Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures

Isaiah 66

Verses 1-24

Isaiah 66:1 Thus saith the LORD, The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the house that ye build unto me? and where is the place of my rest?

Isaiah 66:1Comments- In his book I Visited Heaven Julius Oyet says, "Standing there on the golden stage hand in hand with my Messiah, I could look down upon the earth and see it very clearly, and hear whatever was happening here on the earth. You can probably sense that I am finding it difficult to express and expound the mysteries of heaven and earth put together. I mean heaven and earth have such a close relationship so much that seeing with the Spiritual eyes we could see human beings the same size they are here on earth. There, I really came to understand Isaiah 66:1 which says: ‘The LORD says, "Heaven is my throne; And earth is my footstool…"' [GNB] God does not take a 21day journey to reach the earth from heaven. Neither does he have to strain to touch the earth." 93]

93] Julius Peter Oyet, I Visited Heaven (Kampala, Uganda: Bezalel Design Studio, 1997), 82.

Isaiah 66:8 Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day? or shall a nation be born at once? for as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children.

Isaiah 66:8 — "or shall a nation be born at once" - Comments- Many scholars believe that this is a direct prophecy to the birth of the nation of Israel in 1948.

Isaiah 66:8 — "for as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children" - Word Study on "travailed" - Strong says the Hebrew word "travail" ( חוּל) (H 2342) literally means, "to twist, to whirl, to dance, to writhe in pain (especially of parturition) or fear."

Scripture References - Note a similar verse:

Galatians 4:19, "My little children, of whom I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you,"

Isaiah 66:8Comments- Kenneth Hagin says that the prophecy of Isaiah 66:8 has a 2-fold application, the natural and the spiritual (or supernatural). Isaiah is prophesying that Israel will be reborn as a nation in the natural, which happened in 1948. Israel will also be reborn in the spiritual as "Zion" ( Hebrews 12:18-23). The church today dwells there. Also dwelling in this "Zion" is God, the spirits of men and Jesus. 94]

94] Kenneth Hagin, The Art of Intercession (Tulsa, Oklahoma: Faith Library Publications, c 1980, 1984), 51-52.

Hebrews 12:18-23, "For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest, And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more: (For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart: And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:) But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels, To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,"

Isaiah 66:23 And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith the LORD.

Isaiah 66:23Comments- Isaiah 66:23 is referring the new heavens and earth when mankind will enter eternity. It implies that God's children in Heaven will gather each Sabbath day around the throne and worship before the Lord. There will be particular festivals upon the new moons. Song of Solomon, although time will be no more as we know it on earth, we will observe monthly and weekly festivals. We will serve the Lord for six days and come to worship Him on the seventh.

Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look upon the carcases of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die, neither shall their fire be quenched; and they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh.

Isaiah 66:24Word Study on "the carcases" - Strong says the Hebrew word "carcases" "peger" ( פֶּגֶר) (H 6297) means, "a carcass (as limp) whether man or beast," and figuratively, "an image." He says this word comes from the primitive root ( פָּגַר) (H 6296), which means, "to relax, to be exhausted." The Enhanced Strong says it is used 22times in the Old Testament, being translated in the KJV as "carcase 14, dead body 6, corpse 2."

Comments- I believe that the Scriptures use this word to describe the appearance of those who are burning in the flames of hell. Mary Baxter's description of those people in Hell comes close to the meaning of "carcasses" because although they are alive, they look like corpses:

"We had not walked far when Jesus stopped in front of another cell. As we looked in, a light came on. (Jesus made the light.) I stood and looked at a soul that I knew was in great torment! It was another woman, and she was a blue-gray color. Her flesh was dead, and the parts that had decayed were falling off the bones. Her bones were all burned to a deep black, and she had on bits and pieces of ragged clothes. Worms were crawling out of her flesh and bones. A dirty odor filled the cell." 95]

95] Mary K. Baxter, A Divine Revelation of Hell (Springdale, Pennsylvania: Whitaker House, 1993), 89-90.

Isaiah 66:24Word Study on "worm" - Strong says the Hebrew word "worm" "towla" ( תֹּולָע) (H 8438) means, "a worm, a maggot," or "scarlet crimson." The Enhanced Strong says it is used 43times in the Old Testament, being translated "scarlet 34, worm 8, crimson 1."

Isaiah 66:24Comments- In the earthly Jerusalem, which is a type and figure of the heavenly Jerusalem, there was the Valley of Hinnon, where all of the rubbish was placed. From this Hebrew name comes the Greek word "gehenna," which is translated in the New Testament as "Hell".

If you ever live in an underdeveloped nation, these small rubbish piles are created in every village, wherever people live in a community. In the evenings, the daily rubbish piles are burned. In a large city like Jerusalem, this pile of rubbish would be burned and this fire would never go out. It would burn until the next morning, when it was rekindled by more rubbish. This place was always abhorring, always smelling, always burning, and full of worms. Thus, it became a symbol of hell in the New Testament.

When Alexander Mackay, the first missionary to Uganda, East Africa, helped the Buganda king stop a plague of disease, he asked the king to stop throwing dead corpses into a nearby swamp. Instead, the people were asked to bury their dead.

"As the summer came on the plague grew worse, and many deaths occurred. The king applied to Mackay for medicines; but as he did not understand the disease, Mackay refused to treat it. But he was persuaded that it sprang chiefly from their filthy habits, and from the swamps round about, where the bodies of people who were slaughtered daily were thrown after being chopped in pieces." 96]

96] C. T. Wilson, Alexander Mackay: Missionary Hero of Uganda (London: The Sunday School Union, 1893), 80.

Scripture Reference - John describes a similar scene in his revelation of Jesus Christ:

Revelation 14:10, "The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb:"

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Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Isaiah 66". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. 2013.