free while helping to build churches and support pastors in Uganda.
Click here to learn more!
the Lord. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .
third year: i.e. the third or last full year toward the end of the three and a half years.
famine. One of the thirteen famines mentioned in Scripture. See note on Genesis 12:10 .
governor of = governor over. Now. Figure of speech Parenthesis. App-6 .
Jezebel. The first record of using the civil power against the true religion (and by a woman). See note on Judges 4:21 .
fifty in a cave = fifty men.
Go into = Septuagint and Syriac read "Go and let us pass through".
What. ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .
wouldest deliver = art giving.
God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 .
Spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9 .
men. Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 .
before, &c. See note on 1 Kings 17:1 .
troubleth. Compare Joshua 7:25 with Joshua 6:18 , and 1 Chronicles 2:7 ,
Israel. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6 , for Israelitish people.
Carmel. Eighteen miles from Jezreel; sixteen miles from the sea. The Kishon below, but now dry. At the foot a perennial spring, with a roofed reservoir, eight feet deep. Carmel is still called "Mar-Elias".
groves = the' Asherah. See note on Exodus 34:13 .
children = sons.
How long. ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .
halt = leap. Compare 1 Kings 18:26 .
the People. Some codices read "all the people".
gods = god, as in 1 Kings 18:25 . So Revised Version.
by fire. This was Jehovah's way of showing His acceptance of the offering. See note on Genesis 4:4 .
leaped upon = leaped over. Compare 1 Kings 18:21 .
was made = had been made.
Cry aloud, &c. Figure of speech Eironeia. App-6 .
pursuing. Occurs only here.
lancets = lances. Done by Dervishes to the present day.
evening sacrifice. The usual meal offering. There was also a morning meal offering as well (Numbers 28:8 ). Compare 2 Kings 16:15 .
repaired. Carmel had been a local altar for lay (individual) offerings, but had been broken down. Compare 1 Kings 19:10 . These lay altars had no horns.
broken down: i.e. purposely.
Jacob. Some codices, with one early printed edition, and Septuagint, read "Israel", in harmony with 1 Kings 18:36 .
Israel. See note on Genesis 32:28 .
water. See note on 1 Kings 18:19 .
the wood. Septuagint adds "and they did so".
Israel , not Jacob. See note on Genesis 32:28 .
Then the fire of the LORD fell. Aram, and Septuagint read "Then fire from Jehovah fell". See note on Genesis 4:4 . "Fire of Jehovah" occurs only here and Numbers 11:1 , Numbers 11:3 .
burnt sacrifice. See App-43 .
Take = seize, lay hold of.
one = a man. Hebrew. 'Ish. App-14 .
Kishon. Compare Judges 4:13 ; Judges 5:21 .
slew. Hebrew idiom, caused them to be slain.
cast himself down. A rare word. Only here and 2 Kings 4:34 , 2 Kings 4:35 . = Kneeling, and then placing forehead on the ground.
servant = young man.
wind. Hebrew. ruach. App-9 .
hand. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6 , for power put forth.
girded. Girdles worn by all. Taken off when resting. Put on when preparing for work or journeying. See Exodus 12:11 . 2 Kings 4:29 ; 2 Kings 9:1 .Luke 12:37 ; Luke 17:8 . Acts 12:8 .
ran. For over twenty miles Elijah acted as the royal "runner" across the great plain of Esdraelon. Possibly none at hand in the king's hasty departure.
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 18". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week after Epiphany