Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Chronicles 2

Introduction

1Solomon's labourers for the building of the temple.
3His embassage to Huram for workmen and provision of stuff.
11Huram sends him a kind answer.
17Solomon employs strangers, as labourers, and overseers.

Verse 1

And Solomon determined to build an house for the name of the LORD, and an house for his kingdom.
determined
1 Kings 5:5
for the name
Deuteronomy 12:5,11; 28:58; 1 Kings 8:18,20; 1 Chronicles 22:10; Matthew 6:9,10
an house
1 Kings 7:1; 9:1
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 3:1 - the house;  2 Chronicles 2:4 - build;  2 Chronicles 2:12 - an house;  2 Chronicles 7:11 - Solomon;  Acts 7:47 - General

Verse 2

And Solomon told out threescore and ten thousand men to bear burdens, and fourscore thousand to hew in the mountain, and three thousand and six hundred to oversee them.
told out threescore
18; 1 Kings 5:15,16
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 2:17 - numbered

Verse 3

And Solomon sent to Huram the king of Tyre, saying, As thou didst deal with David my father, and didst send him cedars to build him an house to dwell therein, even so deal with me.
Huram
1 Kings 5:1
Hiram
As thou didst.
2 Samuel 5:11; 1 Chronicles 14:1
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 5:2 - General1 Chronicles 22:4 - cedar trees

Verse 4

Behold, I build an house to the name of the LORD my God, to dedicate it to him, and to burn before him sweet incense, and for the continual shewbread, and for the burnt offerings morning and evening, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts of the LORD our God. This is an ordinance for ever to Israel.
build
1; 1 Kings 8:18
to dedicate
1 Kings 8:63
to burn
Exodus 30:7
sweet incense
Heb. incense of spices. the continual.
Exodus 25:30; Leviticus 24:5-9
the burnt
Exodus 29:38-42; Numbers 28:3,4,9-11
the solemn feasts
Leviticus 23:1-17; Numbers 28:1-29
Reciprocal: Exodus 39:38 - sweet incense;  Leviticus 24:8 - GeneralNumbers 28:6 - a continual;  Numbers 28:11 - in the beginnings;  1 Chronicles 16:40 - To offer;  1 Chronicles 22:7 - unto the name;  1 Chronicles 29:1 - palace;  2 Chronicles 6:2 - I have built;  2 Chronicles 7:5 - dedicated;  2 Chronicles 13:11 - they burn;  2 Chronicles 20:8 - built thee;  Nehemiah 10:33 - the showbread;  Psalm 81:3 - solemn;  Proverbs 7:20 - the day appointed

Verse 5

And the house which I build is great: for great is our God above all gods.
great
9; 1 Kings 9:8; 1 Chronicles 29:1; Ezekiel 7:20
great is our God
Exodus 15:11; 1 Chronicles 16:25; Psalms 86:8,9; 135:5; 145:3; Jeremiah 10:6; 1 Timothy 6:15
Reciprocal: Exodus 18:11 - the Lord;  2 Samuel 7:22 - Wherefore;  1 Kings 5:5 - behold;  1 Chronicles 22:5 - exceeding;  Psalm 68:29 - Because;  Psalm 76:1 - his;  Psalm 136:2 - the God;  Jeremiah 17:12 - GeneralDaniel 4:30 - that;  Acts 7:48 - dwelleth

Verse 6

But who is able to build him an house, seeing the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain him? who am I then, that I should build him an house, save only to burn sacrifice before him?
But who
6:18; 1 Kings 8:27; Isaiah 66:1; Acts 7:48,49
is able
Heb. hath returned, or obtained strength. who am I then.
1:10; Exodus 3:11; 2 Samuel 7:18; 1 Chronicles 29:14; 2 Corinthians 2:16; Ephesians 3:8
save only
Deuteronomy 12:5,6,11,14,26
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 17:5 - dwelt;  Ezra 6:3 - the place;  Ezra 7:15 - whose habitation;  Psalm 68:29 - Because;  Psalm 76:1 - his;  Psalm 132:5 - an habitation;  Jeremiah 17:12 - GeneralJeremiah 23:24 - Do;  Daniel 4:30 - that;  Acts 17:24 - dwelleth;  Revelation 21:22 - I saw

Verse 7

Send me now therefore a man cunning to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass, and in iron, and in purple, and crimson, and blue, and that can skill to grave with the cunning men that are with me in Judah and in Jerusalem, whom David my father did provide.
cunning
Exodus 31:3-5; 1 Kings 7:14; Isaiah 28:26,29; 60:10
to grave
Heb. to grave gravings. whom David.
1 Chronicles 22:15,16
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:22 - brass;  Exodus 26:31 - cunning work;  Exodus 28:9 - grave;  Exodus 31:4 - General2 Chronicles 2:14 - skilful;  2 Chronicles 26:15 - cunning men;  Isaiah 23:18 - her merchandise

Verse 8

Send me also cedar trees, fir trees, and algum trees, out of Lebanon: for I know that thy servants can skill to cut timber in Lebanon; and, behold, my servants shall be with thy servants,
Send me also
1 Kings 5:6
algum trees
or, algummim. Called in the parallel passage, by a transposition of letters, almuggim, or "almug-trees;" which is rendered by the Vulgate, ligna thyina, the thya or lignum vitæ wood. Theophrastus say that "the thyon of thya tree grows near the temple of Jupiter Ammon (in Africa), and in the Cyrenaica; that it resembles the cypress in its boughs, leaves, stalk, and fruit; and that its wood (from its close texture) never rots." The LXX. render here [peukina;] and Josephus calls it [xyla peukina] torch or pine-trees; but cautions us against supposing that the wood was like what was known in his time by that name; for these "were to the sight like the wood of the fig-tree, but more white and shining." The Syriac version has kaiso dekee-sotho, probably cypress wood; and Dr. Shaw supposes it denotes the cypress. Several critics understand it to mean gummy wood; and Celsius queries whether it may not be the sandal-tree, as the Rabbins and Dr. Geddes suppose.
1 Kings 10:11
almug-trees
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 9:11 - Now Hiram;  1 Chronicles 14:1 - and timber;  Song of Solomon 1:17 - beams;  Amos 1:9 - brotherly covenant;  Haggai 1:8 - to;  Revelation 18:12 - thyine

Verse 9

Even to prepare me timber in abundance: for the house which I am about to build shall be wonderful great.
wonderful great
Heb. great and wonderful.
5; 7:21; 1 Kings 9:8
Reciprocal: Psalm 78:69 - high;  Song of Solomon 1:17 - beams;  Ezekiel 7:20 - the beauty

Verse 10

And, behold, I will give to thy servants, the hewers that cut timber, twenty thousand measures of beaten wheat, and twenty thousand measures of barley, and twenty thousand baths of wine, and twenty thousand baths of oil.
I will give
1 Kings 5:11; Luke 10:7; Romans 13:7,8
baths of wine
1 Kings 7:26,38; Ezra 7:22
Reciprocal: Genesis 27:28 - plenty;  Deuteronomy 8:8 - barley;  1 Kings 5:6 - cedar trees;  2 Chronicles 2:15 - which my lord;  2 Chronicles 34:13 - the bearers;  Ezra 3:7 - meat;  Ezekiel 27:17 - wheat;  Acts 12:20 - because

Verse 11

Then Huram the king of Tyre answered in writing, which he sent to Solomon, Because the LORD hath loved his people, he hath made thee king over them.
Because
9:8; Deuteronomy 7:7,8; 1 Kings 10:9; Psalms 72:17
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 5:12 - his people;  1 Kings 5:7 - Blessed;  1 Chronicles 14:1 - Hiram;  1 Chronicles 14:2 - because;  Psalm 72:15 - daily;  Isaiah 23:18 - her merchandise;  Ezekiel 16:14 - thy renown;  Daniel 6:23 - was;  Luke 7:5 - he loveth

Verse 12

Huram said moreover, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, that made heaven and earth, who hath given to David the king a wise son, endued with prudence and understanding, that might build an house for the LORD, and an house for his kingdom.
Huram
1 Kings 5:7; 1 Chronicles 29:20; Psalms 72:18,19; Luke 1:68; 1 Peter 1:3
that made heaven
Genesis 1:1-2; Psalms 33:6; 102:5; 124:8; 136:5,6; 146:5,6; Jeremiah 10:10; Acts 4:24; 14:15; Colossians 1:16,17; Revelation 4:11; 10:6
endued, etc
Heb. knowing prudence and understanding.
1:10-12
an house
Reciprocal: Genesis 2:1 - Thus;  Genesis 24:3 - the;  1 Kings 3:12 - I have given;  1 Chronicles 14:1 - Hiram;  Ezra 1:2 - Lord God;  Ezra 8:16 - men of understanding;  Psalm 72:15 - daily;  Psalm 119:73 - give me;  Ecclesiastes 1:16 - Lo;  Ezekiel 16:14 - thy renown;  Daniel 6:23 - was;  Luke 7:5 - he loveth;  1 Corinthians 3:10 - as a;  James 3:13 - endued

Verse 13

And now I have sent a cunning man, endued with understanding, of Huram my father's,
of Huram
4:16
Reciprocal: Exodus 31:4 - General1 Kings 7:13 - Hiram;  Ezekiel 27:8 - wise;  James 3:13 - endued

Verse 14

The son of a woman of the daughters of Dan, and his father was a man of Tyre, skilful to work in gold, and in silver, in brass, in iron, in stone, and in timber, in purple, in blue, and in fine linen, and in crimson; also to grave any manner of graving, and to find out every device which shall be put to him, with thy cunning men, and with the cunning men of my lord David thy father.
The son
1 Kings 7:13,14
skilful
7; Exodus 31:3,4
Reciprocal: Exodus 35:34 - Aholiab;  Exodus 35:35 - he filled;  2 Chronicles 26:15 - cunning men;  Psalm 74:5 - GeneralEzekiel 27:8 - wise

Verse 15

Now therefore the wheat, and the barley, the oil, and the wine, which my lord hath spoken of, let him send unto his servants:
which my lord
10; 1 Kings 5:11
Reciprocal: Acts 12:20 - because

Verse 16

And we will cut wood out of Lebanon, as much as thou shalt need: and we will bring it to thee in floats by sea to Joppa; and thou shalt carry it up to Jerusalem.
we will cut
1 Kings 5:8,9
as much as thou shalt need
Heb. according to all thy need. Joppa. Heb. Japho.
Joshua 19:46; Ezra 3:7; John 1:3; Acts 9:36; 10:32
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 9:11 - Now Hiram;  Jonah 1:3 - Joppa

Verse 17

And Solomon numbered all the strangers that were in the land of Israel, after the numbering wherewith David his father had numbered them; and they were found an hundred and fifty thousand and three thousand and six hundred.
numbered
2; 8:7,8; 1 Kings 5:13-16; 9:20,21
the strangers
Heb. the men the strangers. after the numbering.
1 Chronicles 22:2
Reciprocal: Joshua 9:21 - let them;  1 Kings 5:15 - threescore

Verse 18

And he set threescore and ten thousand of them to be bearers of burdens, and fourscore thousand to be hewers in the mountain, and three thousand and six hundred overseers to set the people a work.
threescore
"As it is ver. 2." Reciprocal: Joshua 9:21 - let them;  1 Kings 5:15 - threescore;  1 Kings 9:23 - chief;  2 Chronicles 8:8 - to pay;  2 Chronicles 8:10 - two hundred;  2 Chronicles 34:13 - the bearers;  Nehemiah 4:10 - bearers

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/2-chronicles-2.html.