Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Song of Solomon 3

Introduction

1The church's fight and victory in temptation.
6The church glories in Christ.

Verse 1

By night on my bed I sought him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him not.
night
Psalms 4:4; 6:6; 22:2; 63:6-8; 77:2-4; Isaiah 26:9
him whom
1:7; 5:8; John 21:17; 1 Peter 1:8
I sought him, but
5:6; Job 23:8,9; Psalms 130:1,2; Isaiah 55:6; Luke 13:24
Reciprocal: Job 29:5 - the Almighty;  Psalm 63:1 - early;  Song of Solomon 5:2 - sleep;  Matthew 25:5 - they;  Mark 13:36 - he find;  Luke 11:9 - seek;  John 11:29 - General1 Corinthians 16:22 - love;  Hebrews 11:6 - diligently

Verse 2

I will rise now, and go about the city in the streets, and in the broad ways I will seek him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him not.
will rise
5:5; Isaiah 64:7; John 1:6; Matthew 26:40,41; Romans 13:11; 1 Corinthians 15:34; Ephesians 5:14
the streets
Proverbs 1:20,21; 8:2,3,34; Luke 14:21-23
I sought
Psalms 22:1,2; 42:7-9; 43:2-5; 77:7-10
Reciprocal: Job 29:5 - the Almighty;  Psalm 63:6 - GeneralPsalm 63:8 - followeth;  Song of Solomon 5:6 - I sought;  Jeremiah 5:1 - seek;  Matthew 7:7 - seek;  John 20:15 - whom

Verse 3

The watchmen that go about the city found me: to whom I said, Saw ye him whom my soul loveth?
watchmen
5:7; Isaiah 21:6-8,11,12; 56:10; 62:6; Ezekiel 3:17; 33:2-9; Hebrews 13:17
Saw
John 20:15
Reciprocal: Psalm 127:1 - the watchman;  Isaiah 52:8 - Thy;  Ezekiel 33:7 - I have;  Hosea 9:8 - watchman;  Matthew 28:9 - and held;  John 20:14 - and saw

Verse 4

It was but a little that I passed from them, but I found him whom my soul loveth: I held him, and would not let him go, until I had brought him into my mother's house, and into the chamber of her that conceived me.
but
6:12; Proverbs 8:17; Isaiah 45:19; 55:6,7; Jeremiah 29:13; Lamentations 3:25; Matthew 7:7
I held
7:5; Genesis 32:26; Proverbs 4:13; Hosea 12:3,4; Matthew 28:9; John 20:16,17; Revelation 3:11,12
I had
Isaiah 49:14-18; 54:1-3; Galatians 4:26
Reciprocal: Proverbs 13:19 - The desire;  Song of Solomon 1:4 - the king;  Song of Solomon 8:2 - bring;  Song of Solomon 8:5 - there she;  John 4:40 - they;  John 6:21 - they willingly;  John 20:14 - and saw;  1 Thessalonians 5:21 - hold;  1 Timothy 6:12 - lay

Verse 5

I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, till he please.
2:7; 8:4; Micah 4:8
Reciprocal: Psalm 48:11 - daughters;  Song of Solomon 1:13 - he shall;  Luke 23:28 - daughters;  Acts 9:36 - Dorcas

Verse 6

Who is this that cometh out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the merchant?
this
8:5; Deuteronomy 8:2; Isaiah 43:19; Jeremiah 2:2; 31:2; Revelation 12:6,14
like
Probably the clouds of incense arising from the palanquin, which seemed likepillars of smoke.
Exodus 13:21,22; Joel 2:29-31; Acts 2:18-21; Colossians 3:1,2
perfumed
1:3,13; 4:12-14; 5:5,13; 2 Corinthians 2:14-16; Philippians 4:18; Revelation 5:8
Reciprocal: Exodus 30:34 - frankincense;  Exodus 30:35 - perfume;  Judges 20:40 - a pillar;  Esther 2:12 - six months;  Psalm 45:8 - All;  Proverbs 7:17 - perfumed;  Proverbs 27:9 - Ointment;  Song of Solomon 4:10 - the smell;  Song of Solomon 6:10 - Who;  Isaiah 63:1 - is this;  Jeremiah 46:7 - Who;  Joel 2:30 - pillars;  Matthew 21:10 - Who

Verse 7

Behold his bed, which is Solomon's; threescore valiant men are about it, of the valiant of Israel.
his bed
9; *marg:; 1:16
threescore
1 Samuel 8:16; 14:52; 28:2; 1 Kings 9:22; 14:27; 2 Kings 6:17; Hebrews 1:14
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 17:10 - and they which;  2 Chronicles 12:10 - the chief;  Nehemiah 3:16 - the house;  Nehemiah 4:13 - in the lower places;  Proverbs 7:16 - decked;  Song of Solomon 8:13 - the companions

Verse 8

They all hold swords, being expert in war: every man hath his sword upon his thigh because of fear in the night.
all
Psalms 45:3; 149:5-9; Isaiah 27:3; Ephesians 6:16-18
because
Nehemiah 4:21,22; 1 Thessalonians 5:6-8
Reciprocal: Judges 3:16 - upon;  2 Chronicles 12:10 - the chief;  Nehemiah 4:13 - in the lower places;  Job 34:25 - in the

Verse 9

King Solomon made himself a chariot of the wood of Lebanon.
a chariot
or, a bed. Appiryon, rendered by Montanus, sponsarum ithalamum, "a nuptial bed;" but probably it denotes a kind of palanquin, perhaps synonymous with the Arabic farfar, a species of vehicle for women.
7; 2 Samuel 23:5; Revelation 14:6

Verse 10

He made the pillars thereof of silver, the bottom thereof of gold, the covering of it of purple, the midst thereof being paved with love, for the daughters of Jerusalem.
Psalms 87:3; 1 Timothy 3:15,16; Revelation 3:12
the midst
Romans 5:8; Ephesians 3:18,19; Revelation 1:5
Reciprocal: Luke 5:34 - the children;  Luke 23:28 - daughters

Verse 11

Go forth, O ye daughters of Zion, and behold king Solomon with the crown wherewith his mother crowned him in the day of his espousals, and in the day of the gladness of his heart.
Go
7:11; Hebrews 13:13
O ye
1:5; 2:7; Psalms 9:14; 48:11
behold
Isaiah 9:6; Matthew 12:42; Philippians 2:9-11; Hebrews 2:9; Revelation 1:7; 19:12
his mother
8:5; Colossians 1:18; Revelation 5:9,10
in the day of his
Isaiah 62:5; Jeremiah 2:2; Hosea 2:19,20; John 3:29; Revelation 19:7; 22:9,10
in the day of the
Isaiah 53:11; Jeremiah 32:41; Zephaniah 3:17; Luke 15:6,7,23,24,32; John 15:11 Reciprocal: Esther 2:18 - made a great;  Song of Solomon 4:9 - my spouse;  Isaiah 65:19 - I will;  Zechariah 6:11 - make;  Mark 2:20 - the bridegroom;  Luke 5:34 - the children

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Song of Solomon 3". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/song-of-solomon-3.html.