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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Hebrews 8

Introduction

1By the eternal priesthood of Christ the Levitical priesthood of Aaron is abolished;
7and the temporal covenant with the fathers, by the eternal covenant of the Gospel.

Verse 1

Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens;
sum
Or, chief, principal point, in both which senses [ ()] is used by profane writers.
We have
7:26-28
who
1:3,13; 10:12; 12:2; Ephesians 6:20; Colossians 3:1; Revelation 3:21
the Majesty
1 Chronicles 29:11; Job 37:22; Psalms 21:5; 45:3,4; 104:1; 145:12; Isaiah 24:14; Micah 5:4
Reciprocal: Exodus 40:15 - everlasting; Psalm 68:18 - ascended; Psalm 102:19 - the height; Psalm 103:19 - prepared; Ezekiel 1:26 - the likeness of a; Mark 14:62 - the Son; Mark 16:19 - he was; Luke 22:69 - on; John 12:16 - when; Acts 7:55 - standing; Romans 8:34 - who is even; Ephesians 4:10 - ascended; 1 Timothy 3:16 - received; Hebrews 3:1 - and; Hebrews 4:14 - that is; Hebrews 6:20 - for; Hebrews 9:11 - an high priest; Hebrews 10:21 - an; 1 Peter 3:22 - is gone; Revelation 4:2 - and one; Revelation 7:15 - are

Verse 2

A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man.
minister
9:8-12; 10:21; Exodus 28:1,35; Luke 24:44; Romans 15:8
the sanctuary
or, holy things. the true.
9:11,23,24
which
11:10; 2 Corinthians 5:1; Colossians 2:11
Reciprocal: Exodus 26:1 - the tabernacle with ten curtains; Exodus 26:30 - rear up the tabernacle; Exodus 36:1 - for the service; Exodus 38:21 - tabernacle of testimony; Psalm 102:19 - the height; John 2:21 - he; John 6:55 - meat; Acts 7:44 - that he; Romans 8:34 - who is even; Galatians 2:17 - is

Verse 3

For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer.
serve
5:1; 7:27
have
9:14; 10:9-12; John 6:51; Ephesians 5:2; Titus 2:14
Reciprocal: Leviticus 6:20 - the offering; Zechariah 6:12 - behold; Galatians 3:25 - we; Hebrews 2:9 - Jesus; Hebrews 10:5 - but

Verse 4

For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law:
he should
7:11-15; Numbers 16:40; 17:12,13; 18:5; 2 Chronicles 26:18,19
there are priests
or, they are priests. gifts. [doron (dwÜron)] gifts, or offerings, comprehended propitiatory sacrifices as well as freewill-offerings.
See
11:4
Reciprocal: Leviticus 6:20 - the offering; Numbers 3:10 - and the stranger

Verse 5

Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.
unto
[ ()skia
the example
9:9,23,24; 10:1; Colossians 2:17
See
Exodus 25:40; 26:30; 27:8; Numbers 8:4; 1 Chronicles 28:12,19; Acts 7:44
pattern
[tupos (tu/pov)] type, plan, or form.
Reciprocal: Exodus 25:9 - the pattern of the tabernacle; Exodus 39:32 - according; Joshua 22:28 - Behold; 1 Kings 8:13 - a settled; 1 Chronicles 28:11 - the pattern; 2 Chronicles 4:7 - according to; Psalm 119:18 - wondrous; Song of Solomon 2:17 - the shadows; Ezekiel 43:11 - show them; Ephesians 1:3 - heavenly; Hebrews 3:5 - for; Hebrews 12:25 - See

Verse 6

But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
obtained
7-13; 2 Corinthians 3:6-11
the mediator
7:22; 12:24; Galatians 3:19,20
covenant
or, testament.
7:22; 9:15-20
was established
[nomotheteo (nomoqeteÑomai)] "was ordained (or established) by law."
upon
8:10-12; Romans 9:4; Galatians 3:16-21; Titus 1:2; 2 Peter 1:4
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 5:2 - General; Deuteronomy 9:11 - the tables of the covenant; Deuteronomy 27:3 - thou shalt; 2 Kings 17:35 - With whom; 2 Chronicles 5:10 - the Lord; 2 Chronicles 34:31 - made a covenant; Psalm 103:18 - To such; Isaiah 42:6 - and give; Isaiah 49:8 - give thee; Isaiah 54:10 - the covenant; Isaiah 59:21 - this; Jeremiah 14:21 - remember; Jeremiah 31:31 - I; Jeremiah 50:5 - that shall; Luke 22:20 - This; Acts 6:14 - change; Acts 13:38 - that; Galatians 4:24 - the two; 1 Timothy 2:5 - and; Hebrews 1:14 - ministering; Hebrews 7:19 - a better; Hebrews 11:40 - better

Verse 7

For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second.
had
6; 7:11,18; Galatians 3:21
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 29:14 - General; Hebrews 9:1 - the first; Hebrews 9:15 - the first; Hebrews 9:18 - the first; Hebrews 10:9 - He taketh

Verse 8

For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah:
he saith
Jeremiah 31:31-34
the days
10:16,17; Jeremiah 23:5,7; 30:3; 31:27,31-34,38; Luke 17:22
a new
9:15; 12:24; Matthew 26:28; Mark 14:24; Luke 22:20; 1 Corinthians 11:25; 2 Corinthians 3:6
covenant
Isaiah 55:3; Jeremiah 32:40; 33:24-26; Ezekiel 16:60,61; 37:26
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 5:3 - General; 2 Kings 23:3 - made a covenant; Psalm 25:10 - keep; Isaiah 43:1 - thou art mine; Jeremiah 11:4 - I commanded; Ezekiel 36:11 - will do; Daniel 9:27 - confirm; Hosea 8:1 - transgressed; Zechariah 11:10 - that; Luke 5:38 - General; John 1:17 - the law; Romans 11:27 - this; Hebrews 7:18 - the weakness; Hebrews 8:13 - A new

Verse 9

Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.
the covenant
9:18-20; Exodus 24:3-11; 34:10,27,28; Deuteronomy 5:2,3; 29:1,12; Galatians 3:15-19; Galatians 4:24
I took
Genesis 19:16; Job 8:20; *marg:; Song of Solomon 8:5; Isaiah 41:13; 51:18; Mark 8:23; Acts 9:8; 13:11
to lead
Exodus 19:4,5; Psalms 77:20; 78:52-54; 105:43; 136:11-14; Isaiah 40:11; 63:9; Isaiah 63:11-13
they continued
Exodus 32:8; Deuteronomy 29:25; 31:16-18; Joshua 23:15,16; 2 Kings 17:15-18; Psalms 78:10; Psalms 78:11,57; Isaiah 24:5,6; Jeremiah 11:7,8; 22:8,9; 31:32; Ezekiel 16:8,59; Ezekiel 20:37,38
regarded
Judges 10:13,14; Lamentations 4:16; Amos 5:22; Malachi 2:13
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:9 - for I; Leviticus 26:15 - break; Deuteronomy 17:2 - in transgressing; 1 Kings 19:14 - forsaken; Psalm 50:16 - thou shouldest; Jeremiah 11:10 - the house of Israel; Ezekiel 44:7 - broken; Hosea 6:7 - transgressed; Micah 7:18 - the remnant; John 8:31 - If; 2 Corinthians 5:17 - old

Verse 10

For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:
this is
10:16,17
I will put
Gr. I will give.
Exodus 24:4,7; 34:1,27; Deuteronomy 30:6; Jeremiah 31:33; 32:40; Ezekiel 11:19; 36:26,27; 2 Corinthians 3:3,7,8; James 1:18,21; 1 Peter 1:23
in
or, upon. I will be.
11:16; Genesis 17:7,8; Song of Solomon 2:16; Jeremiah 24:7; 31:1,33; 32:38; Ezekiel 11:20; 36:28; Ezekiel 37:27; 39:22; Hosea 1:10; 2:23; Zechariah 8:8; 13:9; Matthew 22:32; 1 Corinthians 6:16
they shall
Exodus 19:5,6; Romans 9:25,26; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 2:9
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:16 - General; Deuteronomy 9:10 - written with; Deuteronomy 17:2 - in transgressing; 1 Chronicles 17:24 - a God; Ezra 7:27 - put such; Psalm 37:31 - law; Psalm 74:20 - Have; Psalm 119:29 - grant me; Psalm 119:77 - for thy; Song of Solomon 6:3 - my beloved's; Isaiah 42:21 - he will; Isaiah 51:16 - Thou art; Isaiah 52:6 - my people; Isaiah 54:13 - all; Jeremiah 11:4 - ye be; Jeremiah 30:22 - General; Jeremiah 34:13 - I made; Jeremiah 50:20 - the iniquity; Ezekiel 14:11 - that they; Ezekiel 16:60 - I will establish; Matthew 13:23 - good; Mark 14:62 - the Son; Luke 6:45 - treasure; Luke 10:27 - Thou; John 6:45 - And they; John 20:17 - your God; Romans 5:5 - because; Romans 6:14 - sin; Romans 7:22 - I delight; Romans 8:7 - for it; 1 Corinthians 9:21 - not; 2 Corinthians 6:16 - I will be; Colossians 2:13 - having; 1 Thessalonians 4:9 - ye need; Hebrews 7:11 - perfection; Hebrews 8:6 - upon; 1 John 2:14 - the word; 1 John 2:27 - and ye; 1 John 5:3 - and; Revelation 21:3 - they shall; Revelation 21:7 - and I

Verse 11

And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest.
they shall
Isaiah 2:3; 54:13; Jeremiah 31:34; John 6:45; 1 John 2:27
Know the
2 Kings 17:27,28; 1 Chronicles 28:9; 2 Chronicles 30:22; Ezra 7:25
for all
Isaiah 54:13; Jeremiah 24:7; Ezekiel 34:30; Habakkuk 2:14; 1 John 5:20
from
Jeremiah 6:13; 42:1,8; 44:12; Acts 8:10
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 33:13 - knew; Psalm 36:10 - that; Psalm 119:29 - grant me; Isaiah 52:6 - my people; Jeremiah 23:35 - General; Jeremiah 34:13 - I made; Hosea 2:20 - and; John 17:3 - this; John 17:25 - the world; 1 Thessalonians 4:9 - ye need; Titus 2:12 - Teaching; 1 John 2:20 - and ye

Verse 12

For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.
10:16,17; Psalms 25:7; 65:3; Isaiah 43:25; 44:22; Jeremiah 33:8; 50:20; Micah 7:19; Acts 13:38,39; Romans 11:27; Ephesians 1:7; Colossians 1:14; 1 John 1:7-9; 2:1,2; Revelation 1:5
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 14:10 - he will; Jeremiah 31:34 - for I; Ezekiel 18:22 - his transgressions; Zechariah 3:4 - I have; Mark 14:62 - the Son; Luke 18:13 - God; John 17:3 - this

Verse 13

In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.
A new
he hath
7:11,12,18,19; 9:9,10
ready
Isaiah 51:6; Matthew 24:35; 1 Corinthians 13:8; 2 Corinthians 5:17 Reciprocal: Numbers 29:17 - General; Ezekiel 16:61 - but not; Mark 14:62 - the Son; Acts 13:38 - that; 2 Corinthians 3:11 - if; Ephesians 2:15 - the law; Colossians 2:14 - the handwriting; Hebrews 9:15 - the first

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Hebrews 8". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/hebrews-8.html.