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Saul. Note the Figure of speech Antimetabole ( App-6 ) in this verse, and the Introversion of the subjects of this chapter.
wife of Nabal . Figures of speech Epitheton and Ampliatio ( App-6 ), by which Abigail is still so called by way of explanation. See note on 1 Samuel 30:5 .
Absalom . Born in the Jubilee year, 958-957. Hence his name.
David's wife . Probably added, parenthetically, to indicate his first wife
Ish-bosheth . Ellipsis. But some codices, with three early printed editions, read "the name".
fault. Hebrew. avon, iniquity. See App-44 .
God . Hebrew. Elohim . App-4 .
as = according as.
the LORD . Hebrew. Jehovah . App-4 .
league = covenant.
behold . Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .
hand . Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), App-6 . Hand put for help given by it.
Well = Good!
her . Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate read "her" in the text.
Phaltiel. Same as Phalti (1 Samuel 25:44 ).
along weeping = weeping as he went.
do it = act.
men . Hebrew. 'enosh. App-14 .
thine heart = thy soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .
sent Abner away = let Abner go.
pursuing a troop = making a raid.
What . . . ? . . . why . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .
blood . Hebrew = bloods. Figure of speech Heterosis (of Number) = much or noble blood. ( App-6 ).
rest = recoil.
or . See note on Judges 11:31 .
falleth on the sword . Figure of speech Periphrasis ( App-6 ) for death by executioner; or, in war: commonly used where guilt of some kind is involved.
Gibeon . Compare 2 Samuel 2:13 .
bier . Hebrew. mittah, a bed; See 2 Samuel 4:7 , and compare Exodus 8:3 . The poor man's couch by day was his bed by night, and sometimes his bier.
Died . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .
a fool dieth: i.e. running into needless danger.
not bound : i.e. as a malefactor. Compare 1 Samuel 25:25 , 1 Samuel 25:26 .
fetters. Hebrew = brass, put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause) for fetters made of it. App-6 .
wicked men = "sons of ` avlah". App-44 .
meat . Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species) for food in general.
pleased them = was good in their eyes.
Know ye . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .
shall reward . Compare 1Ki 2:5 , 1 Kings 2:6 .
evil . Hebrew. ra ` a `. App-44 .
wickedness . Hebrew. ra ' a `. App-44 .
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29