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waters. Some codices, with three early printed editions, read "days".
swear by the name, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 6:13 ). App-92 .
the Lord. Hebrew. Jehovah.
the God of Israel. See note on Isaiah 29:23 .
in truth. See note on Isaiah 10:20 .
the former things, &c. Such as the birth of Isaac, the Exodus, &c.
thy neck, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 32:9 ).
see = look close into.
transgressor = rebel.
My name's. See note on Psalms 20:1 .
affliction = humiliation, or oppression.
For Mine own sake. Note the Figure of speech Epizeuxis , for great emphasis.
I will not give, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 20:5 ).
Jacob and Israel: i.e. the natural and spiritual seed. Some codices, with two early printed editions, read "Jacob my servant".
the first. the last. Compare Isaiah 41:4 ; Isaiah 44:6 .
spanned = stretched out.
stand up. To listen to my words.
them. Some codices, with two early printed editions, and Syriac, read "you".
him: i.e. Cyrus: Isaiah 45:1 ; Isaiah 46:10 , Isaiah 46:11 .
arm. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), for the judgment inflicted by it. Note also the Figure of speech Anthropopatheia.
I . . . I. Note the Figure of speech Epizeuxis.
not spoken in secret. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 30:11 ). Compare Isaiah 45:19 . App-92 .
and His Spirit, hath sent Me: or, hath sent both Me and His Spirit: i.e. the prophet, and His Spirit the inspirer of the message sent by Isaiah (compare Acts 28:25 ), "well spake the Holy Ghost by Isaiah", &c. Note the great doctrine of the Trinity.
Spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9 .
the Holy One of Israel. See note on Isaiah 1:4 .
O that thou hadst, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 5:29 ), Compare Psalms 81:13 . Note Figure of speech App-6 and App-92 .
peace = well-being, or prosperity.
a = the.
as the sand. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 22:17 ; Genesis 32:12 ).
His servant. See note on Isaiah 37:35 .
He led them, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 8:2 ).
caused. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 17:6 . Numbers 20:11 ). App-92 .
no peace, &c. Compare Isaiah 57:20 .
the wicked = lawless ones: i.e. the wicked in Israel.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 48". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30