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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Titus 1

Verse 1

servant of God. Nowhere else does Paul so designate himself

servant. App-190 .,

God. App-98 .

apostle . App-189 .

Jesus Christ. App-98 .

according to . App-104 .

faith. App-150 .

acknowledging = full knowledge. App-132 .

truth . Greek. aletheia . Compare App-175 .

after . Same as according to.

godliness. Greek. eusebeia . Compare App-137 .

Verse 2

In . Greek. epi , App-101 .

hope. See Titus 3:7 . Compare Co Titus 1:3 , Tit 1:4 . 1 Timothy 1:1 .

eternal . App-151 .

life. App-170 , I.

that cannot lie. Literally, the unlying. Greek. apseudes . Only here.

promised. Greek. epangellomai . Compare App-121 Timothy 5:8 .

before . . . began. App-151 .

Verse 3

hath. Omit.

in . No preposition.

times. G r. kairos , the fit

season. Figure of speech Heterosis of number. App-6 . See App-195 .

manifested . App-106 .

word. App-121 .

through. Greek. en . App-104 .

preaching . App-121 .

is = was.

committed. App-150 .

commandment. Greek. epitage . Occurs: Tit 2:16 . Romans 16:26 , 1 Corinthians 7:6 , 1Co 7:25 , 2 Corinthians 8:8 . 1 Timothy 1:1 .

Saviour. Greek. solter . Six times in this short Ep. Here, Titus 1:4 ; Titus 2:10 , Titus 2:13 ; Titus 3:4 , Titus 3:6 .

Verse 4

mine own son. See 1 Timothy 1:2 . mine own. App-175 .

son = child. App-108 .

common . Greek. koinos . Compare Acts 2:44 . as. Jude 1:3 .

Grace, &c. See 1 Timothy 1:2 . Figure of speech Synonymia . App-6 .

from. App-104 .

Father. App-98 .

Lord. The texts omit.

Jesus Christ . The texts read "Christ Jesus".

Verse 5

For . . . cause. Greek. charin, occurrence Titus 1:11 . See Ephesians 3:1 , Ephesians 3:14 .

left. Greek. kataleipo . The texts read apoleipd, as 2 Timothy 4:20 .

in. App-104 .

Crete. The island lying in the Aegean Sea still bears the ancient name. It is about 140 miles long by about 30 wide.

that = in order that, Gr, hina ,

set in order . Greek. epidiorthoo . Only here.

the . . . wanting . Literally the loft things. Compare Titus 3:13 .

ordain = appoint. Greek. kathistemi. First occurrence Matthew 24:45 .

elders . See Acts 20:17 . Compare 1 Timothy 5:17 , App-189 .

in every city = city by city, Gr, kata (Ale 104. x. 2) polin .

appointed , Greek. diatasso . Occurs sixteen times, generally "command".

Verse 6

If . App-118 .

any . App-123 .

blameless . Greek. anenkletos . Elsewhere, Titus 1:7 . 1 Corinthians 1:8 . 1 Corinthians 1:22 ; 1 Timothy 3:10 , Compare 1 Timothy 3:2 .

husband , App-123 .

faithful . App-150 .

children. App-108 .

not. App-105 . IL

accused. Greek. en ( App-104 .) kategoria . See John 18:29 ,

unruly. Greek. anupotaktos , Occ, Titus 1:10 , and elsewhere, 1 Timothy 1:9 , Hebrews 2:8 .

Verse 7

a = the

bishop . App-189 .

steward , Greek. oikonomos . Occurs ten times; "steward", except Romans 16:23 .Galatians 1:4 , Galatians 1:2 .

selfwilled. Greek. authades . Only here and 2 Peter 2:10

soon angry . Gr, orgilos . Only here.

given to wine. Greek. peroinos , Only here and 1 Timothy 3:3 .

no . App-105 .

striker. Greek. plektes . Only here and 1 Timothy 3:3 .

given . . . lucre . Gr, aischrokerdes . Occur. 1Ti 8:3 , 1Ti 8:8 , and the adverb in 1 Peter 5:2 . See also Titus 1:11 .

Verse 8

lover of hospitality , Greek. philoxenos . Occurs: 1Ti 3:2 . 1 Peter 4:9 . The noun in Romans 12:13 , and Hebrews 13:2 .

lover of good men = lover of the good (thing). Greek. philegathos . Only here.

sober = right-minded. Greek. sophron , Occurs: Titus 2:2 , Tit 2:5 ; 1 Timothy 3:2 . Compare Mark 5:13 .

just . App-191 .

holy . Greek. hosios . See on Acts 2:27 .

temperate. Greek. enkrates . Only here. See on Acts 24:23 .

Verse 9

Holding fast, Greek. antechomai , Elsewhere, Matthew 6:24 . Luk 16:13 , 1 Thessalonians 5:11 .

as. taught = according to ( App-104 .) the teaching ( didache , occurs thirty times, always "doctrine" except here),

able , Greek. dunatos , Compare App-172 .

by , Greek. en . App-104 .

sound doctrine. See 1 Timothy 1:10 , and ep. 2 Timothy 1:13 .

doctrine. Greek. didaskalia . Occurs twenty-one times, always doctrine, save Romans 12:7 (teaching); Tit 15:4 (learning).

exhort . App-134 . Read, "exhort ( the believers) ".

convince = convict. Greek. elenche . See Titus 1:13 , and first occ, Matthew 18:15 .

gainsayers = the contradicters. Occurs ten times. See first occurance: Luke 2:34 .

Verse 10

and . Omit.

vain talkers . Greek. mataiologos . Only here. Compare 1 Timothy 1:6 .

deceivers . Greek. phrenapates . Only hare. Not peculiar to N.T. The verb occurs Galatians 1:6 , Galatians 1:3 ,

of. App-104 .

circumcision . Those here referred to were Jewish Christians.

Verse 11

mouths . . . stopped . Greek. epistomizo . Only here.

subvert = overthrow. Greek. anatrepo. Only here and 2 Timothy 2:18 .

houses = households. Greek. oikos . Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject). App-6 .

for . . . sake . Greek. churin , as in Titus 1:5 .

filthy . Greek. aischros Only here. See Titus 1:7 .

lucre's = gain's. Only here; Philippians 1:1 , Philippians 1:21 ; Philippians 3:2 .

Verse 12

One . App-123 .

prophet . App-189 . Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct). App-6 . To Paul, a prophet by repute only. It is supposed that the reference is to Epimenides.

The . . . bellies . Figure of speech Gnome . App-6 (8).

alway . App-151 .

evil. App-128 .

beasts = wild beasts.

slow . Gr, argos . Occurs eight times, generally "idle".

bellies = persons. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Part). App-6 .

Verse 13

witness = testimony.

true . App-175 .

Wherefore = on account of (Greek. dia App-104 .Titus 1:2; Titus 1:2 ) which.

rebuke . Greek. elencho . See Titus 1:9 . Occurs also Titus 2:15 .

sharply . Greek. apotomos . Elsewhere only 2 Corinthians 13:10 ; the noun in Romans 11:22 .

faith . See Titus 1:1 . Here, doctrine of the gospel. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct). App-6 .

Verse 14

giving heed . Greek. prosecho . Compare 1 Timothy 1:4 .

Jewish fables . Compare Colossians 2:16-51.2.22 . 1 Timothy 1:4 .

commandments . Greek. entole ,

men. App-123 .

turn from . Greek. apostrepho . Compare 2 Timothy 4:4 .

Verse 15

Unto . . . are pure . Figure of speech Paroemia . App-6 .

Unto = To.

pure . Greek. katharos . First occurrence Matthew 5:8 .

all , &c. The use of all things, i.e. meats. Compare Romans 14:14 , Romans 14:20 .

are . Figure of speech Ellipsis (Absolute). App-6 .

defiled . Greek. miaino . Elsewhere, John 18:28 . Hebrews 12:15 .Jude 1:8 . Compare the adjective in 2 Peter 2:10 , and noun 2 Peter 2:20 .

unbelieving . Greek. apistos . Compare App-150 .

nothing . Greek. oudeis .

mind = understanding (Greek. nous) , as in first oec. Luke 24:45 .

conscience. Greek. suneidesis . First sec. John 8:9 . See Acts 23:1 .

Verse 16

profess . Greek. homologea . Compare Romans 10:9 , Romans 10:10 .

know , App-132 .

in = by. No preposition.

deny . Greek. arneomai . See Titus 2:12 . Compare 2 Timothy 2:12 ; 2 Timothy 3:5 .

abominable . Greek. bdeluktos . Only here. The noun in Matthew 21:15 , &c.

disobedient . Compare App-128 . Titus 1:1 .

unto . App-104 .

good work . See Titus 2:7 ; Titus 3:1 , Titus 3:8 , Titus 3:14 ,

reprobate . Greek. adokimos . See Romans 1:28 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Titus 1". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/titus-1.html. 1909-1922.