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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Acts 22

Verse 1

Men, &c. See note on Acts 1:11 with Acts 7:2.

defence. Greek. apologia. Occurs eight times, here; Acts 25:16. 1 Corinthians 9:3. 2 Corinthians 7:11. Philippians 1:1, Philippians 1:7, Philippians 1:17; 2 Timothy 4:16. 1 Peter 3:15. See the verb, Acts 19:33.

Verse 2

spake . . . to = addressed. Greek. prosphoneo, as in Acts 21:40.

Hebrew. Greek. Hebrais, as in Acts 21:40.

tongue. Greek. dialektos, as in Acts 1:19.

kept, &c. = shewed silence the more.

Verse 3

verily. Texts omit.

man. Greek. aner. App-123.

in Cilicia = of Cilicia.

brought up. Greek. anatrepho. Only here and Acts 7:20, Acts 7:21.

Gamaliel. See note on Acts 5:34. Only mentioned in these two places.

taught. Greek. paideuo, to train a child (pais), instruct, chastise. See Acts 7:22. Luke 23:16, Luke 23:22.

according to. Greek. kata. App-104.

perfect manner. Literally accuracy. Greek. akribeia. Only here. Much used by medical writers.

of the fathers. Greek. patroos, pertaining to the fathers. Only here, Acts 24:14; Acts 28:17.

and was = being. Gr huparcho. See note on Luke 9:48.

zealous. See note on Acts 21:20.

toward = of, i.e. a zealot in behalf of. Compare Philippians 1:3, Philippians 1:5, Philippians 1:6.

God. App-98.

as ye, &c. This was to conciliate them. Figure of speech Protherapeia. App-6.

Verse 4

this. Emph.

way. See Acts 9:2.

unto = as far as.

the. Omit.

binding. Greek. desmeuo. Only here and Matthew 23:4.

delivering. Same as "commit" in Acts 8:3.

women. Compare Acts 8:3; Acts 9:2.

Verse 5

also, &c. = the high priest also.

bear . . . witness. Greek. martureo. See p. 1511. Same as Acts 15:8.

all the estate, &c. = the whole presbytery. Greek. presbuterion. Only here, Luke 22:66. 1 Timothy 4:14.

brethren. This means the Jewish rulers in Damascus.

went = was going.

to = unto. Greek. eis. App-104.

there. Greek. ekeise. Only here and Acts 21:3. Add "also".

for to be punished = in order that (Greek. hina) they might be punished. Greek. timoreo. Only here and Acts 26:11.

Verse 6

was come nigh = drew near.

unto = to.

noon. Greek. mesembria. Only here and Acts 8:26 (south).

suddenly. Greek. exaiphnes. See note on Acts 9:3.

shone . . . round. Greek. periastrapto. See note on Acts 9:3.

from = out of. Greek. ek. App-104.

heaven = the heaven. See note on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

light. Greek. phos. App-130.

Verse 7

ground. Greek. edaphos. Only here.

heard. See note on Acts 9:4.

Saul, Saul. See note on Acts 9:4.

Verse 8

answered. Greek. apokrinomai. App-122.

Lord. App-98.

Jesus. App-98.

of Nazareth = the Nazarene. See Acts 2:22. The Lord Himself uses the despised name.

Verse 9

with. Greek. sun. App-104.

saw = beheld. Greek. theaomai. App-133. It was no mere lightning flash. Compare "glory", Acts 22:11.

and were afraid. Omit.

heard. See note on Acts 9:7.

spake. Greek. laleo. App-121.

Verse 10

What shall I do. This question is only in this account.

Arise. Greek. anistemi. App-178.

told. Greek. laleo, as in Acts 22:9.

of = concerning. Greek. peri. App-104.

appointed. Greek. tasso. See note on Acts 13:48.

Verse 11

see. Greek. emblepo. App-133.:7.

for = from. Greek. apo. App-104.

glory. Greek. doxa. See note on John 1:14. Compare Acts 7:55.

that. Emph.

led by the hand. See note on Acts 9:8.

of = by. Greek. hupo. App-104.

were with. Greek. suneimi. Only here and Luke 9:18.

Verse 12

one = a certain. Greek. tis. App-123.

devout. Greek. eusebes. See note on Acts 10:2, but the texts read eulabes, as in Acts 2:5.

having a good report = borne witness to. Greek. matureo, as in Acts 22:5. Compare Hebrews 11:2, Hebrews 11:4, &c, Revised Version.

dwelt. Greek. katoikeo. See note on Acts 2:5.

Verse 13

Saul. Greek. Saoul, as in Acts 22:7.

receive thy sight. Literally look up. Greek. anablepo. App-133.:6.

looked up. Same word. Greek. anablepo.

Verse 14

chosen = destined. Greek. procheirizomai. Only here and Acts 26:16. Not the same as in Acts 1:2, &c.

that thou shouldest know = to know. Greek. ginosko. App-132.

will. Greek. thelema. App-102.

see. Greek. eidon. App-133.

that Just One = the Righteous One. Greek. dikaios. App-191. Compare Acts 3:14; Acts 7:52. 1 John 2:1. Figure of speech Antonomasia. App-6. Paul was thus led to avoid using any term that would excite his hearers.

shouldest hear = to hear.

the voice of His mouth = His commands. Figure of speech Idioma. App-6. Paul thus received his commission direct from the Lord Himself. Compare Galatians 1:1, Galatians 1:12.

of = out of. Gr ek. App-104.

Verse 15

His witness = a witness to Him.

witness. See Acts 1:8.

men. Greek. anthropos. App-123.

what = the things which.

seen. Greek. horao. App-133.

Verse 16

baptized. App-115. The verb is in Mid. Voice.

wash away. Greek. apolouo. App-136 and App-185.

sins. Greek. hamartia. App-128.

calling on. See note on Acts 2:21.

the name. See note on Acts 2:38.

the Lord. The texts read "of Him", i.e. His name, referring to the Righteous One.

Verse 17

was come again = returned. See Acts 9:26. Galatians 1:18. App-180.

prayed = was praying. Greek. proseuchomai. App-134.

temple. Greek. hieron. See Matthew 23:16. A point to weigh with his hearers.

trance. Greek. ekstasis. See note on Acts 10:10.

Verse 18

saying. Before "saying" supply ellipsis, "and heard Him".

quickly = with (Greek. en. App-104.) speed.

out of. Greek. ek. App-104.

receive. Greek. paradechomai. See note on Acts 16:21. Figure of speech Tapeinosis. App-6.

testimony. Greek. marturia. See note on p. 1511 and Compare Acts 1:8.

concerning. Greek. peri. App-104.

Verse 19

they = they themselves,

know. Greek. epistamai. App-132.

imprisoned = was imprisoning. Greek. phulakizo. Only here.

beat = was beating. Greek. dero. See note on Acts 5:40.

in every synagogue. Greek. kata tas sunagogas, synagogue by synagogue. Showing Paul"s systematic action.

believed. Greek. pisteuo. App-150.

Verse 20

Thy martyr Stephen = Stephen Thy witness (Greek. martur. See Acts 1:8).

shed = being poured out. Greek. ekcheo as in Acts 2:17, Acts 2:18, Acts 2:33.

consenting. Greek. suneudokeo. See note on Acts 8:1.

unto his death. The texts omit.

kept = was guarding.

raiment = garments. As in Acts 14:14.

slew. Greek. anaireo. See note on Acts 2:23.

Verse 21

send. Greek. exapostello. App-174.

Gentiles = nations. Greek. ethnos.

Verse 22

gave him audience = were listening to him. As in Acts 22:7, the verb followed by the Genitive case shows that they followed what he was saying.

word. Greek. logos. App-121. The thought of Gentiles on an equality with Jews was intolerable.


lifted up, &c. Compare Acts 2:14; Acts 14:11.

Away. See note on John 19:15.

earth. Greek. ge. App-129.

fit. Greek. katheko. Only here and Romans 1:28. To teach the Gentiles that the Messiah of the Jews was a crucified malefactor was an outrageous offence to the orthodox Jew (1 Corinthians 1:23).

Verse 23

cried out = were crying out. Greek. kraugazo. See John 18:40.

cast off. Greek. ripto.

clothes = outer garments. Greek. himation. Holding them in their hands and tossing them upward.

threw = were throwing. Greek. ballo. App-174.

Verse 24

chief captain. See note on Acts 21:31.

castle. See note on Acts 21:34.

examined. Greek. anetazo. Only here and Acts 22:29.

scourging. Greek. mastix. Here and Hebrews 11:36 translated "scourging"; in the Gospels (Mark 3:10; Mark 5:29, Mark 5:34, Luke 7:21) Translated "plague". Compare John 19:1.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

know. Greek. epiginosko. App-132.

wherefore = on account of (Greek. dia). what cause.

cried = were shouting. Greek. epiphoneo. See note on Acts 12:22.

against. Literally "at". No preposition.

Verse 25

bound. Greek. proteino, to stretch out or tie up. Only here.

thongs. Greek. himas. Here, Mark 1:7. Luke 3:16. John 1:27.

centurion. See note on Acts 21:32.

Is it = If (Greek. ei. App-118. a) it is.

scourge. Greek. mastizo. Only here. The usual word is mastigoo.

uncondemned. Greek. akatakritos. See note on Acts 16:37.

Verse 26

went. The chiliarch having given his orders, had gone to his quarters.

told. Greek. apangello. See note on Acts 16:36.

Take heed. The texts omit.

what thou doest = what art thou about to do?

Verse 28

sum. Greek. kephalaion. Only here and Hebrews 8:1. In Septuagint Leviticus 6:4. Numbers 4:2; Numbers 5:7 (principal), &c.

obtained. Greek. ktaomai. See note on Acts 1:18.

freedom. Greek. politeia = citizenship. Here and Ephesians 2:12.

born = "even born so. "

Verse 29

straightway. Greek. eutheos, as in Acts 21:30 (forthwith).

departed. See note on Acts 19:9.

should have, &c. = were about to examine.

Verse 30

On the morrow = But on the morrow.

because, &c. = wishing (Greek. boulomai. App-102.) to know.

certainty. See note on Acts 21:34.

accused. Greek. katlgoreo. Occurs nine times in Acts.

of. Greek. para. App-104, but the texts read hupo, xviii. 1.

from his bands. The texts omit.

council = the Sanhedrin. See John 11:47.

appear. The texts read "come together".

brought . . . down. Greek. katago. See note on Acts 21:3.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Acts 22". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.