians 7:6, 1 Corinthians 7:25, 2 Corinthians 8:8. 1 Timothy 1:1.

Saviour. Greek. solter. Six times in this short Ep. Here, Titus 1:4; Titus 2:10, Titus 2:13; Titus 3:4, Titus 3:6.

Verse 4

mine own son. See 1 Timothy 1:2. mine own. App-175.

son = child. App-108.

common. Greek. koinos. Compare Acts 2:44. as. Jude 1:3.

Grace, &c. See 1 Timothy 1:2. Figure of speech Synonymia. App-6.

from. App-104.

Father. App-98.

Lord. The texts omit.

Jesus Christ. The texts read "Christ Jesus".

Verse 5

For. . . cause. Greek. charin, occurrence Titus 1:11. See Ephesians 3:1, Ephesians 3:14.

left. Greek. kataleipo. The texts read apoleipd, as 2 Timothy 4:20.

in. App-104.

Crete. The island lying in the Aegean Sea still bears the ancient name. It is about 140 miles long by about 30 wide.

that = in order that, Gr, hina,

set in order. Greek. epidiorthoo. Only here.

the . . . wanting. Literally the loft things. Compare Titus 3:13.

ordain = appoint. Greek. kathistemi. First occurrence Matthew 24:45.

elders. See Acts 20:17. Compare 1 Timothy 5:17, App-189.

in every city = city by city, Gr, kata (Ale 104. x. 2) polin.

appointed, Greek. diatasso. Occurs sixteen times, generally "command".

Verse 6

If. App-118.

any. App-123.

blameless. Greek. anenkletos. Elsewhere, Titus 1:7. 1 Corinthians 1:8. 1 Corinthians 1:22; 1 Timothy 3:10, Compare 1 Timothy 3:2.

husband, App-123.

faithful. App-150.

children. App-108.

not. App-105. IL

accused. Greek. en (App-104.) kategoria. See John 18:29,

unruly. Greek. anupotaktos, Occ, Titus 1:10, and elsewhere, 1 Timothy 1:9, Hebrews 2:8.

Verse 7

a = the

bishop. App-189.

steward, Greek. oikonomos. Occurs ten times; "steward", except Romans 16:23. Galatians 1:4, Galatians 1:2.

selfwilled. Greek. authades. Only here and 2 Peter 2:10

soon angry. Gr, orgilos. Only here.

given to wine. Greek. peroinos, Only here and 1 Timothy 3:3.

no. App-105.

striker. Greek. plektes. Only here and 1 Timothy 3:3.

given . . . lucre. Gr, aischrokerdes. Occur. 1 Timothy 8:3, 1 Timothy 8:8, and the adverb in 1 Peter 5:2. See also Titus 1:11.

Verse 8

lover of hospitality, Greek. philoxenos. Occurs: 1 Timothy 3:2. 1 Peter 4:9. The noun in Romans 12:13, and Hebrews 13:2.

lover of good men = lover of the good (thing). Greek. philegathos. Only here.

sober = right-minded. Greek. sophron, Occurs: Titus 2:2, Titus 2:5; 1 Timothy 3:2. Compare Mark 5:13.

just. App-191.

holy. Greek. hosios. See on Acts 2:27.

temperate. Greek. enkrates. Only here. See on Acts 24:23.

Verse 9

Holding fast, Greek. antechomai, Elsewhere, Matthew 6:24. Luke 16:13, 1 Thessalonians 5:11.

as. taught = according to (App-104.) the teaching (didache, occurs thirty times, always "doctrine" except here),

able, Greek. dunatos, Compare App-172.

by, Greek. en. App-104.

sound doctrine. See 1 Timothy 1:10, and ep. 2 Timothy 1:13.

doctrine. Greek. didaskalia. Occurs twenty-one times, always doctrine, save Romans 12:7 (teaching); Titus 15:4 (learning).

exhort. App-134. Read, "exhort (the believers)".

convince = convict. Greek. elenche. See Titus 1:13, and first occ, Matthew 18:15.

gainsayers = the contradicters. Occurs ten times. See first occurance: Luke 2:34.

Verse 10

and. Omit.

vain talkers. Greek. mataiologos. Only here. Compare 1 Timothy 1:6.

deceivers. Greek. phrenapates. Only hare. Not peculiar to N.T. The verb occurs Galatians 1:6, Galatians 1:3,

of. App-104.

circumcision. Those here referred to were Jewish Christians.

Verse 11

mouths . . . stopped. Greek. epistomizo. Only here.

subvert = overthrow. Greek. anatrepo. Only here and 2 Timothy 2:18.

houses = households. Greek. oikos. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject). App-6.

for . . . sake. Greek. churin, as in Titus 1:5.

filthy. Greek. aischros Only here. See Titus 1:7.

lucre"s = gain"s. Only here; Philippians 1:1, Philippians 1:21; Philippians 3:2.

Verse 12

One. App-123.

prophet. App-189. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct). App-6. To Paul, a prophet by repute only. It is supposed that the reference is to Epimenides.

The . . . bellies. Figure of speech Gnome. App-6(8).

alway. App-151.

evil. App-128.

beasts = wild beasts.

slow. Gr, argos. Occurs eight times, generally "idle".

bellies = persons. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part). App-6.

Verse 13

witness = testimony.

true. App-175.

Wherefore = on account of (Greek. dia App-104. Titus 1:2) which.

rebuke. Greek. elencho. See Titus 1:9. Occurs also Titus 2:15.

sharply. Greek. apotomos. Elsewhere only 2 Corinthians 13:10; the noun in Romans 11:22.

faith. See Titus 1:1. Here, doctrine of the gospel. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct). App-6.

Verse 14

giving heed. Greek. prosecho. Compare 1 Timothy 1:4.

Jewish fables. Compare Colossians 2:16-22. 1 Timothy 1:4.

commandments. Greek. entole,

men. App-123.

turn from. Greek. apostrepho. Compare 2 Timothy 4:4.

Verse 15

Unto . . . are pure. Figure of speech Paroemia. App-6.

Unto = To.

pure. Greek. katharos. First occurrence Matthew 5:8.

all, &c. The use of all things, i.e. meats. Compare Romans 14:14, Romans 14:20.

are. Figure of speech Ellipsis (Absolute). App-6.

defiled. Greek. miaino. Elsewhere, John 18:28. Hebrews 12:15. Jude 1:8. Compare the adjective in 2 Peter 2:10, and noun 2 Peter 2:20.

unbelieving. Greek. apistos. Compare App-150.

nothing. Greek. oudeis.

mind = understanding (Greek. nous), as in first oec. Luke 24:45.

conscience. Greek. suneidesis. First sec. John 8:9. See Acts 23:1.

Verse 16

profess. Greek. homologea. Compare Romans 10:9, Romans 10:10.

know, App-132.

in = by. No preposition.

deny. Greek. arneomai. See Titus 2:12. Compare 2 Timothy 2:12; 2 Timothy 3:5.

abominable. Greek. bdeluktos. Only here. The noun in Matthew 21:15, &c.

disobedient. Compare App-128. Titus 1:1.

unto. App-104.

good work. See Titus 2:7; Titus 3:1, Titus 3:8, Titus 3:14,

reprobate. Greek. adokimos. See Romans 1:28.


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These files are public domain.
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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Titus 1:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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