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Bible Commentaries

The Gospels Compared

Matthew 1

Verses 1-17

The genealogy of Jesus
Matthew 1:1-17 Luke 3:23-38
Matthew's Genealogy starts at Abraham and goes to Jesus. Luke's Genealogy starts at Jesus and goes in reverse to Adam. When the genealogies arrive at David, they split with David's sons: Solomon (Matthew / Joseph's side) and Nathan (Luke / Mary's side).

Luke

God Genesis 2:7 Genesis 4:25 Genesis 4:26 Luke 3:38 Which was [the son] of Enos, which was [the son] of Seth, which was [the son] of Adam, which was [the son] of God.

Genesis 5:9 Genesis 5:12 Genesis 5:15 Genesis 5:18 Genesis 5:21 Luke 3:37 Which was [the son] of Mathusala, which was [the son] of Enoch, which was [the son] of Jared, which was [the son] of Maleleel, which was [the son] of Cainan,

Genesis 5:25 Genesis 5:28-29 Genesis 5:32 Genesis 11:10 Cainan Luke 3:36 Which was [the son] of Cainan, which was [the son] of Arphaxad, which was [the son] of Sem, which was [the son] of Noe, which was [the son] of Lamech,

Genesis 11:12 Genesis 11:14 Genesis 11:16 Genesis 11:18 Genesis 11:20 Luke 3:35 Which was [the son] of Saruch, which was [the son] of Ragau, which was [the son] of Phalec, which was [the son] of Heber, which was [the son] of Sala,
Matthew Luke
Matthew 1:1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. Genesis 11:22 Genesis 11:24 Luke 3:34 Which was [the son] of Jacob, which was [the son] of Isaac, which was [the son] of Abraham, which was [the son] of Thara, which was [the son] of Nachor,
Matthew 1:2 Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren; Genesis 11:26 1 Chronicles 1:34 Genesis 25:26



1 Chronicles 2:1
Abraham Isaac Jacob
Matthew 1:3 And Judas begat Phares and Zara Genesis 38:12-30; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram;

1 Chronicles 2:4 1 Chronicles 2:5 1 Chronicles 2:9-10
Juda Phares Esrom Aram Luke 3:33 Which was [the son] of Aminadab, which was [the son] of Aram, which was [the son] of Esrom, which was [the son] of Phares, which was [the son] of Juda,
Matthew 1:4 And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab begat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon; 1 Chronicles 2:9-11 Aminadab

Numbers 1:7 1 Chronicles 2:11 Naasson Salmon Luke 3:32 Which was [the son] of Jesse, which was [the son] of Obed, which was [the son] of Booz, which was [the son] of Salmon, which was [the son] of Naasson,
Matthew 1:5 And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse; Ruth 2:1 1 Chronicles 2:12 1 Chronicles 2:12 Booz Obed Jesse
Matthew 1:6 And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her [that had been the wife] of Urias; 1 Chronicles 2:13-15 1 Chronicles 3:5

The ancestor of Joseph, the “; Luke 3:23” father of Jesus
David 1 Chronicles 14:4

The ancestor of Mary, the mother of Jesus
Luke 3:31 Which was [the son] of Melea, which was [the son] of Menan, which was [the son] of Mattatha, which was [the son] of Nathan, which was [the son] of David,
Matthew 1:7 And Solomon begat Roboam; and Roboam begat Abia; and Abia begat Asa; 1 Kings 11:43 1 Chronicles 3:10-14 1 Chronicles 3:10-14 Mattatha Menan Melea
Matthew 1:8 And Asa begat Josaphat; and Josaphat begat Joram; and Joram begat Ozias; 1 Kings 15:24 1 Chronicles 3:11-12 2 Kings 18:1 Eliakim Jonan Joseph Juda Simeon Luke 3:30 Which was [the son] of Simeon, which was [the son] of Juda, which was [the son] of Joseph, which was [the son] of Jonan, which was [the son] of Eliakim,
Matthew 1:9 And Ozias begat Joatham; and Joatham begat Achaz; and Achaz begat Ezekias; Joatham Achaz 2 Kings 18:1 Levi Matthat Jorim Eliezer Jose Luke 3:29 Which was [the son] of Jose, which was [the son] of Eliezer, which was [the son] of Jorim, which was [the son] of Matthat, which was [the son] of Levi,
Matthew 1:10 And Ezekias begat Manasses; and Manasses begat Amon; and Amon begat Josias; 2 Kings 20:21 Amon 2 Kings 21:26 Er Elmodam Cosam Addi Melchi Luke 3:28 Which was [the son] of Melchi, which was [the son] of Addi, which was [the son] of Cosam, which was [the son] of Elmodam, which was [the son] of Er,
Matthew 1:11 And Josias begat Jechonias and his brethren, about the time they were carried away to Babylon: 1 Chronicles 3:16 Neri Luke 3:27 Which was [the son] of Joanna, which was [the son] of Rhesa, which was [the son] of Zorobabel, which was [the son] of Salathiel, which was [the son] of Neri,
Matthew 1:12 And after they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias begat Salathiel; and Salathiel begat Zorobabel; 1 Chronicles 3:17 Ezra 3:2 Salathiel Zorobabel


Rhesa Joanna
Matthew 1:13 And Zorobabel begat Abiud; and Abiud begat Eliakim; and Eliakim begat Azor; Abiud Eliakim Azor Juda Joseph Semei Mattathias Maath Luke 3:26 Which was [the son] of Maath, which was [the son] of Mattathias, which was [the son] of Semei, which was [the son] of Joseph, which was [the son] of Juda,
Matthew 1:14 And Azor begat Sadoc; and Sadoc begat Achim; and Achim begat Eliud; Sadoc Achim Eliud Nagge Esli Naum Amos Mattathias Luke 3:25 Which was [the son] of Mattathias, which was [the son] of Amos, which was [the son] of Naum, which was [the son] of Esli, which was [the son] of Nagge,
Matthew 1:15 And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat Jacob; Eleazar Matthan Jacob



Joseph Janna Melchi Levi Matthat Luke 3:24 Which was [the son] of Matthat, which was [the son] of Levi, which was [the son] of Melchi, which was [the son] of Janna, which was [the son] of Joseph,


Heli Luke 3:23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was [the son] of Heli,
Matthew 1:16 And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ. Joseph Jesus Joseph Jesus
Matthew 1:17 So all the generations from Abraham to David [are] fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon [are] fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ [are] fourteen generations.

Verses 18-25

The announcement of Jesus
Matthew 1:18-25 Luke 1:26-38
Angel to Joseph Angel to Mary
Matthew 1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. Luke 1:26 And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, Luke 1:27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name [was] Mary.
Matthew 1:19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just [man], and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily. Luke 1:28 And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, [thou that art] highly favoured, the Lord [is] with thee: blessed [art] thou among women.
Matthew 1:20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: Luke 1:29 And when she saw [him], she was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be.
for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. Luke 1:30 And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God.
Matthew 1:21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. Luke 1:31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.
Matthew 1:21 Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Luke 1:32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:
Matthew 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us. Luke 1:33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.
Matthew 1:24 Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife: Luke 1:34 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?
Matthew 1:25 And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS. Luke 1:35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.

Luke 1:36 And, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her, who was called barren.

Luke 1:37 For with God nothing shall be impossible.

Luke 1:38 And Mary said, Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.
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Bibliographical Information
"Commentary on Matthew 1". "The Gospels Compared". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tgc/matthew-1.html. 2014.