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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Isaiah 54

Verse 1

Sing = Shout in triumph (Isaiah 52:8 , Isaiah 52:9 . Zephaniah 3:14 ). Quoted in Galatians 1:4 , Gal 1:27 .

barren. Refers to Sarah.

break forth into singing. See note on Isaiah 14:7 .

children = sons.

desolate. See note on Isaiah 1:7 .

married wife = the husbanded one.

the Lord. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 .

Verse 2

stakes = tent-pegs.

Verse 3

Gentiles = nations.

Verse 4

Fear not. ashamed. Reference to Pentateuch (Leviticus 26:6 ). Compare Isaiah 44:16 , Isaiah 44:17 .

the shame of thy youth. Reference to Israel's days of idolatry. Compare Jeremiah 3:24 , Jeremiah 3:25 .

Verse 5

Maker. Hebrew, plural. Reference to the triune Jehovah.

the LORD of hosts. See note on 1 Samuel 1:3 . thy Redeemer = thy kinsman-Redeemer. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 48:16 . Exodus 6:6 ; Exodus 15:13 ). App-92 .

the Holy One of Israel. See note on Isaiah 1:4 .

The God of the whole earth. This is-the title connecting Jehovah with universal dominion. Compare "The Lord of the whole earth" in Joshua 3:11 , Joshua 3:13 .Zechariah 6:5 .

God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 .

Verse 6

forsaken. See note on Isaiah 1:4 .

spirit. Hebrew. ruach . App-9 .

Verse 7

gather thee = gather thee out.

Verse 8

a little wrath = in an overflow of wrath.

I hid My face. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 31:17 , Deuteronomy 31:18 ). Compare Isaiah 8:17 ; Isaiah 53:3 ; Isaiah 64:7 . See App-92 .

everlasting kindness. See note on "ancient", Isaiah 44:7 .

Verse 9

the waters of Noah. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis Chapters 6-9). See App-92 .

thee. Supply Ellipsis , "thee [for ever]". Some codices, reading one word instead of two,with Aramaean, Syriac, and Vulgate read "the days of Noah. . . .when [I sware, &c.]".

I have sworn = when I sware. Reference to Pentateuch. (Genesis 8-9). Noah is nowhere else mentioned in the O.T. except in lCh 1:4.Ezekiel 14:14-20 . See App-92 . thee. Supply Ellipsis ( App-6 ), "thee [for ever]".

Verse 12

windows = battlements. borders = boundaries.

Verse 13

all thy children, &c. Quoted in John 6:45 .

of = by. Genitive (of Origin). App-17 .

Verse 14

not. See note on "no" (Isaiah 5:8 ).

Verse 15

they: i.e. the enemies of Israel (Psalms 56:7 ; Psalms 59:4 ).

shall fall = shall be overthrown (Compare Isaiah 8:14 ).

Verse 16

I have created. Compare Isaiah 45:7 , Isaiah 45:8 .

instrument = weapon.

Verse 17

weapon. Same word as instrument (Isaiah 54:16 ).

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 54". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/isaiah-54.html. 1909-1922.