Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 28

Introduction

1David in a solemn assembly having declared God's favour to him, and promise to his son Solomon, exhorts them to fear God.
9He encourages Solomon to build the temple.
11He gives him patterns, gold and silver, etc.

Verse 1

And David assembled all the princes of Israel, the princes of the tribes, and the captains of the companies that ministered to the king by course, and the captains over the thousands, and captains over the hundreds, and the stewards over all the substance and possession of the king, and of his sons, with the officers, and with the mighty men, and with all the valiant men, unto Jerusalem.
assembled
23:2; Joshua 23:2; 24:1
the princes
27:16-22
the captains of the companies
27:1-15,25
the stewards
27:25-31
substance
or, cattle. and of his sons. or, and his sons. officers. or, eunuchs.
27:32-34
the mighty men
11:10-47
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:1 - assembled;  1 Kings 20:7 - all the elders;  2 Kings 8:6 - officer;  1 Chronicles 29:1 - said unto;  2 Chronicles 1:2 - to the captains;  2 Chronicles 5:2 - Then Solomon;  2 Chronicles 18:8 - officers;  2 Chronicles 28:12 - the heads;  Nehemiah 12:31 - the princes;  Psalm 91:1 - GeneralLuke 16:1 - a steward

Verse 2

Then David the king stood up upon his feet, and said, Hear me, my brethren, and my people: As for me, I had in mine heart to build an house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and for the footstool of our God, and had made ready for the building:
stood up
Genesis 48:2; 1 Kings 1:47
my brethren
11:1-3; Deuteronomy 17:15,20; Psalms 22:22; Hebrews 2:11,12
I had in mine heart
17:1,2; 2 Samuel 7:1,2; 1 Kings 8:17,18
rest
6:31; Psalms 132:3-8,14
the footstool
Psalms 99:5; 132:7; Isaiah 66:1; Lamentations 2:1; Acts 7:49
had made ready
18:7-11; 22:2-5,14
Reciprocal: Exodus 35:21 - GeneralDeuteronomy 3:26 - Let it;  2 Samuel 7:3 - all that;  1 Chronicles 17:4 - Thou shalt not;  1 Chronicles 22:7 - it was in;  2 Chronicles 1:11 - this was;  2 Chronicles 6:7 - General2 Chronicles 6:41 - thy resting;  Isaiah 60:13 - the place;  Ezekiel 43:7 - and the place;  Matthew 25:16 - went;  Mark 14:8 - hath done;  Acts 7:46 - and desired

Verse 3

But God said unto me, Thou shalt not build an house for my name, because thou hast been a man of war, and hast shed blood.
Thou shalt
17:4; 22:8; 2 Samuel 7:5-13; 1 Kings 5:3; 2 Chronicles 6:8,9
blood
Heb. bloods.
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 3:2 - was no;  Psalm 119:42 - for I trust;  Mark 14:8 - hath done;  Acts 7:46 - and desired

Verse 4

Howbeit the LORD God of Israel chose me before all the house of my father to be king over Israel for ever: for he hath chosen Judah to be the ruler; and of the house of Judah, the house of my father; and among the sons of my father he liked me to make me king over all Israel:
chose me
1 Samuel 16:6-13; 2 Samuel 7:8-16; Psalms 78:68-72; 89:16-27
chosen Judah
5:2; Genesis 49:8-10; Psalms 60:7; 108:8; Hebrews 7:14
the house of Judah
1 Samuel 16:1
the house of my father
1 Samuel 26:1
among the sons
1 Samuel 16:12,13; Psalms 18:19; 147:10,11
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 1:11 - Nathan;  1 Kings 1:35 - I have;  1 Kings 8:16 - I chose David;  2 Chronicles 6:6 - chosen David;  2 Chronicles 13:5 - to David;  Matthew 20:15 - it;  John 3:27 - A man;  Acts 7:46 - found;  Acts 13:22 - he raised;  Acts 15:7 - God;  Romans 13:1 - there;  Galatians 1:15 - it

Verse 5

And of all my sons, (for the LORD hath given me many sons,) he hath chosen Solomon my son to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of the LORD over Israel.
all my sons
3:1-9; 14:4-7
he hath chosen
22:9,10; 23:1; 29:1
to sit
17:14; 29:23; 2 Chronicles 1:8,9; Psalms 72:1; *title; Psalms 72:1-20; Isaiah 9:6,7
Reciprocal: Genesis 33:5 - children;  Numbers 20:28 - put them;  Deuteronomy 17:15 - whom;  2 Samuel 12:24 - she bare;  1 Kings 1:5 - I will;  1 Kings 1:11 - Nathan;  1 Kings 1:20 - that thou;  1 Kings 1:35 - I have;  1 Kings 2:4 - his word;  1 Kings 2:15 - for it was;  1 Kings 8:20 - as the Lord;  1 Chronicles 3:5 - Solomon;  1 Chronicles 17:11 - I will raise;  1 Chronicles 25:5 - God gave;  2 Chronicles 6:10 - as the Lord;  2 Chronicles 13:5 - to David;  Psalm 127:3 - children;  Proverbs 1:1 - Solomon;  Proverbs 8:15 - By;  Ecclesiastes 6:3 - a man;  Matthew 1:6 - Solomon;  Matthew 20:15 - it;  John 3:27 - A man;  Acts 7:46 - found;  Acts 13:22 - he raised;  Acts 15:7 - God;  Romans 13:1 - there;  Galatians 1:15 - it

Verse 6

And he said unto me, Solomon thy son, he shall build my house and my courts: for I have chosen him to be my son, and I will be his father.
he shall
17:11-14; 22:9,10; 2 Samuel 7:13,14; 2 Chronicles 1:9; Zechariah 6:12,13; Hebrews 3:3,6
I have
Hebrews 4:5
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 12:24 - she bare;  1 Kings 1:20 - that thou;  1 Kings 5:5 - as the Lord;  1 Kings 8:13 - surely built;  1 Kings 8:19 - General1 Kings 8:20 - as the Lord;  1 Chronicles 3:5 - Solomon;  1 Chronicles 14:4 - Solomon;  1 Chronicles 17:12 - He shall;  1 Chronicles 28:10 - Take heed now;  1 Chronicles 29:1 - whom;  2 Chronicles 6:2 - I have built;  Ezekiel 40:14 - the court;  Hebrews 1:5 - I will

Verse 7

Moreover I will establish his kingdom for ever, if he be constant to do my commandments and my judgments, as at this day.
Moreover
Psalms 89:28-37; 132:12; Daniel 2:44
if
22:13; 1 Kings 6:12,13; 9:4,5; 11:9-13
constant
Heb. strong.
10; Joshua 1:6,7; 1 Kings 2:2-4
as at this day
1 Kings 8:61; 11:4
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:13 - be circumspect;  Joshua 22:5 - take;  2 Samuel 7:13 - I will stablish;  1 Chronicles 22:10 - I will establish;  2 Chronicles 1:9 - let thy promise

Verse 8

Now therefore in the sight of all Israel the congregation of the LORD, and in the audience of our God, keep and seek for all the commandments of the LORD your God: that ye may possess this good land, and leave it for an inheritance for your children after you for ever.
in the sight
Deuteronomy 4:6; Matthew 5:14-16; Philippians 2:15,16; Hebrews 12:1,2
in the audience
Deuteronomy 4:26; 29:10,15; Acts 10:33
keep
Psalms 119:4,10,11,27,33,34,44; Proverbs 2:1-5; 3:1; Isaiah 34:16; Acts 17:11
that ye may
Deuteronomy 4:1; 5:32,33; 6:1-3
leave it
Ezra 9:12; Proverbs 13:22
Reciprocal: Joshua 22:5 - take;  1 Kings 2:3 - And keep;  1 Kings 3:3 - walking;  1 Chronicles 29:1 - said unto;  Isaiah 45:19 - Seek

Verse 9

And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the LORD searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever.
know thou
Deuteronomy 4:35; 1 Kings 8:43; Psalms 9:10; Jeremiah 9:24; 22:16; 24:7; 31:34; Hosea 4:1,6; John 8:55; 17:3; Acts 17:23,30; Romans 1:28; 1 Corinthians 15:34; 2 Corinthians 4:6
the God
Genesis 28:13; Exodus 3:16; 15:2; 1 Kings 3:6; Psalms 18:2; 89:26
serve him
29:9,17-19; 1 Kings 8:61; 2 Kings 20:3; 22:2; Job 36:11,12; Psalms 101:2; John 1:47; 4:24; Romans 1:29; Hebrews 12:28
a willing mind
2 Corinthians 8:12; 9:7; 1 Peter 5:2
the Lord
29:17; 1 Samuel 16:7; 1 Kings 8:39; Psalms 7:9; 139:2; Proverbs 17:3; Jeremiah 11:20; 17:10; Jeremiah 20:12; John 2:25; 21:17; Acts 1:24; Hebrews 4:13; Revelation 2:23
the imaginations
Genesis 6:5; 8:21; Deuteronomy 31:21; Psalms 139:2; Ezekiel 38:10
if thou seek
2 Chronicles 15:2; Proverbs 2:1-6; Isaiah 45:19; 55:6,7; Jeremiah 29:13; Matthew 7:7,8; James 4:8-11
if thou forsake
Deuteronomy 31:16,17; 1 Kings 9:6-9; Ezra 8:22; Isaiah 1:28; Hebrews 10:38,39
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:19 - command;  Exodus 35:21 - GeneralNumbers 14:43 - because;  Deuteronomy 3:28 - charge Joshua;  Deuteronomy 4:15 - Take ye;  Deuteronomy 4:39 - and consider;  Joshua 24:20 - he will turn;  Judges 2:10 - knew not;  Judges 10:13 - General1 Samuel 7:3 - prepare;  1 Samuel 12:22 - the Lord;  1 Samuel 15:23 - thou hast rejected;  1 Kings 2:3 - And keep;  1 Kings 2:4 - That the Lord;  1 Kings 3:3 - walking;  1 Kings 3:14 - if thou;  1 Kings 6:12 - if thou wilt;  1 Kings 6:13 - will not forsake;  1 Kings 8:25 - thy children;  1 Kings 8:57 - General1 Kings 11:4 - his heart;  1 Kings 11:33 - they have forsaken;  2 Kings 21:22 - General1 Chronicles 16:10 - let the heart;  1 Chronicles 22:19 - set your;  1 Chronicles 29:18 - in the imagination;  1 Chronicles 29:19 - And give;  2 Chronicles 6:30 - thou only;  2 Chronicles 7:17 - if thou wilt;  2 Chronicles 7:19 - if ye turn away;  2 Chronicles 12:2 - because;  2 Chronicles 12:5 - Ye have forsaken me;  2 Chronicles 14:7 - we have sought;  2 Chronicles 24:20 - because;  2 Chronicles 34:3 - to seek;  Job 18:21 - knoweth;  Job 22:21 - Acquaint;  Psalm 27:9 - leave;  Psalm 43:2 - why dost;  Psalm 53:2 - seek;  Psalm 60:1 - O God;  Psalm 89:30 - If;  Psalm 89:38 - But;  Psalm 139:1 - thou hast;  Proverbs 3:6 - In;  Proverbs 4:2 - forsake;  Proverbs 4:4 - He;  Proverbs 9:10 - the knowledge;  Proverbs 15:5 - fool;  Isaiah 65:11 - they that;  Jeremiah 2:17 - in that;  Jeremiah 29:14 - I will be;  Lamentations 3:25 - unto;  Ezekiel 11:5 - for;  Daniel 11:32 - the people;  Hosea 6:6 - the;  Amos 5:4 - Seek;  Mark 8:15 - he charged;  Luke 5:22 - perceived;  Luke 6:8 - But;  John 2:24 - because;  Acts 15:8 - which;  Romans 8:27 - And he;  1 Corinthians 9:17 - if I;  Galatians 4:9 - ye have;  Ephesians 6:4 - but;  1 Thessalonians 2:11 - as;  1 Timothy 3:15 - know;  1 Timothy 6:14 - keep;  Hebrews 8:11 - Know the;  Hebrews 10:22 - a true;  Hebrews 11:6 - diligently

Verse 10

Take heed now; for the LORD hath chosen thee to build an house for the sanctuary: be strong, and do it.
Take heed now
6; 22:16-19; 1 Timothy 4:16
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 3:28 - charge Joshua;  Deuteronomy 4:15 - Take ye;  Deuteronomy 31:6 - Be strong;  Joshua 1:6 - Be strong;  2 Samuel 7:13 - He shall;  1 Kings 1:20 - that thou;  1 Kings 5:5 - as the Lord;  1 Kings 8:13 - surely built;  1 Chronicles 22:13 - be strong;  1 Chronicles 28:7 - constant;  1 Chronicles 28:20 - Be strong;  1 Chronicles 29:1 - palace;  2 Chronicles 19:6 - Take;  2 Chronicles 32:7 - strong;  Ezra 10:4 - we also will;  Psalm 68:29 - Because;  Psalm 127:1 - build;  Mark 8:15 - he charged;  1 Corinthians 16:13 - be;  Ephesians 6:4 - but;  Ephesians 6:10 - be;  1 Timothy 6:14 - keep

Verse 11

Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper chambers thereof, and of the inner parlours thereof, and of the place of the mercy seat,
David
He gave him an ichnograph of the building, with elevations, sections and specifications of every part; and all this he himself received by inspiration from God himself, (ver. 12, 19,) just as Moses had received the plan of the tabernacle.
the pattern
19; Exodus 25:40; 26:30; 39:42,43; 2 Chronicles 3:3; Ezekiel 43:10,11; Hebrews 8:5
the porch
1 Kings 6:3; 2 Chronicles 3:4; Ezekiel 40:8,9,15,48,49
the houses
1 Kings 6:16-20; 2 Chronicles 3:5-10; Ezekiel 41:13-17; Hebrews 9:2-8
the treasuries
[gnzkyw] ganzakkaiv: the word [gnzk] ganzach, is supposed to be not Hebrew, but Persian; in which language we have [gng] ganj, a granary, a hidden treasure, and [gngwr] gunjoor, and [gngynh] gunjineh, a treasure, treasury, or barn. It may, however, be a Chaldee form of the Hebrew [gnz] genez, (from [gnz] genaz, to treasure up;) the [k] being merely formative, as in [dk] dech, ['lk] illaich, and other Chaldee words.
9:26-29; 26:20-27; Luke 21:1
upper chambers
1 Kings 6:5,6,10; 2 Chronicles 3:9; Nehemiah 10:38,39; 13:5; Jeremiah 35:2; Ezekiel 41:6-11
the place
Exodus 25:17-22; 40:20,21; 1 Kings 6:19; 2 Chronicles 5:7; Hebrews 9:5
Reciprocal: Exodus 25:9 - the pattern of the tabernacle;  Exodus 27:8 - as it was showed;  Exodus 30:6 - before the mercy seat that is over the testimony;  Exodus 37:6 - GeneralNumbers 8:4 - the pattern;  1 Kings 7:51 - things which David his father had dedicated;  2 Kings 16:10 - the pattern;  2 Chronicles 29:17 - the porch;  Ezekiel 40:29 - the little;  Acts 7:44 - that he;  Hebrews 4:16 - the throne

Verse 12

And the pattern of all that he had by the spirit, of the courts of the house of the LORD, and of all the chambers round about, of the treasuries of the house of God, and of the treasuries of the dedicated things:
the pattern
Exodus 31:2
all
"By the spirit of prophecy that was with him," say the Targumist.
that he had by
Heb. that was with him by. the spirit.
Exodus 25:40; Hebrews 8:5
the treasuries
26:20,26-28; 1 Kings 14:26; 15:15,18; 2 Kings 16:8; 18:15
Reciprocal: Numbers 4:3 - thirty years;  Numbers 8:24 - from twenty;  Joshua 6:19 - all the silver;  2 Kings 16:10 - the pattern;  1 Chronicles 28:11 - David;  1 Chronicles 28:19 - the Lord;  2 Chronicles 4:7 - according to;  2 Chronicles 29:25 - according;  Proverbs 8:12 - knowledge;  Ezekiel 40:2 - frame;  Ezekiel 40:29 - the little

Verse 13

Also for the courses of the priests and the Levites, and for all the work of the service of the house of the LORD, and for all the vessels of service in the house of the LORD.
the courses
24:1-19; 25:1-31
the vessels
9:29; 1 Kings 7:1-51; Ezra 8:25-30,33
Reciprocal: Numbers 4:3 - thirty years;  Numbers 4:35 - GeneralNumbers 8:24 - from twenty;  1 Chronicles 9:22 - David;  1 Chronicles 23:28 - for the service

Verse 14

He gave of gold by weight for things of gold, for all instruments of all manner of service; silver also for all instruments of silver by weight, for all instruments of every kind of service:
of gold
The quantity of gold which was to be put in each article.
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 29:2 - the gold;  Ezra 8:33 - weighed

Verse 15

Even the weight for the candlesticks of gold, and for their lamps of gold, by weight for every candlestick, and for the lamps thereof: and for the candlesticks of silver by weight, both for the candlestick, and also for the lamps thereof, according to the use of every candlestick.
the candlesticks
Exodus 25:31-39; 1 Kings 7:19; 2 Chronicles 4:7; Zechariah 4:2,3,11-14; Revelation 1:12,13,20; Revelation 2:1
Reciprocal: Exodus 37:17 - the candlestick of;  Leviticus 24:4 - the pure

Verse 16

And by weight he gave gold for the tables of shewbread, for every table; and likewise silver for the tables of silver:
tables of shewbread
Exodus 25:23-30; 1 Kings 7:48; 2 Chronicles 4:8,19

Verse 17

Also pure gold for the fleshhooks, and the bowls, and the cups: and for the golden basons he gave gold by weight for every bason; and likewise silver by weight for every bason of silver:
pure gold
1 Samuel 2:13,14; 2 Chronicles 4:20-22
the bowls
Numbers 7:13,14; 1 Kings 7:48-50; 10:21
Reciprocal: Exodus 27:3 - fleshhooks;  2 Chronicles 4:16 - fleshhooks;  2 Chronicles 8:12 - on the altar;  Nehemiah 7:70 - basins;  Jeremiah 52:18 - bowls

Verse 18

And for the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the pattern of the chariot of the cherubims, that spread out their wings, and covered the ark of the covenant of the LORD.
the altar
Exodus 30:1-10; 1 Kings 7:48
the chariot
Exodus 25:18-22; 1 Samuel 4:4; 1 Kings 6:23-30; Psalms 18:10; 68:17; 80:1; 99:1; Ezekiel 1:15-24; 10:2-22; Hebrews 9:5
Reciprocal: Exodus 25:20 - cherubims shall;  1 Chronicles 4:18 - Socho

Verse 19

All this, said David, the LORD made me understand in writing by his hand upon me, even all the works of this pattern.
the Lord
11,12; Exodus 25:40; 26:30
by his hand upon me
Ezekiel 1:3; 3:14,22
Reciprocal: Exodus 27:8 - as it was showed;  Exodus 39:32 - according;  2 Kings 16:10 - the pattern;  2 Chronicles 4:7 - according to;  2 Chronicles 8:14 - so had David the man of God commanded;  2 Chronicles 29:25 - according;  Proverbs 8:12 - knowledge;  Ezekiel 40:2 - frame;  Ezekiel 43:10 - show;  Acts 7:44 - that he;  Hebrews 8:5 - See

Verse 20

And David said to Solomon his son, Be strong and of good courage, and do it: fear not, nor be dismayed: for the LORD God, even my God, will be with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee, until thou hast finished all the work for the service of the house of the LORD.
Be strong
10; 22:13; Deuteronomy 31:7,8; Joshua 1:6-9; 1 Corinthians 16:13
fear not
Psalms 27:1,2; Isaiah 41:10,13; Romans 8:31
he will not fail thee
Joshua 1:5; Hebrews 13:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 15:1 - Fear;  Deuteronomy 3:28 - charge Joshua;  Deuteronomy 31:6 - Be strong;  Joshua 1:17 - only the Lord;  1 Kings 1:37 - As the;  1 Kings 2:2 - be thou;  1 Kings 6:13 - will not forsake;  1 Kings 8:13 - surely built;  1 Chronicles 22:11 - the Lord;  2 Chronicles 6:2 - I have built;  2 Chronicles 15:7 - ye strong;  2 Chronicles 32:7 - strong;  Ezra 1:3 - his God;  Psalm 127:1 - build;  Proverbs 15:5 - fool;  Ecclesiastes 9:10 - thy hand;  Isaiah 35:4 - Be strong;  Amos 5:14 - and so;  Haggai 2:4 - now;  Zechariah 8:9 - Let;  Mark 8:15 - he charged;  Ephesians 6:4 - but;  Ephesians 6:10 - be;  1 Thessalonians 2:11 - as;  1 Timothy 6:14 - keep

Verse 21

And, behold, the courses of the priests and the Levites, even they shall be with thee for all the service of the house of God: and there shall be with thee for all manner of workmanship every willing skilful man, for any manner of service: also the princes and all the people will be wholly at thy commandment.
the courses
24:1-26
all manner
Exodus 31:3
willing
Exodus 35:25,26,35; 36:1-4; Romans 13:1; Psalms 110:3
also the princes
22:17,18; Titus 3:1 Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 9:22 - David;  1 Chronicles 29:24 - all the princes;  Ezra 10:4 - we also will

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 28". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-chronicles-28.html.