(a) The Prophet reproves the Jews, because by their own infidelity they turn away God's promised graces, and so famine came by God's just judgment. Therefore to avoid this plague, he exhorts them to turn to God, and to pray in faith to him, and so he will give them abundance.
(b) He calls to remembrance God's punishments in times past, because they trusted not in him, but in their idols and sorcerers who always deceived them.
(c) That is, the Jews went into captivity.
(d) Meaning, the cruel governors who did oppress the poor sheep; (Ezekiel 34:16-17).
(e) He will be merciful to his Church, and cherish them as a king or prince does his best horse, which will be for his own use in war.
(f) Out of Judah will the chief governor proceed, who will be as a corner to uphold the building, and as a nail to fasten it together.
(g) Over their enemies.
(h) That is, the ten tribes, which would be united under Christ to the rest of the Church.
(i) By which he declares the power of God, who needs no great preparation when he will deliver his own: for with a gesture or hiss he can call them suddenly from all places.
(k) Though they will yet be scattered and seem to be lost, yet it will be profitable to them: for there they will come to the knowledge of my name, which was accomplished under the Gospel, among whom it was first preached.
(l) Not that they would return into their country, but be gathered and joined in one faith by the doctrine of the Gospel.
(m) He alludes to the deliverance of the people out of Egypt, when the angel smote the floods and rivers.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Zechariah 10". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Second Week after Epiphany