these are they. These not included elsewhere: showing the independence of Chronicles, Saul the son of Kish. See note on 1 Chronicles 8:33.
mighty men. Hebrew. gibbor. App-14.
could use, &c. Compare Judges 3:15; Judges 20:15, Judges 20:16.
Saul"s brethren: i.e. his fellow-tribesmen. Compare 1 Chronicles 12:29.
among the thirty. Probably another "thirty" at a later period. Ismaiah not in the list. 2 Samuel 23:24, &c.
separated themselves. Another example of how Judah came to be representative of the whole of Israel. See note on 1 Kings 12:17.
men of might. Hebrew. gibbor. App-14.
buckler. Hebrew = spear. But some codices, with one early printed edition and Syriac, read "buckler". Compare Jeremiah 46:3.
the first month. Nisan, or Abib.
overflown. Compare Joshua 3:15.
children = sons.
If ye be come, &c. A second band made David suspicious.
knit unto = one with.
wrongs = act of violence. Hebrew. hamas, not same word as 1 Chronicles 16:21.
the Spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9. came upon = clothed: i.e. clothed him with wisdom and power: i.e., employed him as His mouthpiece.
Amasai. Probably the same as Amasa, David"s nephew (1 Chronicles 2:17).
there fell some of Manasseh, beside the Gadites. See note on 1 Kings 12:17 for the strengthening of Judah and making it representative of the whole nation.
they: David and his men. See 1 Samuel 28:1, 1 Samuel 28:2; 1 Samuel 28:29.
them: the Philistines.
lords, or princes.
upon advisement = advisedly, or by counsel. Compare 1 Chronicles 21:12.
to the jeopardy of our heads. Hebrew with our heads; or, at the cost of our heads.
helped David = helped with David.
the band: i.e. the Amalekites, who had burned Ziklag during his absence. See . It is assumed that we know of this.
a great host. About 300,000 men.
word = mouth. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for what was spoken by it.
the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4.
Jehoiada. Not the high priest; for Abiathar held that office (1 Samuel 23:9; 1 Samuel 30:7).
Zadok. Probably the same as Solomon"s high priest (2 Samuel 8:17; 2 Samuel 15:29, 2 Samuel 15:35; 2 Samuel 20:25. 1 Kings 1:8, 1 Kings 1:26; 1 Kings 2:35).
kindred. Hebrew brethren. Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), "brethren" put for other relatives.
kept the ward = kept the charge. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), App-6, charge put for keeping what was commanded.
famous. Hebrew men of names.
had understanding. Understood statesmanship.
the times. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), put for what is (or ought to be) done in them.
commandment. Hebrew mouth. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6, for what is commanded by it.
Danites. So far from none being in Palestine after 1285 B.C., the tribe could send more to help David than Ephraim or Manasseh, and more than Judah, Simeon, Levi, and Benjamin put together.
on = from.
a perfect heart. In contrast with a double heart. Compare 1 Chronicles 12:33. Heart being put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject), for its desires.
one heart. See note on Psalms 133:1, and its references to 2 Samuel 19:9.
eating and drinking. A covenant generally followed by festivities (Genesis 31:44, Genesis 31:46). Compare 1 Kings 1:9.
and on camels. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton, emphasizing the fact that there were no horses.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 12". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
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