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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Romans 13

Verse 1

soul. App-110 .

be subject . See Romans 8:7 .

unto = to.

higher = supreme. Greek. huperecho. Here, Philippians 1:2 , Philippians 1:3 ; Philippians 3:8 ; Php 4:7 . 1 Peter 2:13 .

powers . App-172 .

but = if ( App-118 ) not ( App-105 ).

of . App-104 . but the texts read "under", App-104 .

God . App-98 .

ordained . See Acts 13:48 .

Verse 2

resisteth. Greek. antitassomai . See Acts 18:6 .

resisteth, resist = withstand. Greek. anthistemi. See Romans 9:19 .

ordinance . See Acts 7:53 .

damnation . App-177 .

Verse 3

rulers . App-172 .

evil App-128 .

Wilt . . . power? = desirest thou not then to fear the power?

Wilt . App-102 .

do . Greek. poieo.

praise . See Romans 2:29 .

Verse 4

the = a.

minister . App-190 .

beareth = weareth. Greek. phoreo. Elsewhere, Matthew 11:8 . Joh 19:5 . 1 Corinthians 15:49 , 1 Corinthians 15:49 . James 2:3

revenger = avenger. Greek. ekdikos. Only here and 1 Thessalonians 4:6 .

to execute = for. App-104 .

upon him = to the one.

doeth = practiseth. Greek. prasso .

Verse 5

for. App-104 .Romans 13:2 .

wrath = the wrath.

for conscience sake = on account of ( App-104 .Romans 13:2; Romans 13:2 ) the conscience. See Romans 2:15 ; Romans 9:1 .Acts 23:1 .

Verse 6

for this cause . Greek. dia ( App-104 .Romans 13:2; Romans 13:2 ) touto.

pay you = ye pay. Greek. teleo . As "fulfil" in Romans 2:27 .

tribute . Greek. phoros . Tax as paid by those of another state or country. Only here; Romans 13:7 . Luke 20:22 ; Luke 23:2 .

ministers . App-190 .

attending continually = persevering. Same Greek. word in Romans 12:12 .

Verse 7

therefore . Omit.

their = the.

dues . Greek. opheile. Only here and Matthew 18:32 .

custom . That which is paid for public ends. Greek. telos . Compare Matthew 17:25 .

Verse 8

no man = no one. Greek. medeis .

but = if ( App-118 ) not ( App-105 ).

love . App-135 .

another = the other. App-124 .

fulfilled . See Romans 1:29 . App-125 .

the . Omit.

Verse 9

covet. See Romans 7:7 .

if . . . any . Greek. ei ( App-118 . a) tis ( App-123 .)

commandment . See Romans 7:8 , Romans 7:9 .

briefly comprehended = summed up. Greek. anakephalaioomai. Only here and Ephesians 1:10 .

saying . App-121 .

namely . Literally in ( App-104 .) the (saying).

neighbour . Greek. plesios .

Verse 10

Love . App-135 .

worketh . See Romans 2:10 .

ill . Greek. kak o s , translated "evil" in verses: Romans 13:3 , Romans 13:4 .

the, the. Omit.

fulfilling = fulfilment, or fulness. Greek. pleroma. See Romans 11:12 , Romans 11:25 .

Verse 11

knowing . App-132 .

time = season. Greek. kairos.

high time . Greek. hora. See 1 John 2:18 (hour).

awake = be awakened. App-178 .

out of. App-104 .

believed . See Romans 1:16 . App-150 .

Verse 12

far spent = advanced. See Luke 2:52 .Galatians 1:1 , Galatians 1:14 . 2 Timothy 2:16 ; 2 Timothy 3:9 .

at hand = drawn nigh. Compare Luke 21:28 .

cast off. See Acts 7:58 (laid down).

darkness = the darkness. See Romans 2:19 . Compare 1 Chronicles 1:13; 1 Chronicles 1:13 .

armour . See Romans 6:13 .

light = the light. App-130 . See John 1:4 , and compare 2 Corinthians 6:7 .

Verse 13

honestly = decently. Greek. euschemonos. Only here, 1 Corinthians 14:40 . 1 Thessalonians 4:12 .

rioting = revelling. Greek. komos. Only here, Galatians 1:5 , Galatians 1:21 . 1 Peter 4:3 .

wantonness = lasciviousness. Here, Mar 7:22 . 2 Corinthians 12:21 .Galatians 1:5 , Galatians 1:19 . Ephesians 4:19 . 1 Peter 4:3 . 2 Peter 2:7 , 2 Peter 2:18 . Jude 1:4 .

envying = jealousy. See Acts 5:17 .

Verse 14

Lord Jesus Christ . See Romans 1:7 .

provision . See Acts 24:2 .

the flesh . i.e. the old nature.

to . . . thereof. Literally unto ( App-104 .) lusts. See Romans 1:24 .

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Romans 13". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/romans-13.html. 1909-1922.