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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 23

Introduction

Overview

1 Chronicles 23:1, David in his old age makes Solomon king; 1 Chronicles 23:2, The number and distribution of the Levites; 1 Chronicles 23:7, The families of the Gershonites; 1 Chronicles 23:12, The sons of Kohath; 1 Chronicles 23:21, The sons of Merari; 1 Chronicles 23:24, The office of the Levites.

Verse 1

am 2989, bc 1015, An, Ex, Is, 476

old: 1 Chronicles 29:28, Genesis 25:8, Genesis 35:29, 1 Kings 1:1, Job 5:26

he made: 1 Chronicles 28:5, 1 Chronicles 29:22-Lamentations :, 1 Kings 1:33-Malachi :

Reciprocal: Genesis 15:15 - good Exodus 23:26 - the number Numbers 1:50 - thou shalt Numbers 8:15 - go in 1 Kings 1:35 - I have 1 Chronicles 9:22 - David 2 Chronicles 8:14 - the Levites 2 Chronicles 23:18 - whom David 2 Chronicles 24:15 - and was full of days 2 Chronicles 31:2 - the courses 2 Chronicles 35:4 - after your courses Ezra 6:18 - the priests Nehemiah 7:1 - the porters Nehemiah 12:24 - according Nehemiah 13:30 - appointed Jeremiah 2:10 - the isles

Verse 2

he gathered: 1 Chronicles 13:1, 1 Chronicles 28:1, Joshua 23:2, Joshua 24:1, 2 Chronicles 34:29, 2 Chronicles 34:30

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 6:48 - brethren 1 Chronicles 16:4 - he appointed 1 Chronicles 25:1 - the captains

Verse 3

the Levites: Numbers 4:2, Numbers 4:3, Numbers 4:23, Numbers 4:30, Numbers 4:35, Numbers 4:43, Numbers 4:47

thirty and eight: Numbers 4:48

Reciprocal: Numbers 8:24 - from twenty 2 Samuel 7:5 - Shalt 2 Kings 11:5 - that enter 1 Chronicles 23:24 - twenty 1 Chronicles 23:27 - by the last 2 Chronicles 23:4 - entering Ezra 8:17 - ministers

Verse 4

twenty: 1 Chronicles 23:28-Jonah :, 1 Chronicles 6:48, 1 Chronicles 9:28-Jonah :, 1 Chronicles 26:20-Daniel :

set forward: or, oversee, Nehemiah 11:9, Nehemiah 11:22, Acts 20:28

officers and judges: 1 Chronicles 26:29-Obadiah :, Deuteronomy 16:18, Deuteronomy 17:8-2 Samuel :, 2 Chronicles 19:8, Malachi 2:7

Reciprocal: Exodus 22:8 - the judges Numbers 4:3 - to do 2 Chronicles 34:13 - and of the Levites Ezra 7:25 - set magistrates Nehemiah 3:17 - the ruler Ezekiel 44:24 - in controversy

Verse 5

Amos 6:5

porters: 1 Chronicles 9:17-Daniel :, 1 Chronicles 15:23, 1 Chronicles 15:24, 1 Chronicles 16:38, 1 Chronicles 26:1-2 Kings :, 2 Chronicles 8:14, 2 Chronicles 35:15, Ezra 7:7, Nehemiah 7:73

praised: 1 Chronicles 6:31-Galatians :, 1 Chronicles 9:33, 1 Chronicles 15:16-Song of Solomon :, 1 Chronicles 16:41, 1 Chronicles 16:42, 1 Chronicles 25:1-Judges :, 2 Chronicles 20:19-Ecclesiastes :, Psalms 87:7

the instruments: 1 Kings 10:12, 2 Chronicles 29:25, 2 Chronicles 29:26

Reciprocal: Numbers 4:3 - to do 1 Chronicles 13:8 - with harps 1 Chronicles 25:6 - for song 1 Chronicles 25:7 - two hundred 2 Chronicles 5:12 - the Levites 2 Chronicles 9:11 - harps 2 Chronicles 20:28 - with psalteries 2 Chronicles 34:12 - all 2 Chronicles 34:13 - and of the Levites Ezra 3:10 - after the ordinance Nehemiah 12:27 - thanksgivings Nehemiah 12:36 - musical instruments

Verse 6

divided: 2 Chronicles 8:14, 2 Chronicles 29:25, 2 Chronicles 31:2, 2 Chronicles 35:10, Ezra 6:18

courses: Heb. divisions, 1 Chronicles 24:1, 1 Chronicles 26:1

Gershon: Gershon, גרשון [Strong's H1647], is called גרשם [Strong's H1648], Gershom, in the parallel passage, simply by the mutation of נ, noon, into מ, mem. 1 Chronicles 6:1, 1 Chronicles 6:16, Gershom, Exodus 6:16-Jeremiah :, Numbers 26:57, Numbers 26:58

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 6:43 - Gershom 1 Chronicles 23:21 - Merari

Verse 7

Gershonites: 1 Chronicles 6:17-Proverbs :, 1 Chronicles 15:7, 1 Chronicles 26:21

Laadan: Laadan and Libni, seem to have been two distinct names of this person; but the variation of Shimi and Shimei exists only in the translation, the original being uniformly שמעי [Strong's H8096]. Exodus 6:17, Libni, Shimi

Reciprocal: Numbers 3:18 - General 2 Chronicles 29:12 - of the Gershonites Zechariah 12:13 - Shimei

Verse 8

Jehiel: 1 Chronicles 15:18, 1 Chronicles 15:20, 1 Chronicles 15:21

Joel: 1 Chronicles 6:33, 1 Chronicles 6:34, 1 Chronicles 15:7, 1 Chronicles 15:11, 1 Chronicles 15:17

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 26:22 - Jehieli

Verse 10

Zina: Zina seems to be a mistake for Zizah; for both the LXX and Vulgate read uniformly יזב, Ziza. 1 Chronicles 23:11, Zizah

Reciprocal: Zechariah 12:13 - Shimei

Verse 11

Zizah: 1 Chronicles 23:10

had not many sons: Heb. did not multiply sons

Verse 12

sons of Kohath: 1 Chronicles 6:2, Exodus 6:18, Numbers 3:27, Numbers 26:58

Reciprocal: Exodus 2:1 - of the house Numbers 3:19 - General 1 Chronicles 6:18 - Amram 1 Chronicles 15:9 - Hebron 1 Chronicles 15:10 - Uzziel 1 Chronicles 23:19 - Hebron 1 Chronicles 24:20 - Amram 1 Chronicles 26:23 - Amramites 1 Chronicles 26:29 - Izharites 1 Chronicles 26:30 - the Hebronites 2 Chronicles 29:12 - Kohathites Jeremiah 2:10 - the isles

Verse 13

The sons: 1 Chronicles 6:3, Exodus 6:20, Numbers 3:27, Numbers 26:59

separated: Exodus 28:1-2 Chronicles :, Numbers 18:1, Psalms 99:6, Psalms 106:16, Acts 13:2, Romans 1:1, Galatians 1:15, Hebrews 5:4

sanctify: Exodus 29:33-Haggai :, Exodus 29:44, Exodus 40:9-Ezra :, Leviticus 10:10, Leviticus 10:17, Leviticus 10:18, Leviticus 16:11-Psalms :, Leviticus 16:32, Leviticus 16:33, Leviticus 17:2-Joshua :, Numbers 18:3-Ruth :

to burn incense: Exodus 30:6-2 Samuel :, Exodus 30:34-Zechariah :, Leviticus 10:1, Leviticus 10:2, Leviticus 16:12, Leviticus 16:13, Numbers 16:16-Job :, Numbers 16:35-Matthew :, Numbers 16:46, Numbers 16:47, 1 Samuel 2:28, 2 Chronicles 26:18-Ecclesiastes :, Luke 1:9, Revelation 8:3

to bless: Leviticus 9:22, Leviticus 9:23, Numbers 6:23-Daniel :, Deuteronomy 21:5

Reciprocal: Exodus 30:7 - dresseth Numbers 3:19 - General 1 Kings 9:25 - he burnt

Verse 14

the man: Deuteronomy 33:1, Psalms 90:1, *title

his sons: 1 Chronicles 26:23-Lamentations :

Reciprocal: Exodus 2:22 - Gershom 1 Timothy 6:11 - O man 2 Peter 1:21 - in old time

Verse 15

Gershom: Exodus 2:22, Exodus 4:20, Exodus 18:3, Exodus 18:4

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 26:24 - Shebuel 1 Chronicles 26:25 - Eliezer

Verse 16

Shebuel: 1 Chronicles 24:20, 1 Chronicles 25:20, Shubael, 1 Chronicles 26:24

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 6:53 - Zadok

Verse 17

the chief: or, the first, 1 Chronicles 26:25

were very many: Heb. were highly multiplied

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 24:21 - Rehabiah

Verse 18

Shelomith: 1 Chronicles 24:22, Shelomoth, 1 Chronicles 26:26

Reciprocal: Numbers 3:19 - General 1 Chronicles 26:25 - Shelomith

Verse 19

Hebron: 1 Chronicles 23:12, 1 Chronicles 15:9, 1 Chronicles 24:23

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 26:30 - the Hebronites 1 Chronicles 26:31 - Jerijah

Verse 20

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 24:24 - Michah 1 Chronicles 24:25 - Isshiah

Verse 21

Merari: 1 Chronicles 23:6, 1 Chronicles 6:20, 1 Chronicles 6:30, 1 Chronicles 24:26-Amos :

Mahli: Exodus 6:19, Mahali

Reciprocal: Numbers 3:20 - General Numbers 3:33 - General 1 Chronicles 6:19 - Mahli 1 Chronicles 6:47 - Merari 1 Chronicles 24:27 - sons 2 Chronicles 29:12 - of the sons

Verse 22

had no sons: 1 Chronicles 24:28

brethren: or, kinsmen

took them: Numbers 36:6-Ruth :

Reciprocal: Numbers 36:8 - every daughter

Verse 23

Jeremoth: 1 Chronicles 24:30, Jerimoth

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 6:47 - Mahli

Verse 24

the sons of Levi: Numbers 10:17, Numbers 10:21

after the house: Numbers 1:4, Numbers 2:32, Numbers 3:15, Numbers 3:20, Numbers 4:34-Ephesians :

by their polls: Numbers 1:2, Numbers 1:18, Numbers 1:22, Numbers 3:47

from the age: At first David appointed the Levites to serve from thirty years old and upwards; but considering, probably, that the temple which was about to be built, with its courts, chambers, etc., would require a more numerous ministry, he fixed this period, by this subsequent regulation, at twenty years and upwards. In the time of Moses, the age was from thirty years to fifty: here this latter period is not mentioned, probably because the service was not so laborious now; for the ark being fixed, they had no longer any burdens to carry; and therefore even an old man might continue to serve. See note on Numbers 8:24.

twenty: 1 Chronicles 23:3, 1 Chronicles 23:27, Numbers 1:3, Numbers 4:3, Numbers 8:24, Ezra 3:8

Reciprocal: Numbers 4:35 - General 1 Chronicles 24:4 - according 1 Chronicles 24:6 - principal household 1 Chronicles 26:32 - chief fathers 2 Chronicles 31:17 - twenty

Verse 25

The Lord: 1 Chronicles 22:18, 2 Samuel 7:1, 2 Samuel 7:11

that they may dwell in Jerusalem: or, and he dwelleth in Jerusalem, 1 Kings 8:13, 1 Kings 8:27, Psalms 9:11, Psalms 68:16, Psalms 68:18, Psalms 132:13, Psalms 132:14, Psalms 135:21, Isaiah 8:18, Joel 3:21, Zechariah 8:3, 2 Corinthians 6:16, Colossians 2:9

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 12:9 - General Revelation 7:15 - dwell

Verse 26

carry: Numbers 4:5, Numbers 4:49, Numbers 7:9

Reciprocal: Numbers 4:35 - General Deuteronomy 10:8 - bear 2 Chronicles 35:3 - not be Ezra 8:17 - ministers

Verse 27

by the last: 1 Chronicles 23:3, 1 Chronicles 23:24, 2 Samuel 23:1, Psalms 72:20

numbered: Heb. numbers

Reciprocal: Numbers 4:35 - General Numbers 4:47 - From thirty 1 Chronicles 16:4 - minister 2 Chronicles 31:17 - twenty

Verse 28

office was to wait: etc. Heb. station was at the hand of Aaron, 1 Chronicles 18:17, *marg. Nehemiah 11:24

for the service: 1 Chronicles 23:4, 1 Chronicles 28:13, Numbers 3:6-1 Samuel :, 1 Kings 6:5, 2 Chronicles 31:11, Ezra 8:29, Nehemiah 13:4, Nehemiah 13:5, Nehemiah 13:9, Jeremiah 35:4, Ezekiel 41:6-1 Kings :, Ezekiel 41:26, Ezekiel 42:3, Ezekiel 42:13

purifying: 1 Chronicles 9:28, 1 Chronicles 9:29, 2 Chronicles 29:5, 2 Chronicles 29:18, 2 Chronicles 29:19, 2 Chronicles 35:3-Joshua :, 2 Chronicles 35:11-:

Reciprocal: Leviticus 2:4 - meat offering Numbers 3:7 - keep Numbers 4:3 - to do Numbers 8:19 - I have given 1 Chronicles 6:47 - Merari 2 Chronicles 23:6 - they that minister 2 Chronicles 29:15 - to cleanse Ezra 8:28 - the vessels Nehemiah 12:44 - Judah rejoiced Nehemiah 12:45 - the ward Jeremiah 35:2 - into one Ezekiel 40:7 - General Ezekiel 40:17 - there were Ezekiel 44:14 - General

Verse 29

for the showbread: It was the priests' office to place this bread before the Lord; and it was their privilege to feed on the old loaves when they were replaced by the new. 1 Chronicles 9:31, 1 Chronicles 9:32, Exodus 25:30, Leviticus 24:5-1 Samuel :, 1 Kings 7:48, 2 Chronicles 13:11, 2 Chronicles 29:18, Nehemiah 10:33, Matthew 12:4, Hebrews 9:2

the fine flour: 1 Chronicles 9:29-Nahum :, Leviticus 6:20-Isaiah :

unleavened: Leviticus 2:4-Judges :, Leviticus 7:9

pan: or, flat plate

for all manner of measure: The standards of all weights and measures were in the sanctuary; and therefore the Levites had the inspection of weights and measures of every kind, that no fraud might in this way be committed. Honesty is inseparably connected with piety; and hence the Levites, being sufficiently numerous, were employed to superintend the former, as well as the latter. Leviticus 19:35, Leviticus 19:36, Numbers 3:50

Reciprocal: Leviticus 24:8 - General

Verse 30

stand: 1 Chronicles 6:31-Micah :, 1 Chronicles 9:33, 1 Chronicles 16:37-Luke :, 1 Chronicles 25:1-Judges :, 2 Chronicles 29:25-Hosea :, 2 Chronicles 31:2, Ezra 3:10, Ezra 3:11, Psalms 135:1-Leviticus :, Psalms 135:19, Psalms 135:20, Psalms 137:2-Numbers :, Revelation 5:8-2 Chronicles :, Revelation 14:3

every morning: Exodus 29:39-Luke :, Psalms 92:1-Leviticus :, Psalms 134:1, Psalms 134:2

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 5:12 - the Levites

Verse 31

in the sabbaths: Leviticus 23:24, Leviticus 23:39, Numbers 10:10, Psalms 81:1-Numbers :, Isaiah 1:13, Isaiah 1:14

set feasts: Leviticus 23:1-Esther :, Numbers 28:1 - Numbers 29:40

Reciprocal: Numbers 28:11 - in the beginnings Numbers 29:39 - in your set feasts 2 Kings 4:23 - new moon Colossians 2:16 - the new

Verse 32

keep: 1 Chronicles 9:27, Numbers 1:53, 1 Kings 8:4

the charge of the sons: Numbers 3:6-1 Samuel :, Numbers 3:38

Reciprocal: Numbers 3:25 - the charge Numbers 8:26 - to keep Numbers 31:30 - keep the 2 Kings 11:5 - that enter 1 Chronicles 9:23 - the oversight Nehemiah 12:25 - keeping Ezekiel 44:8 - charge Zechariah 3:7 - if thou wilt keep

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 23". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-chronicles-23.html.