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Renewed Promises of Restoration
Isaiah 54:1-6. Zion addressed as a woman whose period of barrenness and affliction is over; the desolation and reproach of the exile are to be things of the past.
7-10. From His promise of mercy to Zion Jehovah will not go back.
11-17. The re-establishment of the city. Its security from enemies.
Isaiah 55:1-7. The prophet invites mankind to those blessings which Jehovah has covenanted; and exhorts to putaway obstacles to their enjoyment.
8-13. Jehovah’s promise is sure, and great joy and glory await His people.
Isaiah 56:1-2. They that do right shall be rewarded.
3-8. In the restored Jerusalem the privileges of God’s people shall be for all without distinction.
1. Married wife] referring to the days of Jerusalem’s prosperity.
2. The figure is that of a tent which must be enlarged to take in increasing numbers (Isaiah 33:20). The ultimate fulfilment is seen in the extension of the religion of Zion so as to embrace the nations in the Christian dispensation.
3. Break forth] RV ’spread abroad.’ Make the desolate cities, etc.] (cp. Isaiah 49:8; Isaiah 58:12; Isaiah 61:4) i.e. reoccupy cities which had suffered from Babylonian invasions.
4. Shame of thy youth] i.e. desertion of Jehovah for other gods in her earlier history.
Thy widowhood] the period of the exile, when Jehovah seemed to have f orsaken her.
5. Thine husband] and therefore faithful, even though Israel may be faithless.
6. Called thee] i.e. back again to take thy place as wife.
When.. refused] RV ’when she is cast off.’
7. A small moment] i.e. during the 70 years’ exile in Babylon: cp. Isaiah 26:20.
8. In a little wrath] ’in overflowing wrath’ (RV), i.e. in transient outburst.
9. Referring to Genesis 9:11
10. Covenant.. peace] RM ’covenant of peace.’
11. The restoration of Jerusalem. Fair colours] lit. ’antimony,’ to set off their brilliancy: mentioned elsewhere as used for painting the eyelids, to enhance the brilliancy of the eyes (2 Kings 9:3 RV).
12. Windows of agates] RV ’pinnacles of rubies.’ See similar symbolism in connexion with the new Jerusalern, Tobit 13:16-17; Revelation 21:19, etc.
13. The outward splendour is to be worthy of the citizens (Jeremiah 31:34).
15. They shall surely] RV ’they may.’ This refers to Zion’s enemies. Not by me] i.e. not at Jehovah’s bidding, as was the case with Sargon and Sennacherib, who were divinely appointed instruments of chastisement: cp. Isaiah 10:5; Isaiah 37:26. For thy sake] RV ’because of thee.’
16. I have created, etc.] and therefore they cannot work against My will.
17. This is the heritage] viz. the discomfiture of their enemies. Righteousness i.e. justification in the eyes of the world through Jehovah’s faithfulness to His promises.
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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Dummelow, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 54". "Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the First Week of Advent