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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 4

Introduction

1David prays for audience.
2He reproves and exhorts his enemies.
6Man's happiness is in God's favour.

Verse 1

Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.
(Title
&) chief Musician. or, overseer.
22:1; 42:1; 45:1; *titles; 1 Chronicles 25:1-6
Neginoth
6:1; 67:1; 76:1; *titles; Habakkuk 3:19; *marg:
O
11:7; 24:5; 41:12; Isaiah 45:24; Jeremiah 23:6; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:20,21
thou
18:18,19; 31:8; 40:1-3; 116:6,16; 1 Samuel 17:37; 19:11,12; 23:26-28; Job 36:16; 2 Corinthians 1:8,10
have mercy upon me
or, be gracious unto me.
56:1; 57:1; 86:3-5; 119:75-77,132; 143:2; Exodus 34:6,7
Reciprocal: Genesis 26:22 - the Lord; 2 Samuel 15:32 - he worshipped; 2 Samuel 22:37 - enlarged; 1 Kings 8:28 - hearken; 2 Chronicles 6:19 - to hearken; Psalm 18:36 - enlarged; Psalm 27:7 - General; Psalm 59:16 - for thou; Jonah 2:2 - I cried; Matthew 15:22 - Have; Ephesians 6:18 - Praying

Verse 2

O ye sons of men, how long will ye turn my glory into shame? how long will ye love vanity, and seek after leasing? Selah.
O
57:4; 58:1; Ecclesiastes 8:11; 9:3
how
72:2; Exodus 10:3; Numbers 14:11; Proverbs 1:22
my glory
3:3; 14:6; 106:20; Isaiah 20:5; 45:17; Jeremiah 2:11; Hosea 4:7; 1 Corinthians 1:31
love
2:1; 1 Samuel 12:21; Isaiah 59:4; Jeremiah 2:5; Jonah 2:8
leasing
5:6; 58:3; 63:11; Jeremiah 9:3; Ephesians 4:25
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 2:26 - how long; 2 Samuel 16:8 - the blood; 2 Kings 18:19 - What confidence; 2 Kings 18:30 - make you; Job 31:5 - walked; Psalm 3:2 - Selah; Psalm 8:4 - son; Psalm 62:3 - How; Psalm 62:7 - glory; Isaiah 36:15 - General; Isaiah 60:19 - thy God; Jeremiah 23:26 - How; Micah 7:7 - my God; Luke 23:35 - derided; Acts 24:9 - General

Verse 3

But know that the LORD hath set apart him that is godly for himself: the LORD will hear when I call unto him.
that the
Exodus 33:16; Ephesians 2:10; 2 Thessalonians 2:13,14; 2 Timothy 2:19; 1 Peter 2:9; 2 Peter 2:9
for
Titus 2:14
the Lord
34:15; 55:16,17; 56:9; 91:14,15; John 15:16
Reciprocal: Genesis 15:12 - horror; Psalm 3:3 - my; Psalm 32:6 - godly; Psalm 65:4 - choosest; Psalm 86:2 - Preserve; Isaiah 43:21 - General; Daniel 1:9 - General; Micah 7:7 - my God; Titus 2:12 - godly

Verse 4

Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. Selah.
Stand
2:11; 33:8; 119:161; Jeremiah 5:22
sin
Job 28:28; Proverbs 3:7; 16:6,17; Ephesians 4:26
commune
63:6; 77:6; 2 Corinthians 13:5
be still
46:10; Habakkuk 2:20
Selah
3:2,4
Reciprocal: Judges 5:16 - great; 1 Kings 10:2 - communed; Nehemiah 5:7 - I consulted with myself; Psalm 8:2 - still; Proverbs 24:32 - considered it; Ecclesiastes 1:16 - communed; Song of Solomon 3:1 - night; Lamentations 3:40 - search; Habakkuk 3:3 - Selah; 1 Corinthians 15:34 - sin not; 1 John 2:1 - that

Verse 5

Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, and put your trust in the LORD.
Offer
50:14; 51:19; Deuteronomy 33:19; 2 Samuel 15:12; Isaiah 1:11-18; 61:8; Malachi 1:8,11-14; Matthew 5:23,23; Hebrews 13:15,16
put
2:12; 26:1; 37:3; 62:8; 84:11,12; Isaiah 26:3,4; 50:10; 1 Peter 4:19
Reciprocal: Psalm 119:166 - and done; Malachi 3:3 - an

Verse 6

There be many that say, Who will shew us any good? LORD, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us.
many
39:6; 49:16-20; Ecclesiastes 2:3-26; Isaiah 55:2; Luke 12:19; 16:19; James 4:13; James 5:1-5
lift
21:6; 42:5; 44:3; 67:1; 80:1-3,7,19; 89:15; 119:135; Numbers 6:26
Reciprocal: Genesis 17:18 - before; Exodus 33:15 - General; Exodus 33:18 - General; 2 Samuel 22:29 - lighten; 1 Kings 3:11 - hast not; 1 Chronicles 16:11 - seek his; Job 22:17 - and what; Job 29:3 - by his light; Job 29:24 - the light; Job 33:26 - and he shall; Psalm 17:15 - I will; Psalm 31:16 - Make; Psalm 34:12 - that he; Psalm 61:3 - thou; Psalm 63:3 - Because; Psalm 80:3 - cause; Psalm 119:58 - I entreated; Proverbs 16:15 - the light; Ecclesiastes 5:20 - because; Ecclesiastes 6:6 - yet; Ecclesiastes 6:12 - who knoweth; Song of Solomon 2:5 - Stay; Song of Solomon 5:13 - as a; Daniel 9:17 - cause; Matthew 5:6 - for; Matthew 13:45 - seeking; Matthew 17:4 - it is; Luke 9:33 - it is; John 4:15 - give; John 6:34 - evermore; Acts 2:28 - make; Philippians 3:19 - who; Revelation 22:4 - they

Verse 7

Thou hast put gladness in my heart, more than in the time that their corn and their wine increased.
put
37:4; 43:4; 63:2-5; 92:4; Song of Solomon 1:4; 1 Peter 1:8
the time
Judges 9:27; Isaiah 9:3; Jeremiah 48:33
Reciprocal: Job 33:26 - and he shall; Psalm 21:6 - made him exceeding glad; Psalm 61:3 - thou; Ecclesiastes 5:20 - because; Ecclesiastes 6:6 - yet; Song of Solomon 2:5 - Stay; Song of Solomon 5:13 - as a; Joel 1:12 - joy; Matthew 5:6 - for; Matthew 13:45 - seeking; Matthew 26:29 - I will; Luke 9:33 - it is; John 6:55 - meat; Acts 2:28 - make; Philippians 3:19 - who

Verse 8

I will both lay me down in peace, and sleep: for thou, LORD, only makest me dwell in safety.
I will
3:5; 16:8; Job 11:18,19; Proverbs 3:24; 1 Thessalonians 4:13,14; 5:10; Revelation 14:13
for
Leviticus 25:18,19; 26:5; Deuteronomy 12:10; 33:27-29; Ezekiel 34:25; Hosea 2:18; Romans 8:35-39 Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:6 - ye shall; 2 Samuel 17:1 - this night; 1 Kings 14:20 - slept; Psalm 127:2 - for so he; Ecclesiastes 5:12 - General; Acts 12:6 - the same

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-4.html.