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Bible Commentaries

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

Acts 2

Introduction

1:2 up; (a-21) The word means 'receiving,' but with the prefix ( ana ) 'up,' as here, it has the active sense of 'taking up.' It is so translated except in 1 Timothy 3:16 . The more passive reception is seen in Acts 3:21 , where another word is used.

Verse 1

2:1 accomplishing, (f-9) It was come and running its course of fulfilment as a feast.

Verse 2

2:2 blowing, (g-15) It is not 'wind,' but they heard blowing, as of hard breathing, for which the Greek is used. 'Blast' is too sudden and passing.

Verse 6

2:6 spread, (h-7) Or 'this voice having taken place ' but I believe what is in the text to be the sense. It was what happened at the place which brought the crowd there. it was not the mighty rushing wind being heard everywhere. The end of the verse goes to confirm this. What struck those who came was hearing their own tongues. Genesis 45:16 and Jeremiah 50:46 are examples. The rumours of Jacob's coming spread to Pharaoh's house.

Verse 16

2:16 Joel, (a-11) See Joel 2:28 .

Verse 20

2:20 appearing (b-18) Though used for 'illustrious,' 'glorious,' the Greek word has in it the sense of 'manifestation, appearing, displaying itself.' see Titus 2:11 ,Titus 2:13 . Lord (c-22) 'Jehovah;' so ver 39.

Verse 21

2:21 Lord (c-14) 'Jehovah;' so ver 39.

Verse 22

2:22 Israel, (d-3) Lit. 'Men, Israelites,' as elsewhere, cf. ch. 1.16. to (e-14) 'Borne witness to, to you,' is not agreeable English; but 'approved,' in the modern use at any rate, is not the sense, and 'among you is feeble. The manifestation or demonstration was to the Jews. The witness was borne to them objectively, to Jesus as its subject.

Verse 25

2:25 him, (f-6) See Psalms 16:8 .

Verse 26

2:26 more, (g-11) Lit. 'and more also.'

Verse 27

2:27 hades, (h-9) 'in' ( eis ) hades. see Note, Matthew 11:23 . gracious (i-15) Or 'holy,' hosios . It corresponds to the Hebrew chasid = merciful, gracious. see Note f, ch. 13.34,35; 2 Chronicles 6:42 ; and Hebrews 7:26 .

Verse 29

2:29 Brethren (k-1) As ch. 1.16.

Verse 31

2:31 hades (h-19) 'in' ( eis ) hades. see Note, Matthew 11:23 . Christ, (l-11) Or, 'of Christ. '

Verse 34

2:34 himself, (a-12) See Psalms 110:1 .

Verse 41

2:41 accepted (b-5) It means, 'to receive in full,' or 'with satisfaction;' or, as to an opinion or teaching, 'to accept and receive it as true.' see Note, Luke 8:40 .

Verse 42

2:42 teaching (c-6) As ch. 13.12; 1 Corinthians 14:26 .

Verse 46

2:46 temple (d-8) Hieron , the general buildings.

Verse 47

2:47 assembly] (e-16) See Note g, ch. 3.1. saved. (f-23) The remnant of Israel whom God was sparing. The Lord now added these to the Christian assembly. The present participle as here gives the character instead of the fact; as I might say, 'the being spared ones;' it is the class of persons God was then saving. It is not a doubt as to their being saved, nor a state, but a class. see Luke 13:23 .

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Bibliographical Information
Darby, John. "Commentary on Acts 2". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/dsn/acts-2.html. 1857-67.