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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 11

Overview

1 Chronicles 11:1, David by general consent is made king at Hebron; 1 Chronicles 11:4, He wins the castle of Zion from the Jebusites by Joab’s valour; 1 Chronicles 11:10, A catalogue of David’s mighty men.

Verse 1

am 2956, bc 1048, An, Ex, Is, 443

all Israel: 1 Chronicles 12:23-40, 2 Samuel 5:1-16

Hebron: Numbers 13:22, 2 Samuel 2:1, 2 Samuel 15:10, 1 Kings 2:11

Behold: Genesis 29:14, Deuteronomy 17:15, Judges 9:2, 2 Samuel 19:12, 2 Samuel 19:13, Ephesians 5:30

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 3:12 - my hand 1 Chronicles 28:2 - my brethren Psalms 141:6 - they shall hear

Verse 2

in time past: Heb. both yesterday and the third day

that leddest: Numbers 27:17, 1 Samuel 18:13, Isaiah 55:4, John 10:4

Thou shalt: 1 Samuel 16:1, 1 Samuel 16:13, 2 Samuel 7:7, Psalms 78:71, Isaiah 40:11, Jeremiah 3:15, Micah 5:2, Micah 5:4, Matthew 2:6

feed: or, rule

ruler: 2 Samuel 5:2, 1 Kings 3:9, 1 Kings 14:7

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 19:4 - in time past Joshua 3:4 - heretofore 1 Samuel 19:7 - in times past 2 Kings 13:5 - beforetime 1 Chronicles 17:6 - feed Ezra 2:70 - General Acts 13:36 - served

Verse 3

elders: 2 Samuel 5:3

David made: 1 Samuel 11:15, 2 Kings 11:17, 2 Chronicles 23:3

before: Judges 11:11, 1 Samuel 23:18

anointed: 1 Samuel 16:1, 1 Samuel 16:12, 1 Samuel 16:13, 2 Samuel 2:4, 2 Kings 23:30

according: 1 Samuel 15:28, 1 Samuel 28:17

by: Heb. by the hand of

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 15:10 - Hebron 1 Chronicles 14:8 - anointed

Verse 4

David: 2 Samuel 5:6-10

Jebus: 1 Chronicles 11:5, Joshua 15:63, Joshua 18:28, Jebusi, Judges 1:21, Judges 19:10-12

the inhabitants: Genesis 10:16, Genesis 15:21, Exodus 3:17

Reciprocal: Zechariah 9:7 - a Jebusite

Verse 5

Thou shalt: 1 Samuel 17:9, 1 Samuel 17:10, 1 Samuel 17:26, 1 Samuel 17:36

the castle: 1 Kings 8:1, 2 Chronicles 5:2, Psalms 2:6, Psalms 9:11, Psalms 48:2, Psalms 48:12, Psalms 48:13, Psalms 78:68, Psalms 87:2, Psalms 87:5, Psalms 125:1, Psalms 125:2, Psalms 132:13, Lamentations 4:11, Lamentations 4:12, Romans 9:33, Hebrews 12:22, Revelation 14:1

the city: 1 Chronicles 11:7, 2 Samuel 5:9, 2 Samuel 6:10, 2 Samuel 6:12, Psalms 122:5

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 11:4 - Jebus

Verse 6

Whosoever: Joshua 15:16, Joshua 15:17, 1 Samuel 17:25

chief: Heb. head

Joab: 2 Samuel 2:18, 2 Samuel 3:27, 2 Samuel 8:16, 2 Samuel 20:23

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 5:8 - he shall be 1 Chronicles 18:15 - Joab 1 Chronicles 19:8 - Joab 1 Chronicles 27:34 - the general Esther 6:3 - What honour Psalms 60:9 - Who

Verse 7

David dwelt: Psalms 2:6

the city of David: that is, Zion, 1 Chronicles 11:5, 2 Samuel 5:7

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 2:10 - the city 1 Kings 3:1 - the city 1 Kings 8:1 - out of the city Psalms 65:1 - in Sion

Verse 8

Millo: Judges 9:6, Judges 9:20, 1 Kings 9:15, 1 Kings 11:27, 2 Kings 12:20

repaired: Heb. revived, Nehemiah 4:2

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 5:9 - Millo

Verse 9

waxed greater and greater: Heb. went in going and increasing, 2 Samuel 3:1, 2 Samuel 5:10, Job 17:9, Isaiah 9:7

for: 1 Chronicles 9:20, Psalms 46:7, Psalms 46:11, Isaiah 8:9, Isaiah 8:10, Isaiah 41:10, Isaiah 41:14, Romans 8:31

Reciprocal: Esther 9:4 - waxed

Verse 10

am 2949-2989, bc 1055-1015, An, Ex, Is, 436-476

the chief: The valiant men who assisted David in his advancement, and helped to establish him in his authority, were those, in all likelihood, that had accompanied him during his persecution by Saul. 2 Samuel 23:8

strengthened themselves with: or, held strongly with

to make: 1 Chronicles 12:38, 2 Samuel 3:17, 2 Samuel 3:18, 2 Samuel 3:21

according: 1 Samuel 16:1, 1 Samuel 16:12-14

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 1:8 - the mighty 1 Chronicles 12:1 - the mighty 1 Chronicles 12:21 - mighty men 1 Chronicles 12:23 - according 1 Chronicles 19:8 - Joab 1 Chronicles 28:1 - the mighty men 2 Chronicles 17:1 - Jehoshaphat Nehemiah 2:18 - So they strengthened

Verse 11

Jashobeam: 1 Chronicles 27:2, 2 Samuel 23:8, The Tachmonite, Adino, the Eznite.

an Hachmonite: or, son of Hachmoni

Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:8 - General 1 Chronicles 27:32 - son of Hachmoni

Verse 12

Eleazar: 1 Chronicles 27:4, Dodai, 2 Samuel 23:9

Dodo: This variation arises from the mutations of ו, wav, and י, yood; it being written here דודו, Dodo, and in the parallel passage דודי, Dodai.

Ahohite: 1 Chronicles 8:4

the three: 1 Chronicles 11:19, 1 Chronicles 11:21, 2 Samuel 23:17-19, 2 Samuel 23:23

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 23:8 - General 1 Chronicles 11:29 - Ahohite

Verse 13

Pasdammim: Ephes-dammim is here called Pas-dammim, by apheresis. 1 Samuel 17:1, Ephes-dammim

a parcel: In Samuel it is, "a piece of ground full of lentiles;" and there is probably a mistake of seorim, "barley," for adashim, "lentiles," or vice-versa. Some, however, think there were both lentiles and barley in the field, which is not unlikely.

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 23:11 - the Philistines

Verse 14

set: or, stood

and the Lord: 1 Samuel 14:23, 1 Samuel 19:5, 2 Samuel 23:10, 2 Kings 5:1, Psalms 18:50

deliverance: or, salvation, Psalms 144:10, Proverbs 21:31

Reciprocal: Genesis 45:7 - to preserve you a posterity Exodus 14:13 - see the 2 Samuel 23:11 - the Philistines

Verse 15

of the thirty captains: or, captains over the thirty, 2 Samuel 23:13-39

the cave: Joshua 12:15, 1 Samuel 22:1, Micah 1:15

in the: 1 Chronicles 14:9, 2 Samuel 5:18, 2 Samuel 5:22, Isaiah 17:5

Rephaim: Joshua 15:8, the giants

Reciprocal: Genesis 14:5 - Rephaims 1 Samuel 22:2 - a captain 1 Chronicles 12:4 - a mighty man

Verse 16

in the hold: 1 Samuel 22:1, 1 Samuel 23:25, Psalms 142:1, *title

the Philistines': 1 Samuel 10:5, 1 Samuel 13:4, 1 Samuel 13:23

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 5:17 - the hold 1 Chronicles 12:8 - into the hold

Verse 17

longed: Numbers 11:4, Numbers 11:5, 2 Samuel 23:15, 2 Samuel 23:16, Psalms 143:6

of the water: Psalms 42:1, Psalms 42:2, Psalms 63:1, Isaiah 12:3, John 4:10, John 4:14

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 9:15 - Zichri Psalms 60:9 - Who

Verse 18

brake: 1 Samuel 19:5, Song of Solomon 8:6, Acts 20:24, Acts 21:13, 2 Corinthians 5:14, 2 Corinthians 5:15

poured: 1 Samuel 7:6

Verse 19

My God: 2 Samuel 23:17, 1 Kings 21:3, Romans 6:1, Romans 6:2

shall I: Leviticus 17:10, Job 31:31, Psalms 72:14, Mark 14:24, John 6:55

that have put their lives: Heb. with their lives, Romans 16:4

in jeopardy: Judges 5:18, Judges 9:17, 1 Samuel 19:5, 1 Corinthians 15:30

These: 1 Chronicles 11:12

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 23:27 - Mebunnai 1 Chronicles 12:1 - the mighty

Verse 20

Abishai: 1 Chronicles 2:16, 1 Samuel 26:6, 2 Samuel 2:18, 2 Samuel 3:30, 2 Samuel 18:2, 2 Samuel 20:6, 2 Samuel 21:17, 2 Samuel 23:18, 19-39

Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:8 - General 1 Chronicles 18:12 - Moreover 1 Chronicles 19:11 - Abishai

Verse 21

howbeit: Matthew 13:8, 1 Corinthians 15:41

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 23:18 - Abishai 1 Chronicles 11:12 - the three 1 Chronicles 11:25 - but attained 1 Chronicles 12:21 - mighty men

Verse 22

Benaiah: 1 Chronicles 27:5, 1 Chronicles 27:6, 2 Samuel 8:18, 2 Samuel 20:23, 2 Samuel 23:20-23, 1 Kings 1:8, 1 Kings 1:38, 1 Kings 2:30, 1 Kings 2:34, 1 Kings 2:35

Kabzeel: Joshua 15:21

who had done many acts: Heb. great of deeds

lionlike: 1 Chronicles 12:8, 2 Samuel 1:23

slew a: Judges 14:5, Judges 14:6, 1 Samuel 17:34-36

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 12:21 - mighty men

Verse 23

a man of great stature: Heb. a man of measure

five: Deuteronomy 3:11, 1 Samuel 17:4

a spear: 1 Chronicles 20:5

slew him: 1 Samuel 17:51

Reciprocal: Numbers 13:33 - saw the giants 1 Samuel 17:7 - the staff 2 Samuel 23:21 - a goodly man

Verse 24

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 12:1 - the mighty

Verse 25

but attained: 1 Chronicles 11:21

David: 2 Samuel 20:23

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 17:8 - mighty men 2 Samuel 23:19 - he attained 1 Chronicles 12:1 - the mighty 2 Chronicles 12:10 - the chief

Verse 26

Asahel: 1 Chronicles 27:7, 2 Samuel 2:18-23, 2 Samuel 3:30, 2 Samuel 23:24

Elhanan: 2 Samuel 21:19

Verse 27

Shammoth: Shammah, Shammoth, and as it is in 1 Chronicles 27:8, Shamhuth, having all the same signification, appear to have been deemed perfectly interchangeable, and accordingly used indifferently. 2 Samuel 23:25, Shammah the Harodite

Harorite: The variation of חרורי [Strong's H2033], Harorite, for חרדי [Strong's H2733], Harodite, arises from the mutation of ר, raish, and ד, daleth.

Pelonite: 2 Samuel 23:26, Paltite

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 23:11 - Shammah 2 Samuel 23:33 - Shammah 1 Chronicles 2:39 - General 1 Chronicles 27:10 - Helez

Verse 28

Ira: 1 Chronicles 27:9

Antothite: This variation springs simply from the points; the word being written ענתתי [Strong's H6069], Anethothite in Samuel, and here ענתותי [Strong's H6069], Antothite. 1 Chronicles 27:12, 2 Samuel 23:27, Anethothite

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 23:25 - Shammah 2 Samuel 23:26 - Ira 1 Chronicles 12:3 - the Antothite

Verse 29

Sibbecai: The reading of מבני [Strong's H4012], Mebunnai, for סבכי [Strong's H5444], Sibbecai, seems to be occasioned by the mistake of ס, samech, for a מ, mem, and a נ, noon, for a כ, caph; and a difference in the vowel points. 1 Chronicles 27:11, 2 Samuel 23:27-28, Mebunnai, Zalmon

Ahohite: 1 Chronicles 11:12

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 21:18 - Sibbechai 1 Chronicles 20:4 - Sibbechai

Verse 30

Maharai: 1 Chronicles 27:13

Heled: Heleb seems evidently a mistake for Heled, which is essentially the same with Heldai, the latter merely having a paragogic י, yood. 1 Chronicles 27:15, Heldai, 2 Samuel 23:29, Heleb

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 23:28 - Maharai 1 Chronicles 2:54 - Netophathites Jeremiah 40:8 - Netophathite

Verse 31

Ithai: The variation of איתי [Strong's H863], Ithai, and אתי [Strong's H863], Ittai, simply arises from the elision of י, yood, which is compensated by the reduplication of the next letter. 2 Samuel 23:29, Ittai

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 23:30 - Benaiah 1 Chronicles 27:14 - Benaiah

Verse 32

Hurai: 2 Samuel 23:30, Hiddai

Abiel: 2 Samuel 23:31, Abi-albon

Verse 33

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 23:31 - Barhumite 1 Chronicles 12:3 - Azmaveth

Verse 34

Hashem: 2 Samuel 23:32, 2 Samuel 23:33, Jashen

Verse 35

Sacar: 2 Samuel 23:33, Sharar

Eliphal: 2 Samuel 23:34, Eliphelet, Ahasbai

Verse 37

Hezro: 2 Samuel 23:35, Hezrai, Paarai the Arbite

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 23:37 - Nahari

Verse 38

Joel: 2 Samuel 23:36, Igal the son of Nathan

the son of Haggeri: or, the Hagerite

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 5:10 - the Hagarites

Verse 39

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 23:37 - Zelek

Verse 40

Ithrite: 2 Samuel 20:26, Jairite

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 23:38 - Ira 1 Chronicles 2:53 - Ithrites

Verse 41

Uriah: 2 Samuel 11:6-27, 2 Samuel 23:39

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 11:3 - Uriah 1 Chronicles 2:36 - Zabad Matthew 1:6 - Urias

Verse 45

Son of Shimri: or Shimrite

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 11". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-chronicles-11.html.