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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Chronicles 3

Introduction

Overview

2 Chronicles 3:1, The place and time of building the temple; 2 Chronicles 3:3, The measure and ornaments of the house; 2 Chronicles 3:11, The cherubims; 2 Chronicles 3:14, The vail and pillars.

Verse 1

am 2993, bc 1011, An, Ex, Is, 480

Solomon: 1 Kings 6:1-14

in mount Moriah: Genesis 22:2, Genesis 22:14

where the Lord appeared unto David: or, which was seen of David

Ornan: 2 Samuel 24:18-25, Araunah, 1 Chronicles 21:18, 1 Chronicles 22:1

Reciprocal: Exodus 31:6 - that they Deuteronomy 11:29 - General 2 Samuel 24:16 - Araunah 1 Chronicles 17:12 - He shall 1 Chronicles 21:15 - Ornan 1 Chronicles 21:26 - by fire 2 Chronicles 9:3 - the house Ezra 2:68 - in his place Ezra 5:11 - which a great Psalms 87:1 - His Ezekiel 7:20 - the beauty Zephaniah 1:10 - from

Verse 2

in the second: 1 Kings 6:1

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 6:37 - General

Verse 3

am 2993-3000, bc 1011-1004

Solomon: 1 Chronicles 28:11-19

instructed: Heb. founded

The length: 1 Kings 6:2, 1 Kings 6:3

the first measure: It is supposed, with much probability, that the first measure means the cubit used in the time of Moses, contradistinguished from that used in Babylon, and which the Israelites used after their return from captivity: and, as these Books were written after the captivity, it was necessary for the writer to make this remark, lest it should be thought that the measurement was by the Babylonish cubit, which was a palm or one-sixth shorter than the cubit of Moses; which may serve to reconcile some variations in the historical books, with respect to numbers when applied to measures.

Reciprocal: Ezra 6:3 - the height Ezekiel 41:2 - the length

Verse 4

the porch: John 10:23, Acts 3:11, Acts 5:12

an hundred and twenty: As the height of the temple was only thirty cubits, 120 seems too great a height for the porch; but the Syriac, Arabic, and the LXX in the codex Alexandrinus, have only twenty, probably reading, instead of maiah weesrim, "one hundred and twenty," ammoth esrim, "twenty cubits;" which brings it within the proportion of the other measures.

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:11 - General 1 Kings 6:3 - General 1 Chronicles 6:10 - Solomon 1 Chronicles 28:11 - the porch 2 Chronicles 29:17 - the porch Ezra 6:3 - the height Psalms 78:69 - And he Ezekiel 40:48 - the porch Matthew 4:5 - on Luke 4:9 - on

Verse 5

the greater: 1 Kings 6:15-17, 1 Kings 6:21, 1 Kings 6:22

Reciprocal: Exodus 39:15 - chains at the ends 1 Kings 5:8 - timber of fir 1 Chronicles 28:11 - the houses Jeremiah 22:14 - ceiled with cedar Ezekiel 40:16 - palm trees Ezekiel 40:22 - palm trees Ezekiel 41:16 - ceiled with wood

Verse 6

garnished: Heb. covered

precious: 1 Chronicles 29:2, 1 Chronicles 29:8, Isaiah 54:11, Isaiah 54:12, Revelation 21:18-21

Parvaim: Parvaim is supposed by Calmet to be the same as Sepharvaim in Armenia or Media; Bochart is of opinion that it is Taprobanes, now the island of Ceylon, which he drives from taph, a border, and Parvan, i.e., "the coast of Parvan;" but the late Editor of Calmet thinks it the same as the Parvatoi mountains of Ptolemy, at the head of the Indus.

Verse 7

overlaid: Exodus 26:29, 1 Kings 6:20-22, 1 Kings 6:30, Ezekiel 7:20

graved cherubims: Exodus 26:1, 1 Kings 6:35

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 6:21 - overlaid 1 Kings 6:22 - also Ezekiel 41:2 - the door Ezekiel 41:18 - with cherubims

Verse 8

the most holy: Exodus 26:33, 1 Kings 6:19, 1 Kings 6:20, Hebrews 9:3, Hebrews 9:9, Hebrews 10:19

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 6:16 - built them 2 Chronicles 29:16 - the inner part Ezekiel 41:4 - twenty cubits Mark 15:38 - General

Verse 9

Reciprocal: Exodus 38:20 - the pins 1 Chronicles 28:11 - upper chambers Jeremiah 35:2 - into one Ezekiel 40:7 - General

Verse 10

two cherubims: 1 Kings 6:23-28

image work: or, as some think, of movable work

Reciprocal: Exodus 25:20 - cherubims shall Exodus 36:8 - cherubims

Verse 11

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 6:27 - they stretched forth the wings of the cherubims Ezekiel 1:9 - joined

Verse 12

Reciprocal: Ezekiel 1:9 - joined

Verse 13

inward: or, toward the house, Exodus 25:20

Reciprocal: Psalms 97:7 - worship

Verse 14

the veil: Exodus 26:31-35, Matthew 27:51, Hebrews 9:3, Hebrews 10:20

wrought: Heb. caused to ascend

Reciprocal: Exodus 38:18 - needlework 1 Kings 6:21 - by the chains 1 Kings 6:29 - carved figures Luke 23:45 - and the veil

Verse 15

two pillars: 1 Kings 7:15-24, Jeremiah 52:20-23

thirty: The Syriac and Arabic have, agreeably to the parallel passage, "eighteen cubits high;" but the Septuagint, Chaldee, and Vulgate have "thirty and five cubits high." See note on 1 Kings 7:15.

high: Heb. long

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 4:12 - To wit Jeremiah 52:21 - concerning Jeremiah 52:22 - with network

Verse 16

chains: 1 Kings 6:21

an hundred: 1 Kings 7:20

Verse 17

reared up: 1 Kings 7:21

Jachin: that is, He shall establish

Boaz: that is, In it is strength

Reciprocal: Ezekiel 40:49 - pillars

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 3". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/2-chronicles-3.html.