For 10¢ a day you can enjoy ads
free while helping to build churches and support pastors in Uganda.
Click here to learn more!

Bible Commentaries

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

Hebrews 12


1:1 formerly (g-11) Or 'of old.'

Verse 1

12:1 witnesses (a-11) Witness, in English, has two senses. 'seeing, so as to bear witness,' and 'giving testimony to.' The last only I apprehend is in the Greek here. sin (b-19) Or 'the sin.' entangles (c-23) Or 'besets.' The one Greek word here represents the whole phrase, 'which so easily entangles us.'

Verse 2

12:2 stedfastly (d-2) It means, looking away from other things and fixing the eye exclusively on one. leader (e-6) See Note, Acts 3:15 . down (f-30) The perfect tense with abiding result.

Verse 3

12:3 well (g-3) 'Weigh so as to judge its value,' and sometimes in comparison with other things.

Verse 5

12:5 have (h-3) Or 'And have ye?' sons. (i-14) See Proverbs 3:11 ,Proverbs 3:12 .

Verse 7

12:7 for (k-3) Or 'as,' that is, as chastening, not as wrath. Some authorities have 'if ye endure chastening.'

Verse 8

12:8 partakers, (l-13) Metochos , see Note q at ch. 2.14.

Verse 10

12:10 holiness. (m-25) Hagiotes . See Note f at Romans 1:4 .

Verse 12

12:12 knees; (n-12) See Isaiah 35:3 .

Verse 13

12:13 feet, (o-7) See Proverbs 4:26 .

Verse 14

12:14 holiness, (p-6) Hagiasmos . See Note i at Romans 1:4 .

Verse 17

12:17 it (q-25) 'The blessing.' What he sought in Genesis 27:34 .

Verse 19

12:19 declined (r-14) As Luke 14:18 . as 'refused,' ver. 25.

Verse 20

12:20 enjoined. (s-10) See Exodus 19:13 .

Verse 22

12:22 Zion; (a-7) The words 'and' give the division of the subjects very distinctly here.

Verse 23

12:23 perfect; (b-30) The words 'made perfect' relate to 'just men,' not to 'spirits.' Compare ch. 11.40

Verse 24

12:24 new (c-7) Neos ; not the usual word for new covenant, which is kainos . Neos is 'new' in the sense of fresh, youthful. Kainos is new as wholly different. 'The new ( kainos ) man,' Ephesians 4:24 , i.e. it is not the old; neos , Colossians 3:10 , it is not grown old.

Verse 25

12:25 refuse (d-4) refused (d-17) As ver. 19, 'excusing themselves, declined.'

Verse 26

12:26 saying, (e-12) See Haggai 2:6 .

Verse 28

12:28 grace, (f-12) Or 'be thankful.' reverence (g-21) Or 'godly fear.' see Note e, ch. 5.7. serve (o-17) Latreuo , as chs. 9.9; 12.28; 13.10.

Verse 29

12:29 fire. (h-8) See Deuteronomy 4:24 ; Deuteronomy 9:3 .

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Darby, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 12". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". 1857-67.