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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 45

Introduction

1The majesty and grace of Christ's kingdom.
10The duty of the church, and the benefits thereof.

Verse 1

My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer.
(Title
&) To the chief. Or, rather, "To the chief musician upon the hexachords, a didactic ode for the sons of Korah, and a song of loves." Shoshannim most probably denotes hexachords, or six-stringed instruments, from shesh, "six:" hence the Persian shasta, a six-stringed lute. This Psalm is supposed by some to be an epithalamium, or nuptial song, on the marriage of Solomon with Pharaoh's daughter; but with what propriety could Solomon be described as fairer than the children of men, a mighty warrior, a victorious conqueror, and a prince whose throne is for ever and ever? A greater than Solomon is here; and the person described is no other than the Messiah, as is acknowledged by many Jewish writers. The Targum on ver. 3 says, "Thy beauty, malka meshecha, O King Messiah, is greater than the children of men;" and the Apostle expressly quotes it as such Heb 1:8, 9. It was probably written by David after Nathan's prophetic address 1 Ch 17:27.
Shoshannim
69:1; 80:1; *titles
Maschil
or, of instruction. A song.
Song of Solomon 1:1,2-7; Isaiah 5:1; Ephesians 5:32
is inditing
Heb. boileth, or, bubbleth up.
Job 32:18-20; Proverbs 16:23; Matthew 12:35
a good
49:3; Job 33:3; 34:4; Proverbs 8:6-9
touching
2:6; 24:7-10; 110:1,2; Song of Solomon 1:12; Isaiah 32:1,2; Matthew 25:34; 27:37
tongue
2 Samuel 23:2; 2 Peter 1:21
Reciprocal: Numbers 26:11 - General; 1 Chronicles 6:37 - Korah; Ezra 7:6 - a ready; Psalm 8:5 - hast; Psalm 42:1 - the sons; Psalm 145:1 - my God; Proverbs 15:2 - tongue; Proverbs 15:26 - but; Zechariah 9:9 - behold; Matthew 21:5 - thy King; 2 Corinthians 9:1 - touching; 1 Timothy 1:17 - the King

Verse 2

Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.
fairer
Song of Solomon 2:3; 5:10-16; Zechariah 9:17; Matthew 17:2; John 1:14; Colossians 1:15-18; Hebrews 1:3,4; 7:26; Revelation 1:13-18
grace
Proverbs 22:11; Isaiah 50:4; Luke 4:22; John 7:46
God
21:6; 72:17-19; Philippians 2:9-11
Reciprocal: Psalm 141:6 - for they; Proverbs 5:2 - thy lips; Proverbs 15:7 - lips; Proverbs 16:21 - the sweetness; Song of Solomon 1:16 - thou art; Song of Solomon 4:3 - lips; Song of Solomon 5:13 - his lips; Song of Solomon 5:16 - most; Isaiah 33:17 - eyes; Isaiah 49:2 - he hath made; Matthew 7:28 - the people; Luke 1:42 - blessed is; Luke 2:40 - the grace; Ephesians 4:29 - that which; Colossians 1:18 - in all; Colossians 4:6 - your

Verse 3

Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O most mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty.
Gird
Isaiah 49:2; 63:1-6; Hebrews 4:12; Revelation 1:16; 19:15,21
O most
Isaiah 9:6,7; Acts 10:36; Romans 14:9
glory
21:5; 96:6; 104:1; 145:5,12; Hebrews 1:3; 8:1; Jude 1:25
Reciprocal: Genesis 14:14 - armed; Exodus 15:3 - a man; Deuteronomy 33:29 - the sword; Judges 3:16 - upon; 2 Samuel 3:1 - between; 1 Chronicles 29:11 - majesty; Esther 1:4 - excellent; Job 40:10 - majesty; Psalm 18:35 - right; Psalm 24:8 - The Lord strong; Psalm 98:1 - his right; Song of Solomon 3:8 - all; Isaiah 27:1 - with his; Jeremiah 50:25 - opened; Micah 5:4 - in the majesty; Zechariah 1:8 - behold; Zechariah 6:13 - bear; Zechariah 9:13 - made; Zechariah 9:14 - his; Zechariah 10:5 - as; John 18:36 - My kingdom is; 1 Corinthians 15:25 - General; Revelation 6:2 - and he that; Revelation 19:11 - and in

Verse 4

And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.
ride, etc
Heb. prosper thou, ride thou.
Revelation 6:2; 19:11
prosperously
110:2,3; 1 Thessalonians 1:5; 2:13; 2 Thessalonians 3:1
because
60:4; John 1:17; 14:6
meekness
Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 11:29; 12:19,20; 2 Corinthians 10:1
right
2:9; 21:8,9; 65:5; 110:5,6; Isaiah 59:17,18; 63:1-6; Luke 19:27; 2 Thessalonians 1:8,9; Revelation 6:16,17; 11:18; 19:17-21; 20:15
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 29:11 - majesty; Job 40:10 - majesty; Psalm 18:35 - gentleness; Psalm 68:35 - terrible; Psalm 72:15 - prayer; Psalm 118:15 - the right; Isaiah 9:7 - to establish it; Isaiah 33:6 - wisdom; Isaiah 48:15 - General; Jeremiah 23:5 - reign; Jeremiah 33:15 - and he; Habakkuk 3:8 - ride; Zechariah 1:8 - behold; Zechariah 6:13 - bear; Luke 4:22 - the gracious; Ephesians 4:2 - lowliness; Ephesians 4:21 - as; Hebrews 7:2 - King of righteousness; Hebrews 8:1 - the Majesty; James 3:13 - with meekness

Verse 5

Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; whereby the people fall under thee.
Thine
21:12; 38:2; Numbers 24:8; Zechariah 9:13,14
sharp
2:1-9; Luke 19:42-44; 20:18,19; Acts 2:37,41; 5:33; 7:54
people
22:27; 66:3,4; Acts 4:4; 5:14; 6:7; Romans 15:18,19
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:42 - make mine; 2 Samuel 18:14 - thrust them; 2 Samuel 22:15 - arrows; Job 6:4 - the arrows; Psalm 7:13 - ordaineth; Psalm 110:2 - rule; Psalm 110:5 - strike; Psalm 144:6 - shoot out; Isaiah 5:28 - arrows; Isaiah 49:2 - made me; Jeremiah 50:25 - opened

Verse 6

Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre.
throne
89:29,36,37; 93:2; 145:13; Daniel 2:44; Luke 1:32,33; Hebrews 1:8
O God
Isaiah 9:6,7; Jeremiah 23:5,6; John 1:1; 1 Timothy 3:16
the sceptre
72:1-20; 2 Samuel 23:4; Jeremiah 33:15,16; Revelation 19:11
Reciprocal: Numbers 24:17 - a Sceptre; 2 Samuel 7:16 - General; 2 Samuel 8:15 - David executed; 1 Kings 10:18 - a great throne; Psalm 2:6 - Yet; Psalm 8:5 - hast; Psalm 9:4 - right; Psalm 37:28 - loveth; Psalm 45:11 - Lord; Psalm 47:8 - throne; Psalm 72:2 - He shall; Psalm 89:14 - Justice; Psalm 97:2 - righteousness; Psalm 99:4 - strength; Psalm 110:1 - until; Psalm 145:11 - the glory; Proverbs 16:10 - A divine sentence; Isaiah 11:4 - But with; Isaiah 32:1 - king; Isaiah 42:6 - called; Lamentations 5:19 - thy throne; Ezekiel 1:26 - the likeness of a; Daniel 7:14 - an everlasting; Zechariah 9:9 - he is; Zechariah 12:8 - the house; John 8:16 - yet; John 20:28 - My Lord; Acts 10:36 - he is; Romans 9:5 - who is; Ephesians 4:24 - righteousness; Philippians 2:9 - God; 1 Timothy 1:17 - the King; Revelation 12:10 - the kingdom

Verse 7

Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Thou
33:5; 99:4; Matthew 3:15; Hebrews 1:9; 7:26
hatest
101:3,4,8; Matthew 7:23; Luke 13:27; Revelation 21:27
God
or, O God. thy God.
89:26; Isaiah 61:1; John 20:17; Ephesians 1:3
hath
89:20; Leviticus 8:12; 1 Samuel 16:13; 1 Kings 1:39,40; 19:16; Isaiah 61:1-3; Luke 3:22; Luke 4:18-21; John 3:34
oil
21:6; 1 Kings 1:39; Acts 2:28
above
John 1:16; Romans 8:29; Colossians 1:18,19; Hebrews 2:14
Reciprocal: Exodus 40:9 - the anointing oil; Leviticus 14:15 - General; 1 Samuel 2:10 - anointed; 2 Samuel 8:15 - David executed; 1 Kings 1:34 - Zadok; Psalm 2:2 - anointed; Psalm 9:4 - right; Psalm 11:7 - For; Psalm 23:5 - thou anointest; Psalm 37:28 - loveth; Psalm 47:8 - throne; Psalm 48:10 - thy right; Psalm 72:2 - He shall; Psalm 89:14 - Justice; Psalm 92:10 - I shall; Psalm 97:2 - righteousness; Psalm 110:1 - until; Psalm 145:11 - the glory; Proverbs 16:10 - A divine sentence; Proverbs 27:9 - Ointment; Song of Solomon 1:3 - the savour; Isaiah 10:27 - because; Isaiah 11:4 - But with; Isaiah 32:1 - king; Isaiah 42:6 - called; Isaiah 61:3 - the oil; Isaiah 61:8 - I the Lord; Jeremiah 33:15 - and he; Daniel 9:24 - and to anoint; Zechariah 9:9 - he is; Zechariah 12:8 - the house; Matthew 25:4 - oil; John 1:41 - Christ; John 8:16 - yet; Acts 4:27 - whom; Acts 10:38 - God; Acts 24:25 - righteousness; Romans 12:9 - Abhor; 2 Corinthians 1:21 - anointed; Ephesians 4:24 - righteousness; Philippians 2:9 - God; Hebrews 1:8 - Thy throne; 1 John 2:20 - ye have; 1 John 3:7 - even

Verse 8

All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.
All
Song of Solomon 1:3,13; 3:6; 4:6,13,14; 5:1,5,13; Matthew 2:11; John 19:39; 2 Corinthians 2:14-16
cassia
Exodus 30:23,24
ivory
15; 1 Kings 22:39; Amos 3:15; John 14:2
whereby
16:11; Hebrews 12:2
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 10:18 - ivory; 2 Chronicles 9:17 - General; Proverbs 7:17 - with; Proverbs 27:9 - Ointment; Song of Solomon 4:11 - the smell; Song of Solomon 7:4 - ivory; Isaiah 61:10 - as a; Ezekiel 27:19 - cassia; Daniel 7:9 - whose

Verse 9

Kings' daughters were among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand did stand the queen in gold of Ophir.
Kings
13; 72:10; Song of Solomon 6:8,9; 7:1; Isaiah 49:23; 60:10,11; Revelation 21:24
upon
1 Kings 2:9,19
queen
Song of Solomon 4:8-11; John 3:29; Ephesians 5:26,27; Revelation 19:7; 21:2,9
gold
1 Kings 10:11; Job 22:24
Reciprocal: Genesis 10:29 - Ophir; Genesis 24:47 - 1put; 1 Kings 9:28 - Ophir; 1 Kings 22:48 - to Ophir; 1 Chronicles 1:23 - Ophir; Job 28:16 - the gold; Song of Solomon 1:5 - O ye; Song of Solomon 4:9 - my spouse; Isaiah 61:10 - as a; Matthew 20:21 - the one; Matthew 25:1 - the bridegroom; Matthew 25:33 - his; Mark 10:37 - sit; Ephesians 5:32 - speak; 1 Peter 3:3 - that; Revelation 18:7 - I sit

Verse 10

Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house;
Hearken
Song of Solomon 2:10-13; Isaiah 55:1-3; 2 Corinthians 6:17,18; 7:1
forget
Genesis 2:24; 12:1; Deuteronomy 21:13; 33:9; Matthew 10:37; 19:29; Luke 14:26; 2 Corinthians 5:16
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:58 - General; Genesis 24:61 - followed; Genesis 31:16 - whatsoever; Genesis 41:51 - Manasseh; Numbers 10:30 - General; Ruth 1:16 - thy people; Ruth 2:11 - and how; 1 Samuel 25:42 - Abigail; Psalm 45:13 - king's; Proverbs 9:6 - Forsake; Song of Solomon 4:8 - with me; Song of Solomon 8:1 - I would; Song of Solomon 8:5 - from the; Isaiah 54:5 - thy Maker; Matthew 19:5 - said; Matthew 22:2 - which; Mark 4:3 - Hearken; Luke 5:34 - bridegroom; Romans 7:4 - that ye; 2 Corinthians 11:2 - I have; Philippians 3:13 - forgetting; Revelation 19:7 - for

Verse 11

So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord; and worship thou him.
So shall
Song of Solomon 1:8,12-16; 2:2,14; 4:1-5,7,9,10; 6:4; 7:1-10; Isaiah 62:4,5; Zephaniah 3:17; Ephesians 5:26,27
Lord
6; Isaiah 54:5; Jeremiah 23:5,6; John 20:28; Acts 10:36; Romans 14:9; Philippians 2:10,11; Philippians 3:8
worship
2:12; 95:6; Luke 24:52; John 4:21,22; Revelation 5:8-14
Reciprocal: Genesis 12:1 - Get; Genesis 24:58 - General; Deuteronomy 21:13 - and bewail; 1 Samuel 25:42 - Abigail; Song of Solomon 2:10 - Rise; Song of Solomon 7:6 - General; Song of Solomon 7:10 - his; Song of Solomon 8:1 - I would; Song of Solomon 8:5 - from the; Ezekiel 23:4 - they were; Daniel 10:11 - greatly beloved; Matthew 2:2 - worship; Matthew 28:17 - worshipped; Mark 2:20 - the bridegroom; John 9:38 - Lord; 1 Corinthians 1:2 - our Lord; 2 Corinthians 11:2 - I have; Revelation 7:11 - and worshipped; Revelation 19:10 - worship; Revelation 22:9 - worship God

Verse 12

And the daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift; even the rich among the people shall intreat thy favour.
And the
Isaiah 23:17,18; Acts 21:3-6
with
72:10; Isaiah 60:6,7; Matthew 2:11
rich
22:29; Isaiah 49:23; 60:3,10,11
favour
Heb. face.
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 5:1 - sent; 2 Chronicles 35:8 - his princes; Job 11:19 - many; Psalm 2:10 - O; Psalm 87:4 - Tyre; Proverbs 19:6 - will; Ezekiel 26:3 - Behold; Matthew 15:22 - a woman; Mark 3:8 - Tyre

Verse 13

The king's daughter is all glorious within: her clothing is of wrought gold.
king's
9,10; Song of Solomon 7:1; Isaiah 61:10; 1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 19:7,8
all glorious
1 Samuel 16:7; Luke 11:40; Romans 2:29; 2 Corinthians 5:17; 1 Peter 3:3,4
clothing
9; Matthew 5:16; 22:11,12; Romans 3:22; 13:14; Revelation 3:18
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:47 - I put; Genesis 37:3 - a coat; Exodus 26:7 - curtains; 2 Samuel 13:18 - a garment; Proverbs 31:22 - clothing; Song of Solomon 1:8 - O thou; Song of Solomon 4:7 - General; Song of Solomon 5:9 - O thou; Jeremiah 2:32 - a maid; Ezekiel 16:10 - clothed; Ezekiel 16:13 - thou didst; Luke 15:22 - the best; Ephesians 5:27 - glorious; 1 Timothy 2:9 - not

Verse 14

She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.
She
Song of Solomon 1:4; John 17:24; 2 Corinthians 11:2
raiment
Exodus 28:39; Judges 5:30
virgins
Song of Solomon 1:3,5; 2:7; 5:8,9; 6:1,8,13; 8:13; Revelation 14:1-4
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:47 - I put; Genesis 37:3 - a coat; Exodus 27:16 - needlework; 2 Samuel 13:18 - a garment; Proverbs 31:22 - clothing; Isaiah 61:10 - as a; Jeremiah 2:32 - a maid; Ezekiel 16:10 - clothed; Ezekiel 16:13 - thou didst; Matthew 9:15 - Can; Matthew 22:11 - which; Matthew 25:1 - ten; Mark 2:19 - Can; Luke 5:34 - the children; John 3:29 - the friend; 1 Timothy 2:9 - not; Revelation 14:4 - for; Revelation 19:8 - to her

Verse 15

With gladness and rejoicing shall they be brought: they shall enter into the king's palace.
With
Isaiah 35:10; 51:11; 55:12,13; 60:19,20; 61:10; Jude 1:24; Revelation 7:15-17
they shall
Isaiah 56:5; John 14:3; Revelation 3:12,21
Reciprocal: Psalm 45:8 - ivory; Song of Solomon 1:4 - the king; Matthew 9:15 - Can

Verse 16

Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou mayest make princes in all the earth.
Instead
22:30; Matthew 19:29; Mark 10:29,30; Philippians 3:7,8
children
Isaiah 49:21,22; 54:1-5; 60:1-5; Galatians 4:26,27
princes
1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 1:6; 5:10; 20:6
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 24:23 - as a king; Psalm 102:18 - the people; Psalm 102:28 - The children; Psalm 113:8 - General; Song of Solomon 7:2 - thy belly; Isaiah 53:10 - he shall see; Daniel 7:18 - the saints; Romans 7:4 - that we

Verse 17

I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever.
I will
22:30,31; 72:17-19; 145:4-7; Isaiah 59:21; Malachi 1:11; Matthew 26:13; 1 Corinthians 11:26
therefore
72:17; Song of Solomon 6:9; Isaiah 61:9; 62:3 Reciprocal: Psalm 20:7 - but we; Psalm 67:3 - General; Psalm 79:13 - we will; Psalm 102:18 - the people; Psalm 102:28 - The children; Song of Solomon 5:10 - beloved; Isaiah 53:10 - he shall see; Acts 4:12 - under; Hebrews 5:9 - eternal

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 45". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-45.html.