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The first paragraph of this chapter records the first page of the history of the Church. It is seen as it began to form. The separated units of the disciples were fused into the new unity of the Church. Through this new unity God, by the Spirit, addressed Himself to the gathered multitudes. They gave expression to the wonderful works of God in sacred, ecstatic song.
This produced an effect on the city which called forth the first recorded address in the power of Pentecost. It is arresting to see in that address how the apostle first referred to the Old Testament Scriptures, and, second, showed how all their predictions were fulfilled in Jesus of Nazareth.
The result of this message was immediate and glorious. Under conviction produced by the Holy Spirit, the people asked, "What shall we do?" Peter replied, by giving clear instructions, and by testimony and exhortation, until about 3,000 souls were added.
The early Church life is described in verse Acts 2:42, in which it is said that "they continued steadfastly" in four matters: "in the apostles' teaching," in "fellowship," "in the breaking of bread," in "prayers."
The story ends with a picture of the practical realization of that early fellowship, in which these were the predominant notes: a wholesome fear, a powerful service, a mutual ministry, constant worship, a great gladness, a gracious influence, and perpetual growth.
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Morgan, G. Campbell. "Commentary on Acts 2". "Morgan's Exposition on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the First Week of Advent