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Woe = Ho! The third of the seven burdens.
land. beyond: i.e. land. beyond Abyssinia.
shadowing with wings = of the rustling zalzal (from zalal, to tinkle, compare Deuteronomy 28:42 ).
the sea = the Nile. So called by the inhabitants of the Sudan to-day.
bulrushes = reeds. Not the papyrus, but its companion reed, the ambach, which reaches a height of fifteen feet and has yellow flowers.
scattered and peeled = "tall and smooth-faced".
terrible. They formed the armies of "So" or Sha-baka, and are the backbone of the Anglo-Egyptian army.
whose land the rivers have spoiled: i.e. the "sudd" or swamps (hence Sudan). The Dinka and Shilluk negroes live on the floating cakes of sudd.
He =. Jehovah. See Structure, above.
the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .
cloud of dew = summer night mist. Hebrew. 'ab. Not a raincloud, which latter is never seen in harvest. Eight times rendered "thick clouds".
left. See note on "forsaken" (Isaiah 1:4 ).
fowls. beasts. Note the Alternation.
present. Hebrew shai, because of being conveyed. Only here, and Psalms 68:29 ; Psalms 76:11 .
the LORD of hosts. See note on Isaiah 1:9 .
the name. See note on Psalms 20:1 .
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 18". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/