Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jeremiah 52

Introduction

1Zedekiah rebels.
4Jerusalem is besieged and taken.
8Zedekiah's sons killed, and his own eyes put out.
12Nebuzar-adan burns and spoils the city.
24He carries away the captives.
28The number of Jews carried captive.
31Evil-merodach advances Jehoiachin.

Verse 1

Zedekiah was one and twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
A. M. 3406-3416. B.C. 598-588. one
2 Kings 24:18; 2 Chronicles 36:11
begin to reign
Heb. reigned. Libnah.
Joshua 10:29; 15:42
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 24:17 - the king;  2 Chronicles 36:17 - the king;  Ezra 2:1 - whom Nebuchadnezzar;  Nehemiah 7:6 - whom Nebuchadnezzar;  Nehemiah 9:32 - on our kings;  Jeremiah 1:12 - I will;  Jeremiah 21:1 - when;  Jeremiah 50:17 - this;  Ezekiel 36:3 - they have made;  Ezekiel 40:1 - after;  Habakkuk 1:17 - and

Verse 2

And he did that which was evil in the eyes of the LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim had done.
he did
1 Kings 14:22; 2 Kings 24:19,20; 2 Chronicles 36:12,13; Ezekiel 17:16-20; 21:25
according
26:21-23; 36:21-23,29-31
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 24:8 - So will

Verse 3

For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, till he had cast them out from his presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.
through
2 Samuel 24:1; 1 Kings 10:9; Proverbs 28:2; Ecclesiastes 10:16; Isaiah 3:4,5; 19:4
Zedekiah
2 Chronicles 36:13; Ezekiel 17:15-21
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:16 - went;  Ezra 4:12 - rebellious;  Ezra 4:15 - for which;  Isaiah 36:5 - that;  Jeremiah 7:15 - I will;  Jeremiah 15:1 - cast;  Jeremiah 21:2 - for;  Jeremiah 23:39 - cast;  Jeremiah 27:8 - that nation;  Ezekiel 19:14 - fire;  Ezekiel 21:23 - but

Verse 4

And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem, and pitched against it, and built forts against it round about.
A. M. 3414. B.C. 590. the ninth year
39:1; 2 Kings 25:1-27; Ezekiel 24:1,2
in the tenth month
Zechariah 8:19
pitched
7; 6:3-6; 32:24; Leviticus 26:25; Deuteronomy 28:52-57; Isaiah 29:3; 42:24,25; Ezekiel 4:1-7; 21:22; Luke 19:43; 21:20
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 17:5 - three years;  Isaiah 42:22 - a people;  Jeremiah 32:1 - in the;  Jeremiah 34:1 - when;  Jeremiah 42:18 - As mine;  Ezekiel 4:2 - lay;  Ezekiel 17:17 - by;  Ezekiel 26:8 - he shall make;  Ezekiel 33:21 - The city;  Daniel 11:15 - cast up;  Micah 4:11 - many;  Habakkuk 1:10 - they shall deride

Verse 6

And in the fourth month, in the ninth day of the month, the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land.
A. M. 3416. B.C. 588. the fourth
39:2; 2 Kings 25:3; Zechariah 8:19
the famine
15:2; 19:9; 21:9; 25:10; 38:9; Leviticus 26:26; Deuteronomy 28:52,53; 32:24; Isaiah 3:1; Lamentations 4:4-6; 5:10; Ezekiel 4:9-17; 5:10-12; 7:15; 14:21
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:55 - in the siege;  2 Kings 6:25 - a great famine;  2 Kings 25:4 - the city;  Isaiah 8:21 - hardly bestead;  Isaiah 22:2 - thy slain;  Jeremiah 14:18 - go forth;  Jeremiah 29:17 - Behold;  Jeremiah 32:24 - because;  Jeremiah 37:21 - until;  Jeremiah 41:1 - the seventh month;  Lamentations 1:11 - seek;  Ezekiel 31:1 - in the eleventh

Verse 7

Then the city was broken up, and all the men of war fled, and went forth out of the city by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king's garden; (now the Chaldeans were by the city round about:) and they went by the way of the plain.
the city
34:2,3; 2 Kings 25:4
all the men
39:4-7; 49:26; 51:32; Leviticus 26:17,36; Deuteronomy 28:25; 32:30; Joshua 7:8-12
Reciprocal: Psalm 80:13 - The boar;  Isaiah 24:10 - city;  Isaiah 30:16 - for we will;  Jeremiah 4:9 - that the heart;  Jeremiah 4:29 - shall flee;  Jeremiah 14:18 - go forth;  Jeremiah 20:5 - I will deliver;  Jeremiah 34:22 - shall fight;  Jeremiah 38:18 - then;  Jeremiah 39:2 - was;  Jeremiah 52:4 - pitched;  Lamentations 1:6 - her princes;  Lamentations 4:18 - hunt;  Ezekiel 12:4 - at even;  Ezekiel 17:9 - shall he;  Zechariah 8:19 - the fourth

Verse 8

But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the king, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho; and all his army was scattered from him.
21:7; 32:4; 34:21; 37:18; 38:23; 39:5; Isaiah 30:16,17; Lamentations 4:19,20; Ezekiel 12:12-14; 17:20,21; Amos 2:14,15; 9:1-4
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:36 - bring thee;  Joshua 4:13 - to the plains;  2 Kings 25:5 - and overtook;  Jeremiah 25:35 - nor;  Jeremiah 44:30 - as I;  Lamentations 1:3 - all;  Lamentations 1:6 - all;  Lamentations 2:9 - her king;  Ezekiel 7:27 - king;  Ezekiel 12:13 - and I

Verse 9

Then they took the king, and carried him up unto the king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath; where he gave judgment upon him.
they took
32:4,5; 2 Chronicles 33:11; Ezekiel 21:25-27
Riblah
39:5; 2 Kings 23:33; 25:6
Hamath
Numbers 13:21; Joshua 13:5; 1 Kings 8:65; 2 Chronicles 8:3
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 52:27 - Riblah;  Lamentations 2:9 - her king;  Ezekiel 11:10 - fall;  Ezekiel 21:26 - Remove;  Ezekiel 34:10 - and cause;  Habakkuk 1:7 - their judgment

Verse 10

And the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah.
slew
22:30; 39:6,7; Genesis 21:16; 44:34; Deuteronomy 28:34; 2 Kings 25:7
he slew
24-27; 2 Kings 25:18-21; Ezekiel 9:6; 11:7-11
Reciprocal: Numbers 34:11 - Riblah;  2 Kings 23:33 - Riblah;  Jeremiah 34:3 - and thine;  Jeremiah 34:21 - Zedekiah;  Jeremiah 43:6 - the king's;  Lamentations 5:12 - GeneralEzekiel 11:10 - fall;  Ezekiel 19:1 - the princes;  Ezekiel 24:5 - the choice;  Ezekiel 24:25 - their sons

Verse 11

Then he put out the eyes of Zedekiah; and the king of Babylon bound him in chains, and carried him to Babylon, and put him in prison till the day of his death.
put out the eyes of Zedekiah
Heb. blinded Zedekiah.
34:3-5; Ezekiel 12:13
chains
or, fetters. prison. Heb. house of the wards.
Reciprocal: Genesis 44:34 - lest;  2 Kings 25:7 - they slew;  Jeremiah 39:7 - he put;  Lamentations 1:6 - all;  Lamentations 2:6 - the king;  Lamentations 5:12 - GeneralEzekiel 17:16 - even;  Ezekiel 19:1 - the princes;  Matthew 1:11 - about

Verse 12

Now in the fifth month, in the tenth day of the month, which was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, which served the king of Babylon, into Jerusalem,
fifth
2 Kings 25:8; Zechariah 7:3-5; 8:19
the tenth
It appears from the parallel passage of Kings, that Nebuzar-adan came from Riblah to Jerusalem on the seventh of the fifth month; but it seems that he did not set fire to the temple and city till the tenth day, being probably occupied on the intervening days in taking the vessels out of the house of the Lord, and collecting together all the riches that could be found. In memory of this calamity, the Jews devote two fasts to this day; the seventeenth of the fourth month, which falls in June, for the destruction of Jerusalem, and the ninth of the fifth month, which falls in July, for the destruction of the temple; both of which are mentioned by Zechariah as kept from this event till his time, a period of seventy years, under the names of the fast of the fourth month, and fast of the fifth month.
the nineteenth
29; 2 Kings 24:12; 25:8
captain of the guard
or, chief marshal. Heb. chief of the executioners, or slaughtermen, and so.
14; 39:9; Genesis 37:36; *margins
served
Heb. stood before.
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 25:11 - the rest;  1 Chronicles 6:15 - when the Lord;  Psalm 80:13 - The boar;  Jeremiah 1:3 - in the fifth;  Jeremiah 52:24 - the captain;  Daniel 2:14 - captain of the king's guard

Verse 13

And burned the house of the LORD, and the king's house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, and all the houses of the great men, burned he with fire:
burned
7:14; 2 Kings 25:9; 2 Chronicles 36:19; Psalms 74:6-8; 79:1; Isaiah 64:10,11; Lamentations 2:7; Ezekiel 7:20-22; 24:21; Micah 3:12; Zechariah 11:1; Matthew 24:2; Acts 6:13,14
the king's
22:14; 34:22; 37:8-10; 38:23; 39:8,9; Ezekiel 24:1-14; Amos 2:5; 3:10,11; Amos 6:11
Reciprocal: Leviticus 14:45 - break down;  Leviticus 26:31 - and bring;  1 Kings 9:7 - this house;  Psalm 74:3 - all;  Isaiah 24:10 - city;  Jeremiah 6:5 - let us destroy;  Jeremiah 17:27 - shall devour;  Jeremiah 21:10 - it shall;  Jeremiah 21:14 - shall;  Jeremiah 32:29 - and set;  Jeremiah 51:51 - for strangers;  Lamentations 1:6 - all;  Lamentations 1:10 - seen;  Lamentations 2:5 - he hath swallowed up Israel;  Lamentations 4:1 - the stones;  Lamentations 5:18 - of the;  Ezekiel 7:21 - GeneralEzekiel 16:41 - burn;  Ezekiel 23:47 - and burn;  Ezekiel 24:11 - set it;  Haggai 1:4 - and

Verse 14

And all the army of the Chaldeans, that were with the captain of the guard, brake down all the walls of Jerusalem round about.
brake
2 Kings 25:10; Nehemiah 1:3
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 9:1 - carried;  2 Chronicles 36:19 - brake down;  Isaiah 24:10 - city;  Jeremiah 39:8 - and brake;  Jeremiah 52:12 - captain of the guard;  Lamentations 2:9 - gates;  Daniel 2:14 - captain of the king's guard

Verse 15

Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive certain of the poor of the people, and the residue of the people that remained in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the multitude.
carried
15:1,2; Zechariah 14:2
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 9:1 - carried;  2 Chronicles 36:19 - brake down;  Jeremiah 1:3 - in the fifth;  Jeremiah 17:3 - I will;  Jeremiah 52:24 - the captain;  Jeremiah 52:30 - carried;  Lamentations 1:3 - gone;  Ezekiel 12:11 - remove and go

Verse 16

But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left certain of the poor of the land for vinedressers and for husbandmen.
certain
39:9,10; 40:5-7; 2 Kings 25:12; Ezekiel 33:24
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 24:14 - the poorest sort;  Ezekiel 5:3 - a few

Verse 17

Also the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen sea that was in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans brake, and carried all the brass of them to Babylon.
pillars
21-23; 27:19-22; 1 Kings 7:15-22,27,50; 2 Kings 25:13-17; 2 Chronicles 4:12,13; 2 Chronicles 36:18; Lamentations 1:10; Daniel 1:2
the bases
1 Kings 7:23-26; 2 Chronicles 4:14,15
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 20:17 - shall be carried;  1 Chronicles 18:8 - wherewith;  Isaiah 39:6 - that all;  Jeremiah 27:22 - carried;  Jeremiah 52:20 - two;  Ezekiel 40:49 - pillars

Verse 18

The caldrons also, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the bowls, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away.
caldrons
Exodus 27:3; 38:3; 2 Kings 25:14-16; Ezekiel 46:20-24
the shovels
or, instruments to remove the ashes.
Numbers 4:14; 1 Kings 7:40,45; 2 Chronicles 4:11,16
the snuffers
Exodus 37:23; 2 Chronicles 4:22
bowls
or, basons
Exodus 25:29; 37:16; Numbers 4:7,14; 1 Kings 7:50; 1 Chronicles 28:17; 2 Chronicles 4:8; Ezra 1:10
the spoons
Numbers 7:13,14,19,20,26,32,38,44,50,56,
Reciprocal: Exodus 25:38 - the tongs;  2 Chronicles 4:19 - all the vessels;  Jeremiah 21:4 - Behold

Verse 19

And the basons, and the firepans, and the bowls, and the caldrons, and the candlesticks, and the spoons, and the cups; that which was of gold in gold, and that which was of silver in silver, took the captain of the guard away.
fire pans
or, censers.
Leviticus 26:12; Numbers 16:46; Revelation 8:3-5
and the candlesticks
Exodus 25:31-39; 1 Kings 7:49; 2 Chronicles 4:6-22
Reciprocal: Exodus 25:29 - the;  Exodus 27:3 - firepans;  Exodus 37:16 - dishes;  Leviticus 24:4 - the pure;  Numbers 7:13 - charger;  1 Kings 7:40 - the lavers;  2 Chronicles 4:8 - basins;  2 Chronicles 4:19 - all the vessels;  Ezra 5:14 - the vessels;  Ezra 6:5 - which Nebuchadnezzar;  Nehemiah 7:70 - basins;  Daniel 5:2 - the golden;  Zechariah 4:2 - a candlestick

Verse 20

The two pillars, one sea, and twelve brasen bulls that were under the bases, which king Solomon had made in the house of the LORD: the brass of all these vessels was without weight.
two
the brass
Heb. their brass. without.
1 Kings 7:47; 2 Kings 25:16; 1 Chronicles 22:14; 2 Chronicles 4:18
Reciprocal: Exodus 27:3 - firepans;  1 Kings 7:23 - a molten sea;  1 Kings 7:25 - General1 Kings 7:27 - ten bases;  2 Kings 16:17 - sea;  1 Chronicles 22:3 - without weight;  2 Chronicles 3:15 - two pillars

Verse 21

And concerning the pillars, the height of one pillar was eighteen cubits; and a fillet of twelve cubits did compass it; and the thickness thereof was four fingers: it was hollow.
concerning
1 Kings 7:15-21; 2 Kings 25:17; 2 Chronicles 3:15-17
fillet
Heb. thread.
Reciprocal: Exodus 27:10 - fillets shall be of silver;  1 Kings 7:26 - an hand breadth;  Jeremiah 52:17 - pillars

Verse 22

And a chapiter of brass was upon it; and the height of one chapiter was five cubits, with network and pomegranates upon the chapiters round about, all of brass. The second pillar also and the pomegranates were like unto these.
with network
Exodus 28:14-22,25; 39:15-18; 1 Kings 7:17; 2 Chronicles 3:15; 4:12,13
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 7:20 - and the pomegranates

Verse 23

And there were ninety and six pomegranates on a side; and all the pomegranates upon the network were an hundred round about.
all the
1 Kings 7:20
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 4:13 - four hundred

Verse 24

And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:
the captain
12,15; 2 Kings 25:18
Seraiah
1 Chronicles 6:14; Ezra 7:1
Zephaniah
21:1; 29:25,29; 37:3; 2 Kings 25:18
door
Heb. threshold.
35:4; 1 Chronicles 9:19-26; Psalms 84:10; *marg:
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 12:9 - the priests;  Isaiah 22:3 - thy rulers;  Isaiah 24:2 - as with the people;  Jeremiah 21:7 - I will;  Jeremiah 25:35 - nor;  Jeremiah 34:21 - Zedekiah;  Jeremiah 52:10 - he slew;  Ezekiel 11:7 - but;  Ezekiel 11:10 - fall;  Ezekiel 24:5 - the choice;  Ezekiel 34:10 - and cause

Verse 25

He took also out of the city an eunuch, which had the charge of the men of war; and seven men of them that were near the king's person, which were found in the city; and the principal scribe of the host, who mustered the people of the land; and threescore men of the people of the land, that were found in the midst of the city.
an eunuch
2 Kings 25:19
were near the king's person
Heb. saw the face of the king.
Esther 1:14; Matthew 18:10
principal scribe of the host
or, scribe of the captain of the host.
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 36:10 - the scribe;  Lamentations 5:12 - GeneralEzekiel 19:1 - the princes;  Habakkuk 1:7 - their judgment

Verse 27

And the king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death in Riblah in the land of Hamath. Thus Judah was carried away captive out of his own land.
the king
6:13-15; 2 Kings 25:20,21; Ezekiel 8:11-18; 11:1-11
Riblah
9; Numbers 34:8-11; 2 Samuel 8:9
Thus
24:9,10; 25:9-11; 39:10; Leviticus 26:33-35; Deuteronomy 4:26; 28:36,64; 2 Kings 17:20,23; 23:27; 25:21; Isaiah 6:11,12; 24:3; 27:10; 32:13,14; Ezekiel 33:28; Micah 4:10
Reciprocal: Numbers 34:11 - Riblah;  2 Kings 23:33 - Riblah;  Jeremiah 13:19 - Judah;  Jeremiah 15:14 - pass;  Jeremiah 39:5 - Riblah;  Lamentations 1:3 - gone;  Lamentations 1:5 - her children;  Ezekiel 14:22 - therein;  Ezekiel 19:13 - she is

Verse 28

This is the people whom Nebuchadrezzar carried away captive: in the seventh year three thousand Jews and three and twenty:
A. M. 3404. B.C. 600. in the
2 Kings 24:2,3,12-16; Daniel 1:1-3
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:62 - few in number;  2 Kings 24:14 - Jerusalem;  2 Kings 24:16 - seven thousand;  1 Chronicles 6:15 - when the Lord;  Isaiah 6:12 - the Lord;  Jeremiah 6:9 - They shall;  Jeremiah 39:9 - carried;  Ezekiel 12:11 - remove and go;  Obadiah 1:11 - in the day that the;  Matthew 1:11 - about

Verse 29

In the eighteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar he carried away captive from Jerusalem eight hundred thirty and two persons:
A. M. 3415. B.C. 589. the eighteenth
12; 39:9; 2 Kings 25:11; 2 Chronicles 36:20
persons
Heb. souls.
Genesis 12:5; Exodus 1:5

Verse 30

In the three and twentieth year of Nebuchadrezzar Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive of the Jews seven hundred forty and five persons: all the persons were four thousand and six hundred.
carried
15; 6:9
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 4:5 - three;  Ezekiel 4:6 - forty days;  Ezekiel 5:4 - take;  Zechariah 7:14 - the land

Verse 31

And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, in the five and twentieth day of the month, that Evilmerodach king of Babylon in the first year of his reign lifted up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah, and brought him forth out of prison,
A. M. 3442. B.C. 562. it came
2 Kings 25:27-30
in the twelfth
Nearly answering to our 25th of April, A.M. 3442.
king of Babylon
Proverbs 21:1
lifted up
This phrase is founded on the observation that those in sorrow hold down their heads; and, when comforted, or the cause of their sorrow removed, they lift up their heads.
Genesis 40:13,20; Job 22:29; Psalms 3:3; 27:6
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 24:12 - took him;  Job 12:18 - GeneralPsalm 107:14 - brake;  Psalm 107:41 - setteth;  Psalm 110:7 - lift;  Isaiah 42:22 - are hid;  Jeremiah 22:27 - to the;  Jeremiah 27:7 - all;  Jeremiah 28:4 - Jeconiah;  Jeremiah 37:1 - Coniah;  Jeremiah 40:5 - gave him;  Jeremiah 50:2 - Merodach;  Ezekiel 17:12 - and led;  Ezekiel 21:26 - Remove;  Habakkuk 3:2 - in the

Verse 32

And spake kindly unto him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon,
kindly unto him
Heb. good things with him.
Proverbs 12:25
set
Gave him a more respectable seat than any of the captive princes.
27:6-11; Daniel 2:37; 5:18,19
Reciprocal: Genesis 41:14 - he shaved;  Ezekiel 26:7 - a king

Verse 33

And changed his prison garments: and he did continually eat bread before him all the days of his life.
changed
Presented him with a caftan, or robe, as a mark of favour, as is still the practice in the East.
Genesis 41:14,42; Psalms 30:11; Isaiah 61:1-3; Zechariah 3:4
he did
2 Samuel 9:7,13; 1 Kings 2:7

Verse 34

And for his diet, there was a continual diet given him of the king of Babylon, every day a portion until the day of his death, all the days of his life.
there was
2 Samuel 9:10; Matthew 6:11
every day a portion
Heb. the matter of the day in his day.
Luke 11:3 Reciprocal: Ezra 3:4 - as the duty of every day required;  Proverbs 30:8 - convenient for me;  Ecclesiastes 5:18 - it is his;  Jeremiah 9:26 - Egypt

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/jeremiah-52.html.