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Monday, September 25th, 2023
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
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Bible Commentaries
Song of Solomon 3

Barnes' Notes on the Whole BibleBarnes' Notes


The bride relates to the chorus what appears to be an imaginary occurrence transacted in a dream (like that of Song of Solomon 5:2-8). The Targum takes this section to be typical of the wanderings of Israel after the Holy One in the wilderness, as the next Song of Solomon 3:6-11 is made to represent their entrance into the land.

Verse 1

By night - i. e., In the night-hours.

Verse 3

The city - One near the bride’s native home, possibly Shunem.

Verse 4

I held him - This begins the fourth stanza. The bride’s mother is mentioned again in Song of Solomon 6:9; Song of Solomon 8:2.

Verse 5

See Song of Solomon 2:7 note.

Verses 6-11

Daughters of Zion - So called here to distinguish them from the bride’s companions, who are always addressed by her as “daughters of Jerusalem.”

His mother - Bathsheba 1 Kings 1:11. This is the last mention of her in sacred history.

Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Song of Solomon 3". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bnb/song-of-solomon-3.html. 1870.
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