Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Samuel 7

Introduction

1Nathan, first approving the purpose of David to build God a house,
4after by the word of God forbids him.
12God promises him benefits and blessings in his seed.
18David's prayer and thanksgiving.

Verse 1

And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies;
the king
1 Chronicles 17:1-15; Daniel 4:29,30
the Lord
Joshua 21:44; 23:1; 1 Kings 5:4; 2 Chronicles 14:6; Psalms 18:1; *title; Proverbs 16:7; Luke 1:74,75
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:15 - rest;  2 Samuel 7:11 - have caused;  2 Samuel 12:1 - the Lord;  1 Chronicles 22:18 - and hath;  1 Chronicles 23:25 - The Lord;  1 Chronicles 28:2 - I had in mine heart;  2 Chronicles 9:29 - Nathan;  2 Chronicles 20:30 - his God;  Esther 1:2 - sat;  Job 34:29 - When he giveth;  Psalm 21:8 - GeneralPsalm 89:23 - I will;  Psalm 132:2 - he sware;  Malachi 3:16 - and the;  Matthew 25:16 - went;  Acts 7:46 - found

Verse 2

That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.
Nathan
12:1; 1 Chronicles 29:29
I dwell
5:11; 1 Chronicles 14:1; Jeremiah 22:13-15; Haggai 1:4
the ark
Psalms 132:5; John 2:17; Acts 7:46
curtains
6:17; Exodus 26:1-14; 40:21; 1 Chronicles 16:1; 2 Chronicles 1:4
Reciprocal: Exodus 26:2 - curtain;  Exodus 35:17 - The hangings;  1 Samuel 1:9 - General2 Samuel 11:11 - The ark;  2 Samuel 15:25 - habitation;  2 Samuel 16:11 - came forth;  1 Kings 1:8 - Nathan;  1 Kings 1:26 - General1 Kings 4:5 - son of Nathan;  1 Kings 8:17 - General1 Chronicles 3:5 - Nathan;  1 Chronicles 13:2 - and that it be;  1 Chronicles 17:1 - as David;  1 Chronicles 22:7 - it was in;  1 Chronicles 28:2 - I had in mine heart;  2 Chronicles 6:7 - General2 Chronicles 29:25 - Nathan;  Psalm 30:1 - at the;  Jeremiah 22:14 - ceiled with cedar;  Hosea 12:9 - yet;  Zechariah 12:12 - Nathan

Verse 3

And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee.
Go, do
2 Kings 4:27
all that
1 Samuel 16:7; 1 Kings 8:17,18; 1 Chronicles 22:7; 28:2; Psalms 20:4; 37:4
for the
1 Samuel 10:7; 1 John 2:27
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 14:7 - Do all;  2 Kings 20:5 - Turn again;  1 Chronicles 17:2 - for God;  2 Chronicles 6:7 - GeneralIsaiah 38:5 - and say

Verse 4

And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, saying,
that night
Numbers 12:6; 1 Chronicles 17:3; Amos 3:7
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 12:25 - Nathan;  1 Chronicles 17:4 - Thou shalt not

Verse 5

Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in?
my servant David
Heb. to my servant, to David. Shalt.
1 Kings 5:3; 8:16-19; 1 Chronicles 17:4; 22:7,8; 23:3-32
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:2 - an habitation;  1 Kings 3:6 - thy servant;  1 Kings 8:15 - which spake;  1 Kings 8:19 - General1 Chronicles 28:3 - Thou shalt;  Isaiah 66:1 - where is the house;  John 10:35 - unto

Verse 6

Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle.
I have not
Joshua 18:1; 1 Kings 8:16; 1 Chronicles 17:5,6
walked
Exodus 33:14,15; 40:35-38; Leviticus 26:23,24,27,28; Numbers 10:33-36; Deuteronomy 23:14; 2 Corinthians 6:16; Revelation 2:1
tent
Exodus 40:18,19,34; Acts 7:44
Reciprocal: Exodus 26:36 - the tent;  2 Samuel 11:11 - The ark;  2 Chronicles 6:5 - Since the day

Verse 7

In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me an house of cedar?
walked
Leviticus 26:11,12
any of the tribes
1 Chronicles 17:6
any of the judges
Instead of [shbty] shivtey, "tribes," we should probably read, with Houbigant, Drs. Waterland and A. Clarke, and others, [shpty] shophtey, "judges;" which is the reading in the parallel passage. Indeed there is but one letter of difference between them, and letters which might be easily mistaken for each other; the apex under the upper stroke of the [p] pay, being the only mark to distinguish it from the [b] baith. Compare with ver. 11.
feed
5:2; Psalms 78:71,72; Isaiah 40:11; Jeremiah 3:15; 23:4; Ezekiel 34:2,15,23; Micah 5:4; Matthew 2:6; *marg:; John 21:15-17; Acts 20:28; 21:28; 1 Peter 5:1
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:16 - Since;  1 Chronicles 11:2 - Thou shalt;  2 Chronicles 6:5 - Since the day;  Psalm 28:9 - feed

Verse 8

Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel:
I took thee
1 Samuel 16:11,12; 1 Chronicles 17:7; Psalms 78:70
following
Heb. after. ruler.
6:21; 12:7; 1 Samuel 9:16; 10:1
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:8 - set them;  1 Samuel 2:10 - he shall;  2 Samuel 14:13 - people;  2 Samuel 22:49 - thou also;  2 Samuel 23:1 - raised;  1 Kings 3:6 - great;  1 Kings 8:16 - I chose David;  1 Chronicles 14:2 - his kingdom;  1 Chronicles 28:4 - chose me;  2 Chronicles 1:8 - Thou has showed;  2 Chronicles 32:28 - cotes;  Psalm 21:5 - glory;  Psalm 89:19 - Then;  Psalm 89:21 - With;  Psalm 113:7 - needy;  Proverbs 25:6 - in the presence;  Isaiah 55:3 - the sure;  Amos 7:15 - took;  Luke 1:48 - regarded;  Acts 7:46 - found;  Acts 13:22 - he raised

Verse 9

And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth.
And I was
5:10; 8:6,14; 22:30,34-38; 1 Samuel 18:14; 1 Chronicles 17:8
cut off
22:1; 1 Samuel 31:6; Psalms 18:37-42; 89:23
out of thy sight
Heb. from thy face. a great.
Genesis 12:2; 1 Samuel 2:8; 1 Chronicles 17:8; Psalms 113:7,8; Luke 1:52
like unto
Psalms 87:3-6
Reciprocal: Exodus 11:3 - Moses;  Deuteronomy 33:7 - and be thou;  Joshua 6:27 - his fame;  2 Samuel 8:13 - gat him;  2 Samuel 22:49 - thou also;  2 Samuel 23:1 - raised;  2 Chronicles 1:8 - Thou has showed;  Psalm 21:5 - glory;  Psalm 27:6 - above

Verse 10

Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime,
plant them
1 Chronicles 17:9; Psalms 44:4; 80:8; Jeremiah 18:9; 24:6; Ezekiel 37:25-27; Amos 9:15
neither
Psalms 89:22,23; Isaiah 60:18; Ezekiel 28:24; Hosea 2:18; Revelation 21:4
as beforetime
Exodus 1:13,14,22; Judges 4:3; 6:2-6; 1 Samuel 13:17
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 21:8 - will 1make;  2 Chronicles 33:8 - will I;  Psalm 44:7 - But;  Psalm 89:3 - made;  Jeremiah 11:17 - that

Verse 11

And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house.
since
Judges 2:14-16; 1 Samuel 12:9-11; Psalms 106:42
have caused
1; Job 5:18,19; 34:29; Psalms 46:9
he will make
27; Exodus 1:21; 1 Kings 2:24; 11:38; 1 Chronicles 17:10; 22:10; Psalms 89:3,4; 127:1; Proverbs 14:1
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:35 - I will build;  1 Samuel 25:28 - the Lord;  2 Samuel 7:7 - any of the tribes;  2 Samuel 7:19 - but thou;  1 Kings 2:4 - his word;  1 Chronicles 23:25 - The Lord;  Luke 1:32 - give;  Acts 2:30 - knowing;  Acts 13:20 - he gave;  Acts 15:16 - build again the tabernacle;  Hebrews 11:33 - obtained

Verse 12

And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.
And when
1 Kings 2:1; 8:20
sleep
Deuteronomy 31:16; 1 Kings 1:21; Daniel 12:2; Acts 13:36; 1 Corinthians 15:51; 1 Thessalonians 4:14
I will set
Genesis 15:4; 1 Kings 8:20; 1 Chronicles 17:11; Psalms 89:29; 132:11,12; Isaiah 9:7; Isaiah 11:1-3,10; Matthew 22:42-44; Acts 2:30
Reciprocal: Genesis 47:29 - must die;  Judges 2:10 - General2 Samuel 12:24 - she bare;  2 Samuel 22:51 - seed;  1 Kings 1:11 - Nathan;  1 Kings 1:26 - General1 Kings 2:4 - fail;  1 Kings 2:12 - his kingdom;  1 Kings 2:15 - for it was;  1 Kings 5:5 - as the Lord;  1 Kings 7:21 - Jachin;  1 Kings 8:19 - General1 Kings 8:24 - thou spakest;  1 Kings 9:5 - I will establish;  1 Kings 15:4 - for David's;  1 Kings 22:40 - slept;  2 Kings 8:19 - for David;  2 Kings 10:35 - Jehu slept;  2 Kings 13:13 - slept;  2 Kings 14:16 - Jehoash;  2 Kings 15:38 - Jotham;  1 Chronicles 22:9 - a son;  2 Chronicles 1:9 - let thy promise;  2 Chronicles 6:9 - thy son;  2 Chronicles 6:15 - and spakest;  2 Chronicles 6:16 - saying;  2 Chronicles 9:31 - slept;  2 Chronicles 13:5 - to David;  2 Chronicles 21:7 - as he promised;  2 Chronicles 23:3 - as the Lord;  Psalm 31:15 - My times;  Psalm 89:4 - GeneralPsalm 119:42 - for I trust;  Acts 13:23 - this;  Acts 26:6 - the promise;  Romans 1:3 - which

Verse 13

He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.
He shall
1 Kings 5:5; 6:12; 8:19; 1 Chronicles 17:11,12; 22:9,10; 28:6,10; Zechariah 6:13; Matthew 16:18; Luke 1:31-33; Hebrews 3:3; 1 Peter 2:5
I will stablish
16; 1 Chronicles 28:7; Psalms 89:4,21,29,36,37; Isaiah 9:7; 49:8; Luke 1:32,33
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:10 - he shall;  2 Samuel 22:51 - seed;  1 Kings 2:4 - fail;  1 Kings 2:12 - his kingdom;  1 Kings 8:13 - surely built;  2 Kings 8:19 - for David;  2 Kings 21:4 - In Jerusalem;  2 Kings 21:7 - In this house;  1 Chronicles 18:12 - slew of the Edomites;  2 Chronicles 6:2 - I have built;  2 Chronicles 6:9 - thy son;  2 Chronicles 7:18 - stablish;  2 Chronicles 22:11 - she slew him not;  Job 36:7 - he doth;  Psalm 18:50 - to his;  Psalm 28:5 - not build;  Psalm 89:33 - Nevertheless;  Jeremiah 30:21 - governor;  Matthew 1:1 - the son of David;  John 12:34 - Christ;  Acts 7:47 - GeneralActs 26:6 - the promise

Verse 14

I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:
I will be
1 Chronicles 17:13; 28:6; Psalms 89:20-37; Matthew 3:17; Hebrews 1:5
If he
Psalms 89:30-35
I will
Deuteronomy 8:5; Job 5:17; Psalms 94:12,13; Proverbs 3:11,12; Jeremiah 30:11; 1 Corinthians 11:32; Hebrews 12:5-11; Revelation 3:19
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 21:18 - when they;  2 Samuel 7:15 - But my;  2 Samuel 23:5 - he hath made;  1 Kings 9:6 - if ye;  1 Kings 11:14 - an adversary;  1 Chronicles 18:13 - garrisons;  Psalm 66:20 - GeneralPsalm 89:26 - Thou;  Psalm 89:32 - GeneralProverbs 11:31 - GeneralJeremiah 33:17 - David shall never want;  Ezekiel 21:10 - GeneralHosea 11:4 - of a;  Acts 13:34 - the sure;  Hebrews 12:6 - and scourgeth

Verse 15

But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.
But my
14,16; 1 Samuel 19:24; Psalms 89:28,34; Isaiah 55:3; Acts 13:34-37
as I took
1 Samuel 15:23,28; 16:14; 1 Kings 11:13,34-36; Isaiah 9:7; 37:35
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 13:14 - the Lord;  1 Samuel 20:13 - he hath been with my father;  1 Kings 12:16 - now see;  2 Kings 8:19 - for David;  1 Chronicles 17:13 - I will not;  2 Chronicles 6:5 - neither chose;  2 Chronicles 10:16 - David;  Psalm 51:11 - take;  Psalm 66:20 - GeneralPsalm 89:33 - Nevertheless;  Psalm 89:49 - thou;  Proverbs 11:31 - GeneralLuke 19:26 - and from;  Acts 13:22 - when

Verse 16

And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.
13; Genesis 49:10; 2 Kings 19:34; 1 Chronicles 17:13,14; Psalms 45:6; 72:5,17-19; Psalms 89:36,37; Isaiah 9:7; Daniel 2:44; 7:14; Matthew 16:18; Luke 1:32,33; John 12:34; Hebrews 1:8; Revelation 11:15
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 13:14 - the Lord;  1 Samuel 25:28 - the Lord;  2 Samuel 5:12 - David;  2 Samuel 7:15 - But my;  1 Kings 2:4 - fail;  1 Kings 8:24 - thou spakest;  1 Kings 9:5 - I will establish;  1 Kings 11:13 - Howbeit;  1 Kings 11:36 - David;  1 Kings 11:38 - build the;  1 Kings 12:16 - now see;  1 Chronicles 14:2 - the Lord;  2 Chronicles 6:5 - neither chose;  2 Chronicles 10:16 - David;  2 Chronicles 23:3 - as the Lord;  Psalm 89:28 - mercy;  Proverbs 12:7 - the house;  Proverbs 27:24 - doth;  Isaiah 7:2 - the house;  Isaiah 16:5 - in the;  Jeremiah 17:25 - sitting;  Matthew 1:1 - the son of David

Verse 17

According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.
1 Chronicles 17:15; Acts 20:20,27; 1 Corinthians 15:3

Verse 18

Then went king David in, and sat before the LORD, and he said, Who am I, O Lord GOD? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto?
sat
1 Chronicles 17:16; Isaiah 37:14
Who am I
Genesis 32:10; Exodus 3:11; Judges 6:15; 1 Samuel 9:21; 15:17; 18:18; Psalms 8:4; Ephesians 3:8
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:21 - wondering at;  2 Samuel 12:20 - the house;  2 Samuel 23:5 - Although;  2 Kings 19:15 - prayed;  1 Chronicles 29:14 - who am I:2 Chronicles 2:6 - who am I then;  Psalm 60:6 - rejoice;  Isaiah 37:15 - GeneralJeremiah 32:16 - I Prayed;  Luke 1:48 - regarded;  Acts 7:46 - found;  1 Thessalonians 3:9 - what

Verse 19

And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord GOD?
And this
12:8; Numbers 16:9,13
but thou
11-16; 1 Chronicles 17:17
And is this
Psalms 36:7; Isaiah 55:8,9; Ephesians 2:7; 3:19,20
manner
Heb. law.
Reciprocal: Psalm 21:5 - glory;  Ezekiel 34:18 - a small;  Matthew 7:11 - how;  Luke 1:48 - regarded;  Luke 19:25 - Lord;  Acts 7:46 - found;  1 John 3:1 - what

Verse 20

And what can David say more unto thee? for thou, Lord GOD, knowest thy servant.
knowest
Genesis 18:19; 1 Samuel 16:7; Psalms 139:1; John 2:25; 21:17; Hebrews 4:13; Revelation 2:23
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 17:18 - the honour;  Psalm 108:7 - I will rejoice;  John 21:15 - thou knowest

Verse 21

For thy word's sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things, to make thy servant know them.
thy word's
Numbers 23:19; Deuteronomy 9:5; Joshua 23:14,15; Psalms 115:1; 138:2; Matthew 24:35; Luke 1:54,55,72
according
Matthew 11:26; Luke 10:21; 12:32; 1 Corinthians 1:1; Ephesians 1:9; 3:11

Verse 22

Wherefore thou art great, O LORD God: for there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears.
Wherefore
Deuteronomy 3:24; 1 Chronicles 16:25; 2 Chronicles 2:5; Psalms 48:1; 86:10; 96:4; 135:5; 145:3; Ezekiel 36:22,32
none
Exodus 15:11; Deuteronomy 4:35; 32:39; 1 Samuel 2:2; Psalms 86:8; 89:6,8; Isaiah 40:18,25; Isaiah 45:5,18,22; Jeremiah 10:6,7; Micah 7:18
Reciprocal: Exodus 8:10 - there is none;  1 Kings 8:23 - no God;  2 Chronicles 6:14 - no God;  Daniel 2:45 - the great

Verse 23

And what one nation in the earth is like thy people, even like Israel, whom God went to redeem for a people to himself, and to make him a name, and to do for you great things and terrible, for thy land, before thy people, which thou redeemedst to thee from Egypt, from the nations and their gods?
what one
Deuteronomy 4:7,8,32-34; 33:29; Psalms 147:20; Romans 3:1,2
went
Exodus 3:7,8; 19:5,6; Numbers 14:13,14; Psalms 111:9; Isaiah 63:7-14; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 5:9
make him
Exodus 9:16; Joshua 7:9; 1 Chronicles 17:21; Isaiah 63:12,14; Ezekiel 20:9; Ephesians 1:6
great things
Deuteronomy 10:21; Psalms 40:5; 65:5; 66:3; 106:22; 145:6
thy people
Deuteronomy 9:26; 15:15; Nehemiah 1:10
nations and their gods
Exodus 12:12
Reciprocal: Genesis 35:2 - strange;  Exodus 6:7 - will take;  Exodus 15:16 - which thou;  Exodus 33:16 - separated;  Exodus 34:10 - I will do marvels;  2 Samuel 7:24 - art become;  Isaiah 48:20 - utter it even;  Isaiah 64:3 - thou didst;  Jeremiah 32:20 - and hast;  Micah 6:4 - and redeemed

Verse 24

For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee for ever: and thou, LORD, art become their God.
confirmed
Genesis 17:7; Deuteronomy 26:18
art become
23; Exodus 15:2; Deuteronomy 27:9; 1 Chronicles 17:22; Psalms 48:14; Isaiah 12:2; Jeremiah 31:1,33; Jeremiah 32:38; Hosea 1:10; Zechariah 13:9; John 1:12; Romans 9:25,26; 1 Peter 2:10
Reciprocal: Exodus 6:7 - will take

Verse 25

And now, O LORD God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as thou hast said.
establish it
Genesis 32:12; Psalms 119:49; Jeremiah 11:4,5; Ezekiel 36:37
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 1:23 - the Lord;  1 Kings 2:4 - his word;  1 Kings 8:15 - which spake;  1 Kings 8:26 - let thy word;  1 Chronicles 17:23 - let the thing;  2 Chronicles 1:9 - let thy promise;  2 Chronicles 6:17 - let thy;  2 Chronicles 17:5 - the Lord;  Psalm 119:38 - Stablish;  Psalm 119:170 - deliver me;  Psalm 143:1 - thy faithfulness;  Luke 1:38 - Behold

Verse 26

And let thy name be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God over Israel: and let the house of thy servant David be established before thee.
let thy
1 Chronicles 17:23,24; 29:10-13; Psalms 72:18,19; 115:1; Matthew 6:9; John 12:28
before thee
Genesis 17:18; 1 Chronicles 17:23,24; Psalms 89:36
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 11:38 - build the;  2 Chronicles 17:5 - the Lord;  Proverbs 12:7 - the house;  Proverbs 24:3 - it is;  Isaiah 37:16 - Lord;  Luke 1:69 - in

Verse 27

For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee.
revealed
Heb. opened the ear.
Ruth 4:4; 1 Samuel 9:15; *marg:; Psalms 40:6
I will
found
1 Chronicles 17:25,26; Psalms 10:17
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:45 - speaking;  Exodus 1:21 - made them;  Exodus 35:21 - General1 Samuel 2:35 - I will build;  1 Samuel 25:28 - the Lord;  1 Kings 2:24 - made me;  1 Kings 8:25 - keep with thy;  Job 33:16 - openeth;  Psalm 28:5 - not build;  Psalm 119:25 - according

Verse 28

And now, O Lord GOD, thou art that God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant:
thy words
Numbers 23:19; John 17:17; Titus 1:2
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:15 - which spake

Verse 29

Therefore now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord GOD, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever.
let it please thee to bless
Heb. be thou pleased and bless.
Numbers 6:24-26; 1 Chronicles 17:27; Psalms 115:12-15
for ever
22:51 Reciprocal: 1 Kings 2:12 - his kingdom;  1 Kings 8:15 - which spake;  1 Kings 11:36 - David;  Psalm 89:4 - General

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/2-samuel-7.html.