In Jeremiah 18 the special lesson was the power of God to alter at any moment the destinies of a people. Here, on the other hand, it is taught that the time may come when the only alteration must take the form of a breaking or overthrow.
1-13. Figure of the broken vessel.
1. Ancients] RV 'elders.'
2. Valley of the son of Hinnom] see on Jeremiah 7:31. East gate] Hebrew is obscure. RM 'gate of potsherds,' perhaps because refuse of this sort was thrown there.
3. Kings] the whole dynasty with their accumulated transgressions.
4. Estranged this place] i.e. alienated it from the worship of God.
6. Tophet] see on Jeremiah 7:31.
8. An hissing] see on Jeremiah 18:16.
9. This was fulfilled in the Chaldean siege of Jerusalem: see Lamentations 2:20; Lamentations 4:10.
11. Till there be no place to bury] see on Jeremiah 7:32.
13. The flat roofs were easily used as gathering places: see e.g. Judges 16:27; Nehemiah 8:16; Zephaniah 1:5.
14. This v. as introducing another address should commence a new paragraph ending with Jeremiah 20:6.
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Dummelow, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 19". "John Dummelow's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week after Epiphany