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forasmuch. Compare Genesis 35:22 ; Genesis 49:4 .
not to be reckoned, &c. = not to be enrolled in the place of the firstborn.
birthright . See note on Genesis 25:31 .
Judah prevailed. Compare Genesis 49:8 , referring to intertribal precedence.
came. Supply Figure of speech Ellipsis with "is".
chief ruler. Referring to the regal line, and the coming of the Messiah.
carried away. This was the first carrying away, and took place in 654. Compare 1 Chronicles 5:26 . The second was by Tiglath-Pileser (= Pul) in the reign of Pekah (649-629). This was the Galilee-Naphtali carrying away (2 Kings 15:29 . Isaiah 9:1 ) referred to in Matthew 4:15 . The third was the Samaria deportation in the ninth year of Hoshea and sixth of Hezekiah (611 B. c), and ended the kingdom of Israel (2 Kings 17:3-23 ; 2 Kings 18:9-12 ). It was begun by Shalmaneser and ended by Sargon (613-611).
Azaz. Some codices, with four early printed editions, read "Azan", or "Azzan".
Aroer . . . Nebo . . . Baal-meon. All east of Dead Sea. See Numbers 32:34 , Numbers 32:38 . Deuteronomy 2:36 .
Hagarites. Tracing their descent from Hagar through Ishmael. Compare 1 Chronicles 5:19 with 1 Chronicles 1:31 , and Psalms 83:6 .
children = sons.
Heber. Some codices, with two early printed editions and Septuagint, read "Hehed", mistaking Resh , ("r") for Daleth, ("d").
in Gilead: i.e. in part of it, other parts having been allotted to the halftribes of Reubenites and Manassites (Numbers 32:39-40 . Deuteronomy 3:13 .Joshua 13:31; Joshua 13:31 ).
Jotham . . . Jeroboam. Jotham (647-631) and Jeroboam II (728-687). See App-50 . Consequently, the statement here refers to consensusses at different times.
valiant men = sons of valour.
men. Hebrew. 'enosh. App-14 . These two and a half tribes, east of Jordan, chose their own portions, but were nearest to the enemy, and were the first to be carried away. Compare Lot, Genesis 13:10 , Genesis 13:11 , and Genesis 14:11 , Genesis 14:12 . Better to have our "lot" chosen for us by Jehovah (Genesis 13:14 , Genesis 13:15 ).
helped: i.e. by God (2 Chronicles 26:17 . Psalms 28:7 ). This victory should have shown them that there could have been no captivity had they obeyed God (see note on 1 Chronicles 4:43 ).
trust. Hebrew. batah. App-69 .
men. Hebrew "souls ( nephesh ) of men ( adam )". App-13 and App-14 .
until the captivity. Compare 2 Kings 15:29 ; 2Ki 17:6 ; 2 Kings 18:9-12 : i.e. that of Tiglath-pileser.
half: i.e. the half beyond Jordan.
even. Septuagint and Vulgate omit this word "even".
mighty men. Hebrew. gibbor. App-14 .
transgressed = acted faithlessly.
people = peoples.
God of Israel. Note Elohim: not Jehovah, as dealing with Gentiles; but Israel, as not forgetting His covenant-relation though stirring up enemies.
spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9 .
Pul . . . and . . . Tilgath-pilneser. Two names of one person: Pul, the original and official name in Babylon of this usurper; Tilgath, his official name in Assyria, which he assumed from an earlier king. Compare 2 Kings 15:19 .
Halah . . . Gozan. Whither the Israelites west of Jordan were deported by Sargon (2 Kings 15:29 , 2 Kings 17:6 ; 2 Kings 18:11 ).
unto this day. See note on 1 Chronicles 4:43 .
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 5". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
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