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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Samuel 8

Introduction

Overview

2 Samuel 8:1, David subdues the Philistines and the Moabites; 2 Samuel 8:3, He smites Hadadezer, and the Syrians; 2 Samuel 8:9, Toi sends Joram with presents to bless him; 2 Samuel 8:11, The presents and the spoil David dedicates to God; 2 Samuel 8:14, He puts garrisons in Edom; 2 Samuel 8:16, David’s officers.

Verse 1

am 2964, bc 1040, An, Ex, Is, 451

And after: 2 Samuel 7:9, 2 Samuel 21:15-Song of Solomon :

Methegammah: or, the bridle of Ammah, 2 Samuel 2:24, 1 Chronicles 18:1-Esther :, Gath, In the parallel passage of Chronicles, we read, "David took Gath and her towns;" and it is probable, that Gath and its districts were called Metheg-ammah in David's time; which, being unusual or becoming obsolete, in the time of the author of the Chronicles, led him thus to explain it.

Reciprocal: Genesis 19:37 - Moabites Genesis 22:17 - thy seed Genesis 27:29 - Let people Judges 13:5 - begin 2 Samuel 22:38 - General 2 Samuel 22:44 - head 2 Chronicles 26:6 - the wall of Gath Psalms 9:5 - rebuked Psalms 18:38 - General Psalms 18:43 - made Psalms 60:8 - triumph Psalms 68:30 - Rebuke Psalms 108:9 - Moab Psalms 118:10 - All nations Ezekiel 25:15 - to destroy Hebrews 11:33 - through Hebrews 11:34 - turned

Verse 2

he smote: Numbers 24:17, Judges 3:29, Judges 3:30, 1 Samuel 14:47, Psalms 60:8, Psalms 83:6, Psalms 108:9

measured: 2 Samuel 12:31

And so: 2 Samuel 8:6, 2 Samuel 8:12-2 Chronicles :, 2 Kings 1:1, 2 Kings 3:4-Daniel :, 1 Chronicles 18:2

brought gifts: 1 Samuel 10:27, 2 Chronicles 26:8, Psalms 72:10, Psalms 72:11, Isaiah 36:16

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 23:6 - Thou shalt 2 Samuel 22:38 - General 1 Kings 10:25 - every man 2 Kings 3:25 - beat down 2 Kings 17:3 - presents 2 Chronicles 17:11 - brought Psalms 68:30 - every Isaiah 16:1 - the lamb Isaiah 34:11 - stretch Lamentations 2:8 - stretched Ezekiel 24:6 - let no Amos 7:7 - a wall Micah 1:14 - give

Verse 3

Hadadezer: 1 Chronicles 18:3, Hadarezer

Zobah: 2 Samuel 10:6, 1 Samuel 14:47, 1 Kings 11:23, 1 Kings 11:24, Psalms 60:1, *title

at the river: Genesis 15:18, Exodus 23:31, Deuteronomy 11:24, 1 Kings 4:21, Psalms 72:8

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 1:7 - the great 2 Samuel 10:16 - Hadarezer 1 Chronicles 19:6 - Zobah 2 Chronicles 8:3 - Hamathzobah Ezra 4:16 - thou shalt have Revelation 9:14 - the great

Verse 4

from him: or, of his

chariots: As 1 Chronicles 18:4, seven hundred. In the parallel place in Chronicles it is "seven thousand horsemen, a far more probable number. The letter ז, zayin, with a dot upon it stands for seven thousand, and the final letter ן, noon, for seven hundred. The great similarity of these letters might easily cause the one to be mistaken for the other, and so produce an error in this place. David houghed, Deuteronomy 17:16, Joshua 11:6, Joshua 11:9, Psalms 20:7, Psalms 33:16, Psalms 33:17

reserved: 1 Kings 10:26

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 10:18 - fled 1 Kings 4:26 - forty thousand Jeremiah 17:25 - riding

Verse 5

And when: 1 Kings 11:23-Lamentations :, 1 Chronicles 18:5, 1 Chronicles 18:6, Isaiah 7:8

came: Job 9:13, Psalms 83:4-Ruth :, Isaiah 8:9, Isaiah 8:10, Isaiah 31:3

Zobah: From 2 Chronicles 8:3, we learn that Zobah was the district in which Tadmor or Palymyra was situated; and consequently lay between the land of Israel and the Euphrates. The capital was probably the same as the Sabe mentioned by Ptolemy as a city of Arabia Deserta.

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 10:6 - Syrians of Bethrehob Ezekiel 27:16 - Syria Romans 13:6 - attending

Verse 6

garrisons: 2 Samuel 8:14, 2 Samuel 23:14, 1 Samuel 13:3, 1 Samuel 14:1, 1 Samuel 14:6, 1 Samuel 14:15, 2 Chronicles 17:2, Psalms 18:34-1 Corinthians :

became: 2 Samuel 8:2

the Lord: 2 Samuel 8:14, 2 Samuel 7:9, 1 Chronicles 18:13, Psalms 5:11, Psalms 5:12, Psalms 121:7, Psalms 121:8, Psalms 140:7, Psalms 144:1, Psalms 144:2, Proverbs 21:31

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 10:19 - feared 1 Kings 2:3 - whithersoever 2 Kings 14:28 - Damascus 2 Kings 17:3 - presents 2 Kings 18:7 - he prospered 1 Chronicles 17:8 - I have been 1 Chronicles 18:5 - the Syrians Psalms 144:10 - that giveth Song of Solomon 7:4 - Damascus Isaiah 7:8 - For the head Isaiah 36:16 - Make an agreement with me by a present Matthew 4:24 - Syria Acts 21:3 - Syria Acts 22:6 - Damascus

Verse 7

shields: 1 Kings 10:16, 1 Kings 10:17, 1 Kings 14:26, 1 Kings 14:27, 1 Chronicles 18:7, 2 Chronicles 9:15, 2 Chronicles 9:16

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 7:51 - things which David his father had dedicated 2 Kings 11:10 - king David's spears 2 Chronicles 23:9 - spears

Verse 8

Betah: Probably the same as Bathne in Syria, between Beroeea and Hierapolis. 1 Chronicles 18:8, Tibhath, Chun

Berothai: Berothai is probably the Barathena of Ptolemy, which he mentions, along with Sabe, as a city of Arabia Deserta, in the confines of the Palmyrenian district.

exceeding: 1 Chronicles 22:14, 1 Chronicles 22:16, 1 Chronicles 29:7, 2 Chronicles 4:1-Job :

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 23:23 - over his guard 1 Chronicles 17:8 - I have been Psalms 68:30 - every Ezekiel 47:16 - Berothah

Verse 9

Toi: 1 Chronicles 18:9, Tou

Hamath: Amos 6:2

Reciprocal: Genesis 10:18 - Hamathite Numbers 13:21 - Hamath Numbers 34:8 - the entrance 2 Kings 18:34 - the gods Isaiah 10:9 - Hamath Isaiah 36:19 - Hamath Jeremiah 39:5 - Hamath Jeremiah 49:23 - Hamath Jeremiah 52:27 - Riblah

Verse 10

Joram: 1 Chronicles 18:10, Hadoram

salute him: Heb. ask him of peace, Genesis 43:27, Isaiah 39:1

to bless him: 1 Samuel 13:10, *marg. 1 Kings 1:47, Psalms 129:8

had wars: Heb. was a man of wars

brought with him: Heb. in his hand were.

Reciprocal: Genesis 47:7 - And Jacob Genesis 47:10 - General 2 Samuel 19:9 - The king 1 Kings 5:1 - sent 1 Kings 10:25 - every man 2 Kings 20:12 - sent letters 2 Chronicles 32:23 - gifts Isaiah 14:32 - shall one Micah 4:13 - I will consecrate Acts 25:13 - unto

Verse 11

Which: 1 Kings 7:51, 1 Chronicles 18:11, 1 Chronicles 22:14-Nehemiah :, 1 Chronicles 26:26-Hosea :, 1 Chronicles 29:2, Micah 4:13

Reciprocal: Numbers 31:28 - levy Joshua 6:19 - all the silver 1 Chronicles 20:2 - and he brought 2 Chronicles 32:23 - gifts

Verse 12

Syria: 2 Samuel 10:11, 2 Samuel 10:14, 2 Samuel 12:26-Obadiah :, 1 Chronicles 18:11

Reciprocal: Exodus 17:14 - for I will Numbers 31:28 - levy 2 Samuel 8:2 - And so 2 Samuel 10:6 - Syrians of Bethrehob 1 Chronicles 4:43 - the rest 1 Chronicles 20:2 - and he brought Psalms 60:1 - when he strove

Verse 13

gat him: 2 Samuel 7:9, 1 Chronicles 18:12, Psalms 60:1, *title

smiting: Heb. his smiting

the valley of salt: 2 Kings 14:7, 2 Chronicles 25:11

being: or, slaying

Reciprocal: Genesis 11:4 - and let 2 Samuel 22:38 - General 1 Chronicles 17:8 - made thee 2 Chronicles 26:8 - his name

Verse 14

all they: Genesis 25:23, Genesis 27:29, Genesis 27:37, Genesis 27:40, Numbers 24:18, 1 Kings 22:47, 1 Chronicles 18:13, Psalms 60:8, Psalms 60:9, Psalms 108:9, Psalms 108:10

the Lord: 2 Samuel 8:6, Psalms 121:4-Ruth :

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 7:9 - And I was 2 Samuel 22:38 - General 1 Kings 2:3 - whithersoever 1 Kings 11:15 - when David 2 Kings 8:20 - made a king 2 Kings 18:7 - he prospered 1 Chronicles 17:8 - I have been 1 Chronicles 18:12 - slew of the Edomites Psalms 139:3 - my path Psalms 140:7 - thou hast covered Romans 9:12 - The elder

Verse 15

over all Israel: 2 Samuel 3:12, 2 Samuel 5:5

David executed: 2 Samuel 23:3, 2 Samuel 23:4, 1 Chronicles 18:14, Psalms 45:6, Psalms 45:7, Psalms 72:2, Psalms 75:2, Psalms 78:71, Psalms 78:72, Psalms 89:14, Psalms 101:1-Ruth :, Isaiah 9:7, Jeremiah 22:15, Jeremiah 22:16, Jeremiah 23:5, Jeremiah 23:6, Amos 5:15, Amos 5:24

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 15:3 - there is 1 Kings 4:2 - the princes 1 Kings 10:9 - to do 2 Kings 15:5 - judging 1 Chronicles 5:2 - the chief ruler 2 Chronicles 9:8 - to do judgment 2 Chronicles 17:3 - he walked Psalms 101:2 - behave Psalms 119:121 - I have Proverbs 29:4 - king Proverbs 31:9 - General Isaiah 1:21 - it was full Isaiah 11:4 - But with Jeremiah 21:12 - Execute Ezekiel 16:13 - and thou didst Hebrews 7:2 - King of righteousness

Verse 16

Joab: 2 Samuel 19:13, 2 Samuel 20:23, 1 Chronicles 11:6, 1 Chronicles 18:15-Esther :

Jehoshaphat: 1 Kings 4:3

recorder: or, remembrancer, or writer of chronicles

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 2:13 - Joab 2 Samuel 20:7 - General 2 Samuel 24:2 - Joab 1 Kings 1:7 - Joab 2 Kings 18:18 - the recorder 2 Chronicles 34:8 - recorder Isaiah 36:3 - Shebna

Verse 17

Zadok: 1 Chronicles 6:8, 1 Chronicles 6:53, 1 Chronicles 24:3, 1 Chronicles 24:4

and Seraiah: 1 Chronicles 18:16, Shavsha

scribe: or, secretary

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 15:24 - Zadok 2 Samuel 20:25 - Sheva 1 Kings 1:8 - Zadok 2 Kings 12:10 - the king's 2 Kings 18:18 - the scribe 1 Chronicles 12:28 - Zadok 1 Chronicles 15:11 - Zadok Ezra 4:8 - scribe Ezra 7:2 - Zadok Isaiah 36:3 - Shebna Jeremiah 36:10 - the scribe Mark 2:26 - Abiathar

Verse 18

Benaiah: 1 Kings 1:44, 1 Kings 2:34, 1 Kings 2:35, 1 Chronicles 18:17

the Cherethites: 2 Samuel 15:18, 2 Samuel 20:7, 2 Samuel 20:23, 2 Samuel 23:20-Isaiah :, 1 Samuel 30:14, Ezekiel 25:16, Zephaniah 2:5

chief rulers: or, princes, 2 Samuel 20:26

Reciprocal: Genesis 41:45 - priest of Genesis 41:50 - priest Genesis 47:22 - of the priests 1 Kings 1:8 - Zadok 1 Kings 1:38 - the Cherethites 1 Kings 4:5 - the principal 1 Chronicles 11:22 - Benaiah 2 Chronicles 12:10 - the chief Psalms 122:5 - the thrones Jeremiah 7:16 - I will

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 8". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/2-samuel-8.html.