Attention!
Tired of seeing ads while studying? Now you can enjoy an "Ads Free" version of the site for as little as 10¢ a day.

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Romans 12

Verse 1

beseech . App-134 .

therefore . This refers to Romans 8:39 , chaps. 9-11 being a digression.

by . App-104 .Romans 12:1 .

mercies . Greek. oiktirmos. Only here, 2 Corinthians 1:3 .Philippians 1:2 , 1 Chronicles 3:12; 1 Chronicles 3:12 .Hebrews 10:28 . Compare Romans 9:15 , and Luke 6:36 . "Compassion" in the Septuagint of Lamentations 3:22 .

God . App-98 . t

hat ye = to.

present . Same as "yield", Romans 6:13 , Romans 6:19 . Compare Luke 2:22 .

acceptable = well-pleasing. Greek. euarestos. Here, Romans 12:2 ; Romans 14:18 . 2 Corinthians 5:9 . Ephesians 5:10 . Philippians 4:18 . Colossians 3:20 . Titus 2:9 . Hebrews 13:21 .

unto = to.

reasonable . Greek. logikos. Only here and 1 Peter 2:2 .

service . Greek. latreia. App-190 .

Verse 2

not . Greek. me . App-105 .

conformed . Greek. suschematizo. Only here and 1 Peter 1:14 . Compare 1 Corinthians 4:6 .

world . Greek. ai o n . App-129 .

transformed . Greek. metamorphoomai. See Matthew 17:2 .

renewing . Greek. anakainosis. Only here and Titus 3:5 . Compare Hebrews 6:6 .

your = the.

that, &c. = to (Greek. eis) your proving.

that = the.

perfect . Greek. teleios App-125 .

will . Greek. thelema. App-102 .

Verse 3

through . Greek. dia . App-104 .Romans 12:1 .

grace . Greek. charis App-184 .

man = one.

think . . . more highly = think overweeningly. Greek. huperphroneo. Only here.

than = in comparison with (Greek. para . App-104 ) what.

soberly = unto (Greek. eis) the being sober. Greek. sophroneo. Here, Mark 5:15 .Luke 8:35 . 2 Corinthians 5:13 .Titus 2:6 . 1 Peter 4:7 .

hath dealt = imparted.

every = each.

faith . Greek. pistis. App-150 .

Verse 4

members = the members.

office . See Romans 8:13 (deeds).

Verse 5

Christ . App-98 .

every one = severally. Greek. kath ' ( App-104 . x) heis .

Verse 6

Having then = But having.

gifts . Greek. charisma. App-184 .

differing . Greek. diaphoros. Only here; Hebrews 1:4 ; Hebrews 8:6 ; Hebrews 9:10 .

according to . Greek. kata . App-104 .

whether . Greek. eite . See App-118 .

proportion . Greek. analogia. Only here.

faith = the faith (Romans 12:3 ).

Verse 7

ministry = ministering. App-190 .

Verse 8

exhorteth . App-134 .

exhortation . Greek. paraklesis. See Acts 4:36 .

giveth . See Romans 1:11 .

simplicity . Greek. haplotes. Elsewhere, 2 Corinthians 1:12 ; 2Co 8:2 ; 2 Corinthians 9:11 , 2 Corinthians 9:13 ; 2 Corinthians 11:3 .Ephesians 6:5 .Colossians 3:22 .

ruleth = presideth. Greek. proistemi. Here; 1Th 5:12 . 1 Timothy 3:4 , 1Ti 3:5 , 1 Timothy 3:12 ; 1 Timothy 5:17 . Titus 3:8 , Titus 3:14 .

cheerfulness . Greek. hilarotes. Only here. The adjective in 2 Corinthians 9:7 .

Verse 9

love . App-135 .

without dissimulations = unfeigned. Greek. anupokritos. Occurances: 2 Corinthians 6:6 . 1 Timothy 1:5 . 2 Timothy 1:5 . Jam 3:17 . 1 Peter 1:22 .

Abhor = abhorring. Greek. apostugeo. Only here.

that . . . evil = the evil. App-128 .

cleave = cleaving. See Luke 15:15 .

that . . . good = the good.

Verse 10

kindly affectioned . Greek. philostorgos. Only here. Used of the affectionate regard of members of a family.

brotherly love = love for the brethren. Greek. Philadelphia. Compare 1 Peter 1:22 .

in honour . . . another . i.e. in every honourable matter leading one another on.

preferring . Greek. proegeomai. Literally to lead before. Only here.

Verse 11

slothful . Greek. okneros. Only here; Matthew 25:26 . Philippians 1:3 , Philippians 1:1 .

business . Greek. spoude , as "diligence" in Romans 12:8 .

fervent . See Acts 18:25 .

in . Dative case. No preposition.

spirit = the spirit. App-101 .

serving . App-190 .

Lord . App-98 .

Verse 12

hope = the hope. Compare 2 Timothy 2:13; 2 Timothy 2:13 .

patient . Greek. hupomeno. Compare Matthew 10:22 . 1 Corinthians 13:7 .

instant = steadfastly. See Acts 1:14 .

prayer . App-134 .

Verse 13

Distributing = Communicating. Greek. koinoneo. Sometimes translated "partake".

saints . See Romans 1:7 .

given to = pursuing.

hospitality = kindness to strangers. Greek. philoxenia. Only here and Hebrews 13:2 . The adjective in 2 Timothy 1:8; 2 Timothy 1:8 . 1 Peter 4:9 .

Verse 14

which = that.

persecute . The Same Greek. word as for "given to", Romans 12:13 .

Verse 15

Rejoice . Compare 1 Corinthians 12:26 .

Verse 16

Be . . . mind . i.e. Be in brotherly sympathy with.

mind . Greek. phroneo. See Romans 8:5 .

toward . App-104 .

high things. Compare Romans 12:3 .

condescend = literally be carried away with. Greek. sunapagomai. Only here, Galatians 1:2 , Gal 1:13 . 2 Peter 3:17 .

men . . . estate = the lowly (ones).

Be . . . conceits . Proverbs 3:7 .

Be = Become.

wise = prudent. Greek. phronimos . Occurance: Romans 11:25 .

Verse 17

no man = no one. Greek. medeis.

evil . App-128 .

for . App-104 .

Provide = Take thought beforehand. Greek. pronoeo. Only here, 2 Corinthians 8:21 . 1 Timothy 5:8 . See Proverbs 3:4 (Septuagint)

honest = good or beautiful. Greek. kalos. Occurs 102 times, generally rendered "good". Compare Luke 8:15 . 2Co 8:21 ; 2 Corinthians 13:7 . James 2:7 . 1 Peter 2:12 .

men . App-123 .

Verse 18

as . . . you = literally as is of ( App-104 .) you.

live peaceably = be at peace. Greek. eireneuo . Only here, Mark 9:50 . 2Co 13:11 . 1 Thessalonians 5:13 .

Verse 19

Dearly . Omit.

beloved . App-135 .

avenge = revenge. See Luke 18:3 .

rather . Omit.

unto = to. wrath = the wrath (i.e. of God). See Romans 1:18 .

Vengeance . Greek. ekdikesis. See Acts 7:24 .

repay = recompense. Greek. antapodidomi. See Deuteronomy 32:35 .

Lord . App-98 .

Verse 20

if, if. App-118 .

feed . Greek. psomizo. Only here and 1 Corinthians 13:3 . The noun only in John 13:26 , John 13:27 .

drink = to drink.

heap . Greek. soreuo. Only here and 2 Timothy 3:6 .

on . App-104 . Quoted from Proverbs 25:21 , Proverbs 25:22 .

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Romans 12". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/romans-12.html. 1909-1922.