Attention!
Take your personal ministry to the Next Level by helping StudyLight build churches and supporting pastors in Uganda.
Click here to join the effort!

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Psalms 35

Verse 1

Plead = Contend, or strive. Note the Figure of speech Exergasia ( App-6 ) in the words "plead", "fight", "take hold", "stand up", "draw out", "stop", "say", &c.; continued in verses: Psalms 35:4 , Psalms 35:5 . Psalm probably written during and concerning the times of 1Sa 21:24 , 1Sa 21:26-27 , but it relates also to David's Son and David's Lord, the Messiah, in view of Psalms 22:0 . See the Structure on p. 721. Compare especially verses: Psalms 35:15-21 with Matthew 26:67 . Mark 14:65 .Luke 22:63 .

them that strive = my contenders.

Fight = make war.

Verse 2

shield, &c. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia.

Verse 3

stop = close up. Some render "battle axe" or "barricade".

persecute = pursue.

my soul = me (emph.) Hebrew. nephesh.

Verse 5

wind. Hebrew. ruach.

the angel of the LORD. See note on Psalms 34:7 .

Verse 7

without cause. See note on Psalms 35:19 .

net in a pit: i.e. a pit covered with a net.

Verse 10

All my bones = all the members of my body. Interpretation belongs to the speaker. The Application belongs (1) to the O.T. saints (Psalms 139:13-16 ), and (2) to the later members referred to in Ephesians 1:22 , Ephesians 1:23 ; Ephesians 2:21 ; Ephesians 4:4-16 . Note their experiences: Psalms 6:2 (vexed); Psalms 22:14 (out of joint); but "not broken" (Psalms 34:20 John 19:36 . Exodus 12:46 ); His heart broken (Psalms 69:20 ); so our hearts (Psalms 34:18 ); but not ourselves (John 10:27-29 ).

say. They speak: and always of HIM. Figure of speech Prosopopoeia , for emphasis. They all and always confess Christ as LORD (1 Corinthians 12:3 . 1 Peter 3:15 ).

who is like . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis ( App-6 ), for greater emphasis. Compare their words (Psalms 71:19 ; Psalms 73:25 ; Psalms 89:6 . 1 Samuel 2:2 .Deuteronomy 33:26 , Deuteronomy 33:27 ).

deliverest = rescuest. Compare 2 Timothy 4:18 . 2 Peter 2:9 .

poor = oppressed. Compare Psalms 34:6 .

too strong. Law too strong (Galatians 1:3 , Galatians 1:10 , Galatians 1:13 ); sin too strong (Romans 5:21 ); the world too strong (John 16:33 ); self too strong (Romans 7:24 ); death too strong (2 Timothy 1:10 ).

Verse 11

False witnesses . "Many of them". Compare Matthew 26:60 , Matthew 26:61 ; Matthew 27:40 . Mark 14:55-59 .

Verse 12

evil. Hebrew. ra'a . App-44 .

spoiling = bereaving.

Verse 13

clothing, &c. Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6 , put, by Symbol, for feelings of sorrow.

with fasting = in the Fast: i.e. on the great Day of Atonement (Leviticus 16:0 )

Verse 15

adversity = halting or falling. Compare Psalms 38:17 . Jeremiah 20:10 .

abjects = outcasts.

it. Supply Ellipsis ( App-6 ), by reading "[them]".

tear me. Hebrew. kar'u (with Ayin = '). Spelled with Aleph ( kar'u) ; it means "cry out". See note on Isaiah 11:4 .

Verse 16

hypocritical mockers in feasts. Figure of speech Ellipsis (of Repetition) = "hypocrites [at feasts] mocking at the feast". App-6 .

Verse 17

LORD*. The primitive text was Jehovah. App-4 . Altered to "Adonai" by the Sopherim. See App-32 .

My darling = My only one. See note on Psalms 22:20 .

from the lions. Compare Psalms 22:13 , Psalms 22:16 .

Verse 18

congregation = assembly, or convocation.

much = mighty.

Verse 19

that hate me. Quoted in John 15:25 .

without a cause. Note the same Greek word there ( dorean ) as in Romans 3:24 , rendered "freely", but meaning "without a cause". Compare Psalms 35:7 , and Psalms 69:4 ; Psalms 109:3 .

Verse 20

deceitful matters. Hebrew "words of frauds".

Verse 21

opened their mouth. Implying contempt.

Aha, aha. Figure of speech Epizeuxis ( App-6 ), for emphasis. See Psalms 40:15 ; Psalms 70:3 . Compare Mark 15:29 .

hath seen. Implying delight in so doing.

Verse 22

Thou hast seen. Another eye has seen.

Verse 23

judgment = vindication.

my God and my Lord. Compare John 20:28 .

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 .

Lord. Hebrew Adonai. App-4 .

Verse 24

Judge = Vindicate.

Verse 25

we = our soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 :. we have our great desire at last.

Verse 26

clothed with shame. Compare Psalms 109:29 ; Psalms 132:18 .

Verse 27

my righteous cause = my justification.

Verse 28

To the chief Musician. See App-64 .

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 35". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/psalms-35.html. 1909-1922.