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the Week of Proper 5 / Ordinary 10
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Bible Commentaries
Jeremiah 19

Peake's Commentary on the BiblePeake's Commentary

Verses 1-15

Jeremiah 19:1 to Jeremiah 20:6 . The Earthenware Flask; Jeremiah in the Stocks.— This section seems to be editorially grouped with the last because of the further reference to pottery; the original prophecy may have been expanded in Jeremiah 19:3-9 by a later writer. It seems more natural to date these incidents after the Temple-sermon ( Jeremiah 19:7) rather than before it; in either case, in the early years of Jehoiakim. Jeremiah is to take representatives of Judah to the Valley of Hinnom ( Jeremiah 7:31), by the gate of potsherds ( mg.; i.e. where these were thrown away), that he may warn them of the punishment about to come for their introduction of alien worship, their injustice, and their sacrifice of children by fire. A new name shall be given to the valley ( Jeremiah 7:32) to denote the coming slaughter, appalling ( Jeremiah 18:16) to behold. As a symbol of this destruction, the prophet is to break the flask he has bought; deaths shall be so numerous that burials will take place even in the defiled valley ( 2 Kings 23:10) for want of room ( Jeremiah 19:11 mg.) , and the city itself shall be defiled, because of its Babylonian cults ( Jeremiah 32:29). Jeremiah repeats his warning in the Temple ( Jeremiah 19:14 f.), with the result that the responsible officer put him in the stocks. To this official Jeremiah gives a symbolic name ( Jeremiah 20:3), denoting the terror of his fate and that of his friends at the hands of the Babylonians.

Jeremiah 19:4 . estranged this place: i.e. Jerusalem, by the worship of other gods.— the blood of innocents: Jeremiah 2:34, 2 Kings 21:16; 2 Kings 24:4.

Jeremiah 19:5. Omit, with LXX, “ for burnt-offerings unto Baal” , since these offerings were made to Molech, Jeremiah 32:35, i.e. probably to Yahweh under this name; cf. Jeremiah 7:31 and the note.

Jeremiah 19:6 . Topheth, see on Jeremiah 7:31.

Jeremiah 19:7 . make void: playing on the Hebrew word for “ flask” ; cf. mg.

Jeremiah 19:8 . plagues: strokes or wounds.

Jeremiah 19:9 . cf. Deuteronomy 28:53. On the breaking of the flask, cf. Thomson, p. 641; for the significance of such symbolism, see the note on Jeremiah 13:1.

Jeremiah 19:13 . The use of the Oriental roof is described in Thomson, p. 42.

Jeremiah 20:2 . See Jeremiah 29:26, Acts 16:24; a more modern parallel in Braithwaite, The Beginnings of Quakerism, p. 197.

Bibliographical Information
Peake, Arthur. "Commentary on Jeremiah 19". "Peake's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/pfc/jeremiah-19.html. 1919.
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