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1:1 Christ, (b-5) Or, according to some authorities, 'Christ Jesus.'
4:2 (b-1) Or, perhaps, 'through those who speak lies,' &c. Otherwise, as translated in text, the Spirit identifies the speaker and the evil spirit which speaks by him, as commonly in the New Testament, and passes from one to the other.
4:3 know (c-23) Or 'acknowledge.' from the same root as 'knowledge' in ch. 2.4.
4:5 addressing (d-10) It means 'intercourse with a person,' then 'petitions and intercession;' one person speaking personally to another. (See Note, ch. 2.1, same Greek word.) The creature, fallen through Adam, belongs to the faithful, and those who know the truth, by God's speaking to them, and their freely speaking to him. This has set all on a new footing, because we have met God again, the word of God having put us into communication by grace. And the 'faithful, and those who know the truth,' have availed themselves of it, and come and enter into intercourse. It is no longer by nature, but by the word of God.
4:6 minister (e-12) Or 'servant,' diakonos , as ch. 3.8. up. (f-33) Or 'been thoroughly acquainted with.' see Luke 1:3 ; 2 Timothy 3:10 .
4:8 little, (g-8) That is, 'some small thing,' rather than 'a little time.' It is in evident contrast with 'everything.'
4:12 conduct, (h-17) Or 'conversation,' i.e. manner of life.
4:13 reading, (i-7) Or 'reading out' (to others).
4:14 of (k-4) See Note r, Hebrews 2:3 .
4:15 them, (l-9) Compare Luke 2:49 , 'be occupied in.'
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Darby, John. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34