Lectionary Calendar
Friday, June 21st, 2024
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
StudyLight.org has pledged to help build churches in Uganda. Help us with that pledge and support pastors in the heart of Africa.
Click here to join the effort!

Bible Commentaries
Nehemiah 8

Bullinger's Companion Bible NotesBullinger's Companion Notes

Verse 1

And = Then.

street = broad or open space. See verses: Nehemiah 8:3 , Nehemiah 8:16 , Neh 8:26 ; Nehemiah 12:30 , Nehemiah 12:37 , Nehemiah 12:40 .

the water gate. See notes on Nehemiah 3:26 with Nehemiah 5:9 .

the book = scroll. The well-known book (Deuteronomy 31:10 , Deuteronomy 31:11 ). See App-47 .

the LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. (with 'eth). App-4 .

Verse 2

Ezra the priest. It was the priest's duty at this and at all times to teach the people the Word of God. See note on Deuteronomy 17:11 ; Deuteronomy 33:10 ; and compare Malachi 2:7 .

congregation = assembly or muster.

upon the first day, &c. This was according to the requirement of Deuteronomy 31:9-12 , every seventh year. Compare Leviticus 23:23 - Nehemiah 2:5 ).

Verse 3

morning = daylight.

men. Hebrew, plural 'enosh . App-14 .

Verse 4

pulpit = high platform. Eng. "pulpit" from Latin. pulpitum, a stage of a theatre.

beside him. Thirteen priests with him: fourteen in all.

and. Some codices, with five early printed editions, omit this "and".

Verse 5

opened the book = unrolled the scroll.

in the sight = before the eyes.

stood up. In token of reverence (Judges 3:20 . Job 29:8 , Job 37:14 ).

Verse 6

God. Hebrew. Elohim. (with Art.) = the [true]God. App-4 .

Amen, Amen. Figure of speech Epizeuxis , emphasizing the great solemnity.

lifting up. Hebrew. mo'al. Occurs only here. Compare 1 Timothy 2:8 .

Verse 8

read in the book: i.e. the Hebrew text of the Pentateuch. See App-47 .

distinctly = a distinct [reading], i.e. (according to the Talmud) translating and interpreting it in the Chaldee paraphrase.

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton ( App-6 ), to emphasize each clause.

gave the sense: i.e. divided the sentences, &c, according to sense.

caused them to understand the reading: i.e. gave the traditional pronunciation of the words (which were then without the vowel points).

Verse 9

Nehemiah. He now uses the third person. This is not necessarily a sign of change of authorship.

holy. See note on Exodus 3:5 .

Verse 10

is = it [is].

joy. Chaldee. hedvah. Occurs only here, 1 Chronicles 16:27 , and Ezra 6:16 . is = that [is].

strength = defence, or refuge.

Verse 13

chief = heads.

Verse 14

found: i.e. they came to the place where direction was given.

written. See note on Exodus 17:14 , and App-47 .

children = sons.

booths. Compare Lev 28:39-43 .Deuteronomy 16:13-15 .

Verse 15

mount = hill country.

as it is written. See Leviticus 23:42 .

Verse 16

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton ( App-6 ), to mark the minuteness of the obedience.

one = man. Hebrew. 'ish. App-14 .

Verse 17

Jeshua. Another spelling of Joshua.

not . . . done so. 2 Chronicles 8:13 speaks only of the offerings required by the Law, which Solomon offered. Nothing is said th e r e of what the People did; so that there is no "discrepancy", as is alleged.

Israel. See note on 1 Kings 12:17 .

Verse 18

he. Some codices, with Syriac, read "they".

assembly = restraint: i.e. restraint from work.

manner = regulation, or ordinance. Nehemiah 9:1 Nehemiah 10:39 is parallel with Ezra 9:1 Ezra 10:44 .Ezra 4:1; Ezra 4:1 Ezra 8:36 comes between Nehemiah 8:18 with Nehemiah 9:1 . See the Table and Structure on p. 617, notes on p. 618, and App-58 .

Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Nehemiah 8". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/nehemiah-8.html. 1909-1922.
Ads FreeProfile