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After this rapid survey of the past, the writer makes his great appeal. It is that we "consider Him" who is "the Author and Perfecter of faith."
The final appeals of the Epistle fall into four sections. In the first two the causes of weakening faith are recognized (verses Heb 12:4-17 ). In the third we have an epitomized statement of the arguments of encouragement (verses Heb 12:18-24 ), and, finally, we have the last appeal and warning (verses Heb 12:25-29 ).
Dealing with their suffering, the writer rather reminded them that they had not yet "resisted unto blood." Glancing at the passage we notice these words, "chastening," "chasteneth," "chastening," "chasteneth," "chastening," "chasten," "chastened," "chastening." The repetition of the word is the insistence on the recognition of a principle. It suggests discipline which is a method of fatherhood, and, though a process of pain, a means to a glorious end. Another cause of failure may be disputes or differences, hence the injunction to "follow after peace . . . and . . . sanctification." Maintenance of peace always depends on the realization of sanctification in experience.
The writer graphically states the contrast between the old and the new economy in order to strengthen faith that may be wavering. The old was filled with majesty, as the descriptive phrases prove; but those who believe in Christ are not come to these things, but rather to Mount Zion, and the realm of spiritual realization.
The ultimate exhortation of the epistle then occurs. The Epistle opened with a declaration that God had spoken, and now the writer says, "See that ye refuse not Him that speaketh."
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Morgan, G. Campbell. "Commentary on Hebrews 12". "G. Campbell Morgan Exposition on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 12 / Ordinary 17