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Shoshannim, "lilies," and so, the spring; the Shoshannim Psalms were probably connected with the Passover season, and hence reminders of redemption out of bondage, and of the origins of Israel.
This great psalm of the King, with Psalms 46.-47., obviously looks forward to the advent in glory. The reference in Hebrews 1:8; Hebrews 1:9 is not so much to the anointing as an event Matthew 3:16; Matthew 3:17 as to the permanent state of the King. Cf. Isaiah 11:1; Isaiah 11:2.
The divisions are:
(1) The supreme beauty of the King (Psalms 45:1; Psalms 45:2);
(2) the coming of the King in glory Psalms 45:3-5; Revelation 19:11-21.
(3) the deity of the King and character of His reign Psalms 45:6; Psalms 45:7; Hebrews 1:8; Hebrews 1:9; Isaiah 11:1-5.
(4) as associated with Him in earthly rule, the queen is presented, Psalms 45:9-13 and in that relation the King is not called Elohim (See Scofield "Hebrews 1:9- :") as in verse 6, but Adonai, the husband name of Deity See Scofield "Hebrews 1:9- :".
(5) the virgin companions of the queen, who would seem to be the Jewish remnant. (See Scofield "Hebrews 1:9- :") . Revelation 14:1-4 are next seen Psalms 45:14; Psalms 45:15 and
(6) the Psalm closes with a reference to the earthly fame of the King.
See Psalm 68., next in order of the Messianic Psalms.
These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Psalms 45". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25