Attention!
Partner with StudyLight.org as God uses us to make a difference for those displaced by Russia's war on Ukraine.
Click to donate today!

Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Ezekiel 27

Verse 1

the LORD . Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .

Verse 2

son of man . See note on Ezekiel 2:1 ,

Tyrus. See note on Ezekiel 26:2 .

Verse 3

the entry, &c. Denoting the insular Tyre.

people = peoples.

isles = coast, or maritime lands.

the Lord GOD . Hebrew. Adonai Jehovah . See note on Ezekiel 2:4 .

Verse 4

builders = sons. Compare Iea. 62. c.

Verse 5

ship boards = planks.

fir = cypress.

Senir = Mount Hermon (Deuteronomy 3:9 ).

Verse 6

the company of the Ashurites , &c. = a daughter (or branch) of the Ashurites, &c. Ginsburg thinks this clause should read, "they have made thy benches with ivory [and] box = wood (or cypress)"; reading bith'ashshurim instead of bath-'aehshurim (= a daughter, or branch of the Ashurites), dividing and pointing the words differently. See note on Ezekiel 31:3 ; and compare Isaiah 41:19 ; Isaiah 60:13 .

Chittim. Probably Cyprus.

Verse 7

Elishah. Probably the Greek AEolis: i.e. the coasts of Peloponnesus. Mentioned in Genesis 10:4 with Javan (Ionia).

Verse 8

Arvad. Now the island Er Ruad. Mentioned in 1 Macc 15:23.

mariners = rowers.

that were = they [were].

Verse 9

ancients = elders.

Gebal. Now Jebeil, on the coast between Beirut and Tripolis.

occupy = barter, or trade.

Verse 10

Lud . . . Phut. Compare Genesis 10:6 , Genesis 10:13 ,

men . Hebrew, plural of 'enosh . App-14 .

Verse 11

men = sons. Gammadims: or, valiant men.

Verse 12

Tarshish . See note on 1 Kings 10:22 .

fairs , Occurs only in this chapter, and here, seven times: verses: Ezekiel 27:12 , Ezekiel 27:14 , Ezekiel 27:16 , Ezekiel 12:19 , Ezekiel 12:22 , Ezekiel 12:27 , Eze 12:33 ("wares ").

Verse 13

Javan = Ionia. Compare Genesis 10:4 . These are named together in Genesis 10:2 .

persons = souls. Hebrew. nephesh . App-13 . Referring to the slave trade. See Revelation 18:13 .

men = mankind. Hebrew 'adam. App-14 .

Verse 14

house: Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Subject), App-6 , for descendants.

Togarmah (Genesis 10:3 ). Probably Armenia,

Verse 15

men = sons.

Verse 16

occupied = traded. Compare "occupy" in Luke 19:13 .

Verse 17

the land of Israel. Hebrew ' eretz Israel . One of three occurrences of this expression in this book with Hebrew ' eretz (27, 17, Ezekiel 40:2 , Ezekiel 47:18 ), instead of ' admath , which occurs seventeen times. See note on Ezekiel 11:17 .

Minnith . An Ammonite town not yet identified. Minyeh , south of Nebo, is suggested by Conder. Compare Judges 11:33 .

Pannag. Some article of merchandise, or name of place, not now known.

Verse 18

wine. Hebrew. yayin . App-27 .

Helbon. Now Helbon , in the mountains, thirteen miles north of Damascus.

Verse 19

Dan. Hebrew Vedan, or Wedaungoing to and fro. Hebrew. Meuzzal . Margin Meuzzal = from Uzal. Compare Genesis 10:27 .

Verse 21

occupied = were the merchants of thy hand. Compare Ezekiel 27:15 .

Verse 23

Haran. Now Harran, between the Euphrates and the Khabour ( Gen 11:35 ).

Canneh. Probably now Calneh, a Babylonian city (Genesis 10:10 ).

Eden. In Mesopotamia (2 Kings 19:12 .Isaiah 37:12 .Amos 1:5; Amos 1:5 ). Mentioned in the Inscriptions. Some suggest Aden, in Arabia. Asshur = Assyria. Chiba = tad. Now Kalwddha, near Baghdad.

Verse 26

Thy rowers. Continuing the symbol of a ship, used of Tyre in this chapter.

wind . Hebrew. ruach . App-9 .

Verse 27

occupiers = barterers, or traders.

in. A special various reading called Sevir ( App-34 ), with four early printed editions, Aramaean, Septuagint, and Syriac, omit this word "in".

company = gathered host.

Verse 28

suburbs. The root garash = to drive out or about. When used of a city it = suburbs; but, when used of the sea, it = the driving and casting about of the waves. Compare Isaiah 37:20 . It means here that the waves of the sea lash themselves at the wailing of the pilots.

Verse 31

heart = soul. Hebrew. nephesh . App-13 .

Verse 32

they . Some codices, with two early printed editions, Septuagint, and Syriac, read "their sons". the destroyed: or, the silent one.

Verse 33

wares. See note on "fairs", Ezekiel 27:12 .

Verse 34

In the time when thou shalt be broken : or, "Now thou art wrecked", with Aramaean, Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate.

Verse 36

be = become.

any more = for ever. Compare Ezekiel 26:21 .

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezekiel 27". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/ezekiel-27.html. 1909-1922.